the Paralympi plays are the olympic plays for sportsmen with handicap. They take place before long in each case temporal distance after the olympic plays for humans without handicap. To the paralympicses does not belong the Deaflympics for gehörlose ones and the Special Olympics forHumans with cognitive handicap.
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the term „paralympicses “
the term „paralympicses “sits down together from Paralysis, to the Greek term for paralysis and Olympics.It is used officially for the first time 1988 with the olympic plays in Korea. One spoke before of “world plays”, “Olympiad of the handicapped ones” or “world plays of the handicapped ones”. There only on a part of the sportsmen involved becomes also frequent the term applies as parallel Olympics or Para Olympics of the Greek para, follow, associated, beside interpreted.
1948 began in Stoke Mandeville (England) the first sport plays for wheelchair users on the same day as the olympic plays of London. The ethnic German neurologist Sir Ludwig Guttmann hadit initiates, in order to connect the matches of the handicapped ones with the plays of the non-disableds.1960 took place the first „world plays “in Rome, but no longer parallel to the olympic summer games, but few weeks later. Since then the paralympicses take place every four years, alwaysin the same year as the olympic plays. The first Paralympi winter plays took place 1976 in Sweden . Since 1988 they take place also again in the same place as the olympic plays.
to the paralympicses in Athens took 4000 paralympische athletes from 130Countries part, which would deliver 566 matches in 18 kinds of sport. They were accompanied by 2000 official team companions. The responsibility for the organization and development of the obstruction plays carries the international Paralympi committee (IPC ) since 1989, which was created in Duesseldorf and its seat in Bonn has.
the sportsmen into different categories are divided, which are internationally recognized (“classification”). The kind of the handicap and its effect are considered on the practice of a respective kind of sport. The classification is the basis for fair matches, there itself similar handicaps on thosefunctional abilities and conditions of the sportsmen regarding a kind of sport differently affect.
athlete, to which at least one main joint in a member is missing.
athletes, which suffer to an impairment of the course of motion and the attitude, under damages one or several tax centers in the brain.
athlete, those in different measure are sehbehindert up to complete blindness.
4. Wheelchair haven
sportsman, who uses a wheelchair for the practice of their sport. The classification takes place in all kinds of sport, the wheelchair sportsmen operates (Rollstuhlrugby, Leichtathletik, wheelchair basketball, table tennis, tennis).
5.Les Autres (“the other, all remaining ones”)
this term describes athletes with different handicaps, which concern the movement apparatus, which can be arranged however in none of the other four handicap classes.
further Sportwettkämpfe for handicapped
- down Sportlerfestival - plays for sportsmen with down syndrome
- soccer world championship 2006 thatHumans with mental handicap
Web on the left of
- official side internationally of the Paralympic Committee (English)
- German Paralymi Commitee (NPC Germany)
- Austrian Paralympi Committee (ÖPC)
- Swiss Paralympic Committee (SPC)
- paralympicses message overview
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