Parties in Poland


table of contents

current situation

here made the organization into “do not link”, to “center” and “rights” is undisputed, there certain topics, whichthe parties connect and/or. separate, not to the traditional terms selected here to be assigned cannot. Thus for example the entry of Poland to the European Union represents a difficult problem, in relation to which the individual parties do not take very different and always clear positions. Neverthelessthe organization made here can be justified: On the one hand individual parties themselves use these terms (SLD, AWSP) in their party names, on the other hand one this vergröbernde representation provides for larger clarity.

the left

left parties separategradually from their post office-communist past and are formed in the SLD as a largest party of Poland. The SLD represents social-democratic relating to domestic affairs goals, with regard to foreign policy is interested, e.g. it in close co-operation with European Union and NATO. supported it as government party the procedure that The USA in the Iraq. With the SLD is closely connected the UP, which have however larger distance from the former communist government party PZPR. With the SLD-UP went the farmer party PSL setting on state interventionism to the elections to the Sejm 2001 one Coalition and supported thereby the government under Prime Minister Leszek Miller (SLD). In March 2003 the PSL from the government coalition separated. Since that time the government of Miller existed as minority government away. In the middle in a deep confidence crisis in March 2004 splititself the SLD: under the word leader shank of parliament president Marek Borowski developed the Polish social-democracy (SDPL), a further party, which is settled in the party spectrum left. To 2. May 2004 withdrew Miller, since that time Marek Belka stated the minority government.

the center

the political liberalism, represents by the Demokraci (dt. Democrat, a democratic party) and the PO (dt. Citizen platform), increased after some harsh defeats end of the 1990er years meaning. The democratic party, in thatPast already three Prime Ministers placed, did not create for the second time successively not the introduction in the parliament, but those rather conservative liberal citizen platform became 2005 second-strongest parliamentary group in the senate and the Polish Sejm. Is by a relatively strong political right jerk thoseto have not to select liberal left one for many Poland the alternative only therefore over left. Also further Poland for the chances and the abilities of the liberalism in Poland hope.

there were

the rights as on the leftalso on the right wing of the Polish policy 1990 Christian democratic, conservative and nationalistic forces already splintered the attempt those to a powerful party, the AWS, to bundle. This project failed 2001, so that now many individual groupings that rights(PiS, PO, AWS) for the guidance fight to the opposition. At the same time at the right edge radical parties formed (LPR and Samoobrona), those the European Union entry as threat national and/or. agricultural interests feel. Last it is to be still marked thatwith the next Sejmwahl the Platforma Janusza Korwin Mikke (PJKM) stands as a candidate. Dear ore acre monarchy tables a movement on the basis of the old conservative liberals a party Unia Polityki Realnej (UPR).

historical review

in the years between 1944 and 1948, after releasefrom the German crew in the Second World War, the Polish communists of the PPR, which by the Soviet Union substantial was supported, fought for the supremacy in postwar Poland. They competed with the socialists of the PPS, which substantial of the state safety organs of the PolishCommunists and the Soviet Union were submitted, in order to make a communist seizure of power possible. Beside these parties there was still the PSL, a large farmer party, the FR, of the PPR a completely dependent farmer party, the SL, which likewise dependent on the PPR, and the SD was, another small party. The PPR tried to establish a uniform list of candidates with common candidates over the system of a choice block (“single list “). To the participation all parties (PPR, PPS, PSL, FR, SL, SD) were invited. InRun of the years Stalin became one of the entscheidensten arbitrators and interfered substantially into the Polish home policy. Communism and/or. Stalinismus was however only introduced after 1948. In the year 1948 the parties PPR and PPS of an obligation combination were submitted(similarly as from SPD and KPD to the SED), the PPS experienced substantial political cleanings, opponents of the new regime from a party and government offices was pushed. The new party was called now PZPR. Their guidance personalities were Bolesław Bierut and Władysław Gomułka.


After 1948 then the communist PZPR was the prominent and the government alone a determining party. There were as in the GDR also two “coalitions”: ZSL (a farmer party combined) and SD (a democratic party). In addition were also small catholicGroupings in the Sejm represent.

By the political turn 1989 developed an extremely various party nature, which remained subjected due to missing political and economic stability frequent changes.

In this situation ambitious individuals with own parties larger tried again and againGroups of voters behind itself to bring (e.g.KPN, ROP). The introduction of a 5-Prozent-Klausel for parties and/or. a 8-Prozent-Klausel for Wahlbündnisse in the year 1993 it ensured that these projects remained short-lived and that a concentration process within the party nature assignedhas: Left groupings collected themselves under the guidance of the SdRP in the SLD, liberals under the Führerung of the UD (liberty union) and right under the guidance of NSZZ “S” in the AWS, which stated the government coalition from 1997 to 2001.Since that time the decay of the AWS before the last Sejm elections was in the year 2001 and thereupon the following splintering of the civil camp connected with the ascent extreme rights the einschneidenste development.

Would list Polish parties

 

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