Pashmina is, a word colored by dialect for wool, originally originating from the Persian one. It became generally accepted first in the Nepalese and northIndian linguistic usage, later also internationally than name for broadly manufactured cloths, which are manufactured from a mixture by Kashmir wool (classical with a portion of 70% ) and silk (classical with a portion of 30%).
Particularly persistent keeps itself the rumor, it gives a “Pashmina wool”. This “Pashmina wool” originates from special mountain goats from the Himalaya (e.g. the Chyangra goat) and differ in it from the Kashmir. This statement is however simply wrong: Pashmina scarves are thus manufactured traditionally from usual Kashmir, the Unterfell (Brustflaum) of the Kashmir goat. The single fibers of the Kashmir are only 16-19Mikrometer thickly, so that they are hardly visible. The Kashmir must be expenditure-combed by hand and a goat has hardly more than 50 gram on their chest. Thus one needs for only one scarf (approx. 165 gr., approx. 95x210 cm) the Flaum of three to four animals.
The more highly the pasture reasons and the colder it is there, is the high-quality this fleece. The high country of Ladakh - geological part of the Tibetan high plateau - offers in addition ideal conditions: about 200 Nomaden guard here herds with altogether 50,000 animals. The best quality (scarves from such wool, worked easily, can be pulled by a marriage ring, therefore also the designation Ringschal) representatives of large producers already buy from the Nomaden on the pastures. The cost per kilogram amounts to scarcely 100 USD. In former times this happened in spring, if one out-combed to the goats the Winterflaum. Meanwhile the competition pressure is so large that already many already comb before beginning of winter.
In the German linguistic usage the term “Pashmina” had to hold in the last years for much abuse. Under the name “Pashmina” are sold in the meantime cloths of each design and quality - particularly from viscose rayon, polyester and other artificial fibers -.
In such cases it is a popular criminal mesh, the scarves not with “100% Kashmir” and/or. “70% Kashmir”, but with “100% Pashmina” and/or. To label “70% Pashmina”. This is made conscious, because Pashmina is not an indication of material permissible after the German textile marking right and a labelling fraud draws thus smaller criminal conclusions.
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