Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan

the Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan (Kurdish worker's party, labour party Kurdistans) is a Marxist Leninistic oriented organization, which enjoys large sympathies with at least parts particularly in Turkey , Iran , Iraq , Syria living Kurd, however internationally common as a terrorist organization applies.

The Kurdish worker's partyfights identical view to illegal, but from view of the sympathizing supporters legitimate methods also from Turkish and internationally as far as possible against in the extent disputed ignoring of the rights of the Kurds, as well as for the use of its language, and retaining its identity and culture. A goal thatKurdish worker's party is the establishment of its own Kurdish socialist national state in Turkish dividing southeast and Ostanatoliens.

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Web on the left of emergence coined/shaped into the 1960er years the political tendencyat the universities of Turkey. Abdullah Öcalan, the later founder of the Kurdish worker's party, followed 1970 of the controlling body DEV GENÇ. Due to the underestimation and/or. Denying the national rights of the Kurdish people on the part of kemalistisch affected Turkish linking, separated the group more and more fromthem. After Kemal jetty, one of the Turkish initial members of the Kurdish worker's party, gave it these already since 1972 existed in the beginning as political-ideological current, their activities in “intensive theoretical investigations and analyses and the development to its revolutionary line”. The step from the political-ideological group to one afteroutside arising organization beginning 1974 one carried out, when first concrete activities took place. From 1973 to 1978 this current/movement appeared as “Kürdistan Devrimcileri” (Kurdistan revolutionary) and expanded on different cities of Turkey. In the initial phase this group consisted particularly of young intellectual ones. To27. November 1978 was created the Kurdish worker's party officially in the village Fis with Lice in the province Diyarbakir (Kurdish Amed). A part of the fighters withdrew itself 1980 into areas of Lebanon controlled by Syria . In the Bekaa level in Lebanon the Mahsum Korkmaz academy becamewere based, trained in the fighters and fighter inside politically and militarily. By the Militärputsch of 12. September 1980 suffered the left one in Turkey a sensitive defeat, also many cadres of the Kurdish worker's party disappeared in the prisons, where they developed a strong resistance. Small groups beganfirst with developing for the Kurdish worker's party armed propaganda work under the rural population Kurdistans the Kurdish worker's party led first military actions to 15. August 1984 through, with which it won many trailers. In the Kurdish cities developed at the beginning of the 90's in the course of the Serhildans (risings of the people)a broad support of the armed forces. Of great importance one in the establishment phase was already the role of later Kurdish worker's party Secretary-General Abdullah Öcalan. This, 1947 in Halfeti with Urfa as a son of a farmer family become impoverished born, was just like most other command structures within Turkish intellectual linkingaround Dev Genc actively. Öcalan was active for at least 1972 in the “Ankara Devrimci Yüksek Ögrenim Dernegi” (ADYÖD, revolutionary university association Ankara). As only the Kurdistan Devrimcileri was Öcalan in the executive committee of ADYÖD. ADYÖD stood “at least partly in the tradition at the beginning of the decade created and from the Linkskemalismuscoming guevaristischen Guerillaorganisation THKP-C (a people release party of the Turkey front) “.

Structure

was led the Kurdish worker's party to beginning of the 90's of a central committee. Öcalan was as a chairman the head of the organization. The Kurdish worker's party subdivided itself into internal and external subsidiary organizations: „The Kurdish release units “(Hezen Rizgariya Kurdistane, HRK)the military arm of the Kurdish worker's party was to 1986. After the third congress of party of the Kurdish worker's party in Damascus „the Kurdish release army “(Artêşa Rizgariya Gelê Kurdistan, ARGK) replaced the HRK. Foreign arm of the Kurdish worker's party is the 1985 created „national liberation front Kurdistans “(Eniya Rizgariya Netewa Kurdistan, ERNK).

In one„The front and the party as mass movement to “paper with mentioned from the year 1988 the Kurdish worker's party the tasks described particularly in the European states active ERNK and supplies thereby a comprehensive description of the activities: Press conferences, occupations, recruiting, combat training, dispatch away of fighters into Turkey,logistic support, contact care to other groups, intelligence activities, counter-espionage and supply of financial support.

In the 90's the Kurdish worker's party in consequence of the massive connection of women developed a woman Mrs., parallel developed also Frauenorganistationen in Europe into the Guerillakräfte. The ERNK controlled further different subsidiary organizationsin western states. Different socialcultural combinations and information centers supplied at least political and moral and probably also financial support. That met 1993 in Germany and France imposed to prohibition the overall organisation, however she evaded since then with her activities into other countries.

Organizations in Germany, thosestand for the Kurdish worker's party close, are:

  • „Federation of Kurdish associations in Germany e. V. “(YEK-KOM)
  • „free youth movement Kurdistans “(TECAK)
  • „union of the free Mrs. “(YJA)
  • „union of the students from Kurdistan “(YXK)
  • „union of the Kurdish teachers “(YMK)
  • „union of the journalists Kurdistans “(YRK)
  • „union of the lawyers Kurdistans “(YHK)
  • „union thatWriter Kurdistans “(YNK)
  • „Islamic movement Kurdistans “(HIK)
  • „union of the Yeziden from Kurdistan “(YEK)
  • „union of Kurdish families “(YEK-MAL)
  • „union of the Aleviten from Kurdistan “(KAB)
  • „union of Kurdish employers “(KARSAZ)
  • „Kurdistan national congress “(KNK) seat in Brussels

1992 estimated the Turkish ministry of the Interior the number of the Kurdish worker's party fighters on 8,000.

Last developments

to 21. October 1998 came it in the Turkish city Ceyhan to two-day secret negotiations between Turkey and Syria. Turkey had threatened Syria with a military strike, should support Syria the far Kurdish Rebellenbewegeung Kurdish worker's party with weapons and money as well as logistically. Syriacommits itself thereupon to proceed and any support adjust in the country against the Kurdish worker's party.

To 15. February 1999 was kidnapped the chairman at that time of the Kurdish worker's party , Abdullah Öcalan of Kenya into Turkey. Beside the Greek government also the secret services of further states were involved in this kidnapping.In the Kurdish liberation movement applies the 15. February since then as a black day, which kidnapping Öcalans understood as international Komplott.

Contrary to expectations of many Öcalan in its address for the defense called the armed forces to the peace and dialogue and called themselves even, behindto withdraw the borders of Turkey. A threatening civil war, which many connoisseurs of Turkish policy had first feared, was missing. The Kurdish Guerilla withdrew itself to a large extent first and furnished in the north Iraq a defense area. The one-sided armistice held up to the 1. June 2004.

ThoseKurdish worker's party was dissolved 2002 and in its place to 4. April 2002 the KADEK (Kongreya Azadî û Demokrasiya Kurdistanê, liberty and congress of democracy Kurdistans) based. To the chairman still on the Turkish prison island the Imrali arrested Abdullah Öcalan selected.

In November 2003 solveditself also the KADEK up. Under the name KONGRA of GELS KURDISTAN (congress of people Kurdistan) a new organization was created, their outstanding feature the break with cadre philosophy is and their highest goal a peacefully democratic solution of the Kurdish question, as well as a democratization not only the own structures,but also the entire middle east represents.

In June 2004 the KONGRA GEL quit the one-sided armistice existing since 1999, since the Turkish government under the moderate Islamic AKP its opinion had developed no steps after the question Kurdish for a solution.

In Germanythe Kurdish worker's party was forbidden 1993 by the Federal Ministry of the Interior, first even as combination of terror. After a force waiver Öcalans was back-gradated it 1998 on “criminal combination “. To 21. October 2004 decided the Federal High Court that the leadership level had to be considered further as criminal combination,no longer however the organization as a whole, which had done without since 2000 political criminal offences such as consulate occupations. The Kurdish worker's party becomes among other things classified of following countries and organizations as a terrorist organization:The USA, Great Britain, Israel, Turkey, European union, UN. In Germany becomesit still of the protection of the constitution supervises.

To 05. September 2005 was forbidden by the Federal Ministry of the Interior the per-Kurdish newspaper Özgür Politika, since it was to be merged “into the overall organisation of the Kurdish worker's party”. The prohibition was again waived however by the Federal Administrative Court.

Reestablishment of the Kurdish worker's party

to 4. April 2005the reestablishment of the Kurdish worker's party admits given. The splitting off of the group had preceded around Osman Öcalan and Nizamettin the Taş of the Kongra gel. According to own statement the new Kurdish worker's party should be not like in former times a large organization with many subsidiary organizations, but itself on a smallGroup of approx. 300 persons within the coma Komalên Kurdistan (KKK) limit and particularly the theory formation actively its.

The PWD

after Osman Öcalan and some different from the central committee separated, has this group its own party opened, which is called PWD. Howeverthe responsible person of Turkey Hikmet Fidan, which was former member of the Kurdish HADEP party, was shot at the beginning of of 2005 in Diyarbakir. The murder is to go on the account of the Kurdish worker's party and would mean that the deviationists are to be liqidiert. In February 2006 Kani Yilmaz became, thatin former times responsibly for the activities of the Kurdish worker's party in Europe was killed, by an autobomb in Silemani.

Literature

Web on the left of

 

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