Antitank defense guided weapon
the antitank defense guided weapon is to be fired a device around guidable antitank missiles.
Antitank defense guided weapons are applicable both in a surface-to-surface or an air-to-surface combination.
Air-based rockets are normally fired from combat helicopters.
Ground-based systems are inserted behind earth barriers, by edge of forest or other covered places, in addition, from vehicles. The contactors directs the direction of the rocket, by directing the visor toward the target object, until the projectile hits. For this reason is the contactors during the flight phase in large danger, since the firing can be constituted by the Gegener.
Entwicklungsstufen and steering systems from antitank missiles
one differentiates up to now three generations of steering systems:
- active steering systems, with which to the goal taken place and up to the impact will maintain the control manually must. With these systems of the 1. Generation took place the control usually via a wire communication between missiles and launch platform. Existed also radio-controlled versions, which were accordingly disturbance susceptible however. Examples of active, wire-steered antitank missiles was the Soviet AT-3 (Sagger).
- semi-active steering systems, with which the contactors only the goal in the visor must hold, while the missile corrects its course along the target line automatically. Guidance rockets of the 2. Generation are steered according to this principle via a connecting wire, while the systems of the 3. Generation on a target illumination by lasers set, which to higher flexibility and security for the contactors lead, since the lighting of the goal can take place also from other place. Wire-steered systems e.g. are. HOT and TOW laser-steered, the Hellfire. and the Russian roughen.
- passive steering systems, which pursue the goal by sensors in the warhead perfectly independently. Here the goal is specified by protecting only, line of sight connection during the flight or also target illumination is no longer necessary. These systems fall under the principle Fire and Forget. In use the FGM-148 Javelin is current.
- surface-to-surface systems