Paris opera

those Paris opera (today's official name Opéra national de Paris) and its institutes for predecessor play in the history of the opera by style-coining/shaping premieres an important role.

Opéra Garnier
statue on that roof of the Opéra Garnier
opera around 1900
Opéra Bastille

the 1875 openedParis opera houses, which after its architect designated Opéra Garnier (also palace Garnier), since 1989 mainly for ballet performances of Paris Opera clench and used classical operas. With a surface of 11.237 m ² those is Paris opera the largest theatre of the world, becomes however onPlaces exceeded by the citizens of Milan Scala and the Viennese state opera. The moreover one this historicalpregnant building is the scene of the events in gas clay/tone Leroux classical shower novel phantom of the opera.

The new opera house Opéra Bastille to the Place de la Bastille became from the architect Carlo Ott conceives. The eve of the 200jährigen of anniversary of the storm on the Bastille it became to 13. July 1989 inaugurated.

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Building that Paris opera since 1671

  • 19. March 1671 - 30, March 1672: Jeu de Paume de la Bouteille, rue of the Fossées de Nesles (today rue Jacques Callot)
  • 15. November 1672 - 1673: Jeu de Paume you Bel air, rue of the Fossées de Nesles (today rue de Médicis)
  • 16. June 1673 - 6. April 1763:Salle you palace Royal, rue Saint Honoré (between rue de Valois and the rue of the Bons Enfants). To 6. April 1673 by fires destroys.
  • 24. January 1764 - 23. January 1770: Salle of the Tuileries, in the Tuilerien betweenthe pavilion de l'Horloge and the pavilion de Marsan. In May 1871 by fires destroys.
  • 26. January 1770 - June 1781: Salle you palace Royal, rue Saint Honoré (at the place 1673 of the burned down theatre, destroyed in June 1781 by fires)
  • 14. August 1781 - October 1781: Salle of the menu Plaisirs (the former Salle de la Foire Saint Laurent), rue Bergère, 1910 torn off
  • 27. October 1781 - August 1794: Salle de la havens Saint Martin, boulevard Saint Martin (in the place of the later “Théâtre de la haven Saint Martin”), in May 1871 by fires destroys
  • 7.August 1794 - February 1820:Salle Montansier, rue de la Loi (today square Louvois), 1820-1821 torn off
  • 19. April 1820 - 11. May 1821: Salle Favart (Théâtre Italy), rue Favart/place Boïeldieu (in the place of the today's 3. Salle Favart, play place of the Opéra Comique).To 13. /14. January 1838 by fires destroys.
  • 15. May 1821 - 15. June 1821: Salle Louvois, rue de Louvois
  • 16. August 1821 - 27. October 1873: Salle de la rue Lepeletier, rue Lepeletier, to 27. /28. October 1873 by fires destroys
  • 19. January 1874- 30. December 1874:Salle Ventadour (Opéra Italy), in the today's place of the Banque de France
  • since 5. January 1875: Opéra Garnier, place l'Opéra
  • since 13. July 1989: Opéra Bastille, place de la Bastille

Opéra Garnier

palace Garnier

thoseOpera became from 1862 to 1875 of the building master Charles Garnier on behalf of Napoleon III. built. After the end of the emperor rule Napoleon building activity pausierte for nearly three years. Finally decide the government III. Republic however to let the building place completely.

With its neobarocken, inside sumptuously decorated style the opera is singular under that Paris buildings of that time, which are certain by classicism and historicism usually. The building master wanted to create its own Style Napoléon III with the opera.

Outside elbow columns of the lower front carryallegorischen sculpture decoration: the lyric poetry, the music, the idyll, the declamation, the singing, the drama, the dance and the lyric drama. Over the elbow one sees Medaillons with illustrations of Cimarosa, Haydn, Pergolesi and brook. In the niches over the loggia gilded Bronzebüsten is largerComposers (Halévy, Meyerbeer, Rossini, Auber, Spontini, Beethoven and Mozart) diverted. On the Attika stand groups of bronzes of the lyric poetry with the Musen and the geniuses of the fame. The enormous dome crowns a Apollostatue, flanked from Pegasusfiguren.

This opera house is the original scene of the history phantoms thatOpera. Material background of this history are mysteriöse noises from the underground during the first performances as well as a never completely enlightened accident, in which the Kronleuchter weighing tons in the auditorium fell, fortunately without humans seriously to damage came. Also the underground lake, behind which itselfphantom hidden, is material. With Ausschachtarbeiten of the Kellergewölbes one discovered an unknown underground Seitenarm of the Seine, which the cellar fully water run read. The fear of the theatre people before this uncanny cellar and its labyrinth-like courses gave “his shape „to the opera spirit.

1963 becamethe original cover painting in the dome over the auditorium of Mark Chagall with a new cover picture over-old.

important premieres at that Paris opera

(1973 -


Web on the left of

coordinates: 48° 52 ′ 19 " n. Break, 2° 19 ′ 54 " o. L.


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