|administrative seat:||Pardubice (Pardubitz)|
|inhabitant:||505.584 (30. June 2005)|
|Population density:||112 Einwohner/km ²|
|surface:||4,519 km ²|
|- of it country:||? km ²|
|-of it water:||? km ²|
|expansion:|| North south: 39 - 64 km|
west east: to 101 km
|highest point:||1,424 M. and. NN|
|deepest point:||202 M. and. NN|
statistic characteristic numbers 2005
|Surface in km ²||inhabitant||average age||number of municipalities|
|of okres Chrudim||1,030||104,748||39.0||113|
|of okres Pardubice||889||160,251||40.0||115|
|of okres Svitavy||1,335||101,832||38.4||113|
|okres Ústí nad Orlicí||1,265||138,753||38.3||112|
the region have common borders with the circles Nordböhmen, Královohradecký, Olomouc, Südmähren and Vysočina. In the northeast it borders on Poland. The naturalBorder forms a part of the Orlické hory (eagle mountains) and the westernmost part of the Hrubý Jeseník (high of dies). In the south and southeast the hills of the Žďárské rise vrchy (Saarer of mountains) and Železné hory (iron mountains). The center of theCircle takes the fruitful level of the Elbtales. Orlické hory, Žďárské vrchy and Železné hory belong to the protected areas of the region. Highest point is the mountain Králický Sněžník (1,424 M.ü.M.), with original vegetation and Hochmooren it to the protected area was proclaimed. The deepest point is thoseWater surface of the Elbe with Kojice (202 M.ü.M.).
with 4,519 km ² it takes 5.7% of the total area Tschechiens. 44.6% of the soil are agriculturally usable, 29.4% form forests.
in the circle are still many nature areas, forwardskeep remained to everything at the thinly settled mountain-slopes. The highest environmental damage is to be observed in the environment of the industriellen region of the district town Pardubice. The largest Umweltbelaster is thereby the chemical works (Paramo) and the power stations in Opatovice and Chvaletice. The region is with largeWater reservoir both with surface and groundwaters gesegnet. The water pollution above all the Elbe and Svitavy forms rather an exception. To the largest water surfaces Sečská belong přehrada (with Chrudim), to Bohdanečský rybník (at the Opatovický channel) and Pastvina (at the river Divoká Orlice). A part thatRegion is the water protection zone. The main reservoir of the groundwater lies particularly in the böhmischen chalk pan in okres Ústí nad the Orlicí and Svitavy) as well as in the sediments of the river Elbe with Pardubice.
the circle form four districts with 452 municipalities and 507Thousand inhabitants (5% de Bevölkerung Tschechiens). In municipalities with less than 500 inhabitants 14% of the total population of the circle, this cut live lie around 2/3 more highly than in the remaining part of the republic. In cities with more than 10,000 inhabitants 42% of the population live,in the district town Pardubice 18%. In the last years an easy decrease in population is to be registered, under a lower birth rate. The population decrease wants one with a modern building of settlements to advance toward. Thus 2002 in the circle most houses in the Czech republic (to Prague) were finished. ThatAge index (relationship over 65-Jährigen too under 15-jährigen) increased in last years around scarcely 2 points and amounts to at present the value 87,3. This value is with women at 109 points, with Mänenrn with 67. Reason is higher the early number of deaths of the men andPortion of male births. In order to be economically successful, some municipalities united to micro regions.
130 thousand persons employed were counted 2002, an increase opposite 2001 around 1,6%. Thereby the agriculture plays a large portion whereby medium-term a growth of thetertiary range one observes. The average wage amounted to 13,539 Kč, 85% of the Durchsnittlohnes in Tschechien. The credit trade pays the best salaries, at the last place is the industry. Unemployment amounts to about 8.7%, whereby there are regionally large differences.
economical characteristic numbers
thatGross domestic product amounts to about 50% of the European Union average. The processing trade with 34%, public administration and social welfare matters (14%) have the largest portion of the GROS DOMESTIC PRODUCT, trade (12%).
the railway system amounts to 500 km, whereby the most important railway connections the E040 (Paris- Nuremberg - Praha - Vienna) and E061 (Berlin - Praha - Brno - Vienna) are. The road system is 3,581 km long, with roads 1. Class of 445 km, 2. Class 913 km and 3. Class 2,223 km. The most important road connection exists betweenPardubice and Chrudim after Ždírce nad Doubravou. A most important goal is the prefabricated construction of the motorway Praha - Poděbrady to the east. In the air traffic the airport Pardubice with private and military air traffic plays the largest role. In the water traffic is only the navigable part of the Elbe andthe port in Pardubice of importance. 2002 began the regular navigation from Kunětická Hora after Pardubice and Přelouč.
in the circle find are 325 kindergartens with 15.155 children, 239 primary schools (50,566 pupils), 42 middle technical schools (10.958Pupil), 12 High Schools (7,203 pupils) and 11 professional schools (1,352 students) as well as 32 vocational schools with 9.345 training. In addition the university comes into Pardubice with 4 faculties.
for the health well-being of the population 11 hospitals with 2.545 beds, 11 specialized institutions with 1.524 ensureBeds, of it 7 with 522 beds for chronically patient. Besides there is 1,637 medical practices (1 physician on 310 inhabitants) as well as 98 pharmacies.
famous are the concerts of the Parubiter of music spring, as well as the Bedřich Smetana - music festival in Litomyšl like also the music festival in Polička. Theatre gives it in Pardubice. As film scenery Přelouč serves.
most well-known is the racecourse in Pardubice. Lovers of the engine haven meet when motorcycle running in Milovnice. Besides ice hockey and tennis dominates.
the favorable climate,beautiful mountain nature and sport mechanisms for the summer, winter and horse haven provide for an increasing number at tourists. The accommodation takes place in 379 mechanisms, in which 250 thousand guests spent about 4.7 days last. Compared with other circles is the number of beds as well asthe guests nevertheless lowest.
objects of interest
- lock Pardubice with exhibitions of the ostböhmischen museum and the ostböhmischen gallery.
- Puppet museum in Chrudim
- African museum in Holice
in the year 200 besides the euro region Glacensis was furnished.
•Lowest income of a household • Lowest monthly gross wage in the industry • Lowest gross wage in technical, health and school occupations • Lowest number of institutes of the hotel industry. • Second highest number of finished family houses on 1000 inhabitants • Second highest participation in local elections
of district cities
(31. December 2005)
|Ústí nad Orlicí||14.918|