Passau

coat of arms map
Wappen von Passau Deutschlandkarte, Position von Passau hervorgehoben
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Bavaria
governmental district: Lower Bavaria
district: Circle-free city
surface: 69.72 km ²
inhabitants: 50.415 (30.September 2005)
population density: 725 inhabitants for each km ²
height: 294-443 m and. NN
postal zip codes: 94001 - 94036
preselections: 0851
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 48° 34 ' N, 13° 28 ' O
48° 34 ' N, 13° 28 ' O
Kfz characteristics: Pa
municipality key: 09 2 62 000
politics
mayor: Albert Zankl (CSU)
town councillor: CSU 18, SPD 12, ödp 5, FDP 2,
the GREEN 2, L.G. 2, other one 3

Passau is a circle-free city with 50.415 inhabitants in the governmental district Lower Bavaria at the border to Austria. It is three-river city” because of the confluence of the rivers Danube , Inn and Ilz and to “is therefore also called.

Table of contents

coats of arms

the coat of arms represents a red wolf on white sign . The origin of the coat of arms animal is not surely clarified. After the excessive quantity it decreases/goes back on bishop Wolfger von Ellenbrechtskirchen (short Wolfger of Erla, 1191 - 1204). As (prince) a bischöfliches coat of arms animal the wolf is however only starting from 1259/1264 provable.

As official coat of arms the red wolf is considered to the city then since 1432. Starting from 1300 it was however already common as official registered trade mark of the passauischen Messerer and Klinger. The oldest delivered seal of 1368, that the city patron pc. Stephan shows, carries also the red wolf in the small sign.

history

first celtic settlements already gave it in the La-Tène-time on the old part of town hill. The celtic settlement Boiodurum lain there became in the 1. after-Christian century of the Romans destroys. But the Romans on both sides of the Inns established one camp each. On the peninsula between Danube and Inn the castellet asking advice one established. The name comes from the Germanic mercenaries stationed there from the trunk of the Bataver. From asking advice gradually the today's name Passau developed. On the other Innseite developed the castellet Boiotro.

In the year 476 the Romans left the region. The Bajuwaren established a duke castle on the peninsula. In the year 739 Passau to the bishop seat, at this time was created also the monastery Niedernburg, which had large Ländereien in the catchment area of the Ilz. In the 11. Jh. there Gisela was, Schwester of the emperor Heinrich II. and widow of the king of Hungary Äbtissin. When from the emperor the lay rule became to transfer 999 over the city the Passauer bishop, the supremacy of the monastery ended.

In the first half 12. Century was important the Passauer forging handicraft. The city could praise itself to manufacture beside Solingen the hardest swords and arms.

1217 became Passau the prince diocese. The monastery Niedernburg, that the bishop 1161 of Friedrich I. Barbarossa was given, became the seat of the prince diocese. Passau kept 1225 municipal rights lent. There were several rebellions of the citizens against the rule of the prince bishops, last 1367/68, who failed however all together. On the other hand the diocese developed a considerable prosperity and woke again and again Begehrlichkeiten with the neighbours Bavaria and Austria.

Passau is also developing place of the Ausbunds, the oldest until today still with Ami used Gesangbuchs of the protest anti-mash. Its core collection developed between 1535 and 1540 in reads out the Passauer castle. The authors were arrested Täufer. Some of them deceased already during the shank. Most the caught Täufer suffered martyr death following the detention time. The printed first edition carries the title: Some beautiful Christian singing as Diesel-bend to Passau of Swiss brothers in the Gefenknus in the lock by göttliche grace poem and sung warden. HP. 139.

1552 were closed in the city of the Passauer contract, which was a Wegbereiter for tolerating the denominations in Augsburger the confessional peace.

The city was afflicted several times by inundations and fires. 1662 put a fire the entire city in debris and ash. Italian building masters (Carlone and Lurago) built the city thereafter and gave to the city its current südländisch seeming baroque appearance. Passport from time as independent principality it ended with the secularization 1803 whereby it came to Bavaria. 1821 became the city again bishop seat. Since 1978 Passau is university town. The university enjoys in particular within the ranges law and marketing and management of a outstanding, also international reputation.

Hochwasser in Passau 1954: Der Schaiblingsturm am Inn 4 - 5 m unter Wasser
Flood in Passau 1954: The Schaiblingsturm at the Inn 4 - 5 m under water
flood in Passau 1954: Port-resounds at the Danube

politics

2002 Albert Zankl (CSU) as successors of Willi Schmöller (SPD) to the mayor was selected. The town councillor builds itself up as follows:

The allocation of seats in the town councillor since 1996
year CSU SPD the Green FDP ÖDP /active Passauer REP FWG student for Passau boy list ÖDP /party-free environmentalists Passauer citizen list entirely election turnout
(in %)
1996 17 15 3 3 - 1 1 1 - 2 1 44 ?
2002 18 12 2 2 5 1 2 1 1 - - 44 56.3

each year takes place in Passau and environment political ashtray Wednesday . Up to the year 2003 the CSU held its meeting in the Nibelungenhalle , before she three-landresounded into the newly built at the outskirts of a town moved.

In Passau 1998 from protest against a conference of the NPD the Passauer in such a way specified action civil courage formed. It had the goal, the resistance approximately in Passau regularly taking place right-wing extremist meetings not only that mostly young people of the Antifa too left separates a broad population mass to mobilize. The PAZ should disturb the NPD conference by blockades (force-free compulsion) as well as, to the conference members the journey after Passau makes more difficult them the admission to the Nibelungenhalle (meeting place) to refuse. As different persons signed an appropriate call to the Passauer citizen as the Kabarettisten Bruno Jonas and Sigi room-separated, different town councilmen, trade union secretaries, restaurant operators/barkeepers, pupils and church representative, the Generalvikar of the diocese, the director/conductor of the Passauer of public utilities and the managing director of the slaughterhouse. In the long run one had to grant however the meeting right to the NPD conference members.

culture and objects of interest

Eine der recht steil ansteigenden Passauer Gassen
one the quite steeply rising Passauer lanes

townscape

the old part of town are on a narrow peninsula because of the confluence of Inn and Danube. The cathedral stands on a small hill, to both river bank partly drops the lanes in steep stairs.

The townscape has a nearly südländisches flair owing to Italian building masters and is coined/shaped by houses in the style of the Inn and salt oh building method. Beyond the two river bank the landscape in green hills rises. The city is towered above by the Veste upper house.

three-river city

to feet of the castle plant Niederhaus flows first the Ilz from left into the Danube and briefly thereafter from on the right of the Inn to the Danube. The water of the Inns, which comes from the alps, is green, that the Danube blue and the Ilz coming from a moorland black, so that the Danube exhibits a longer piece to the confluence three water colors (green/blue/black). Participates remarkable, how strongly the green water of the Inns pushes the water of the Danube aside. This hangs beside the occasional very large quantity of water of the Inns mainly with the strongly different depth of two waters (Inn: 1.90 meters/Danube: 6.80 meters) together - “the Inn rushes over the Danube”. The Inn in the annual average leads also about five per cent more water than the Danube; but this is due mainly to the strong floods of the Inns with the thaw, while the Danube exhibits a clearly more constant discharge. It leads most time of the yearly (seven months, Octobers until April) more water with itself than the inner ones.

Even if the optical impression suggests it thus to speak of the delta of the Danube in the Inn the naming Danube for the resulting river is further justified - not only by the length of the put back distances (Danube: 647 km/Inn: 510 km).

buildings worth seeing

the step Hans cathedral is seat of the Passauer of bishop. It goes back on a church, which already existed around 450. The bishop church is mentioned 730 for the first time documentary and is since 739 cathedral of the Diözese. Between 1280 and 1325 this was replaced by a earlygothical cathedral.

An East part in the lategothical style was cultivated from 1407 to 1560. In the city fire of 1662 the cathedral with exception of the outside walls of the East part was completely destroyed. The cathedral of Carlo Lurago was again established from 1668 to 1693, this time in the baroque style. On the inside are the stucco works of G.B. Carlone and the paintings of J.M. Particularly to mention Rottmayr in the side altars. The step Hans cathedral is northern the largest baroque cathedral of the alps. The cathedral organ, built in the years 1924 to 1928 arranged by the company Georg Friedrich Steinmeyer from Öttingen and then from 1978 to 1981 of the Passauer organ building firm Ludwig and Wolfgang Eisenbarth again, is with 17.774 whistles and 233 registers the largest cathedral organ of the world. Regularly organ concerts take place.

Step Hans cathedral

beside the cathedral is worth mentioning at the cathedral place, which forms the highest point of the old part of town, still the Lamberg palace; here 1552 the Passauer contract was closed.

On the Danube bank is the city hall from that 14. Jh. with its 38 meters high tower, which was added 1890. At the town hall square the Patrizerhaus of “savage man “accommodates the Passauer glass museum with exhibits world-famous “Böhmi glass”.

The parish church pc. Paul was mentioned for the first time documentary 1050; the today's building existence originates from the years 1663 to 1678.

In the brewing lane is the museum of modern art (MMK). His founder Hans George Wörlen (son of the painter Wörlen) remains faithful for the art and its museum also in his high age.

In the center the residence place with its Patrizierhäusern and the new Bischöflichen residence is appropriate for the old part of town. In the residence the cathedral treasure and diocesan museum are to be visited. In the center of the place is the Wittelsbacherbrunnen.

Pfarrkirche St. Paul
Parish church pc. Paul

worthwhile is a walk along the pictorial and sunny Innpromenade. There one goes past at the Schaiblingsturm, a round military tower, which was established in the Middle Ages for the protection of the salt port.

The Ludwig road and side streets form the pedestrian precinct with business and cafes. By far more mode business (H6M, Vero Moda…) are in the station road

Veste Oberhaus
Veste upper house

the other world of the Danube rise on a hill the powerful Veste upper house . It accommodates today among other things the city museum. Below the Veste, with it by a walk along the battlements connected, the Veste Niederhaus between Danube and Ilz, which is in private property, lies. Ajar against the castle mountain to the Ilzseite the former pilgrimage church Salvator stands.

The Ilzstadt opposite the old part of town lost by flood reorganization of the post-war period, which brought an outline to a whole house line with itself, strongly at historical substance. The Ilzstadt was originally a Fischer settlement and a place of transshipment for the salt trade after Böhmen.

Ilzaufwärts is the quarters neck, which is towered above by a pictorial castle ruin. The name comes from the situation at the “neck” the close Ilzschleife.

Der Zusammenfluss von Inn, Donau und Ilz ("Dreiflüsse-Eck")
The confluence of Inn, Danube and Ilz (“three-river-hit a corner”)

the other world of the Inns rises on a hill the pilgrimage church Maria-helps over the Innstadt. The barrier travel staircase covers 321 stages. In the Innstadt opposite the old part of town still parts of a Stadtmauer are to be seen beside the medieval Severinstor. Likewise in the Innstadt is the Roman museum with the Ausgrabungstätte of the Roman camp Boiotro. Worth mentioning is still the Severinskirche, which decreases/goes back in its foundations into late ancient times time.

Recommendable the view is mentioned by the Innsteg, by the population “Fünferlsteg” (designated after the earlier bridge duty of 5 Pfennig), on the old part of town. The bar connects itself the Innstadt with the university following on the opposite side of the Inns to the old part of town. The Nikolakloster represents the oldest part of the 1978 created University of Passau with today 8000 students.

culture

the theatre in the Fürstbischöflichen opera house (city theatre Passau) is seat of the concert hall of the southeastBavarian city theatre. The play has its seat in land hat.

Since 1953 the festivals take place “European weeks”. From US officers it was created the first festival in postwar Germany the European thought used up themselves. Today are not the festivals any longer to exclude from the Reigen of the European festivals. Each year come in the festival time hochkarätige artists, like for example Krzysztof Penderecki or the deceased lord Yehudi Menuhi, in addition, politician out completely Europe to Passau and environment. Because with the case of the iron curtain the numerous meetings take place now no longer only in southeast Bavaria and upper Austria, but also Südböhmen. Since 1995 are the festivals under the directorship of Dr. Pankraz Frhr. v. Freyberg, which aligns it since then thematically (e.g. 2005: For “) in the 70's a small art

and a Kabarettistenszene with the executioner house in the milk lane , which admit beyond the city became, developed sun, moon and stars”. The executioner stage set at that time a Gegenpol for the smallcivil-conservative atmosphere of the city and led to strong polarization in the population. Since 1983 on the occasion of the Passauer Kabarett days annually one is lent the most important German Kabarettpreise the “executioner hatchet “. To the most well-known winners Hape Kerkeling ( 1983) belong, to Urban Priol (1986) and Günter green forest (1988).

A further opening brought the university with students out completely to Germany and the foreign country. From the time of the national socialism the coming Nibelungenhalle, venue of the political one ashtray on Wednesdays the CSU from 1975 to 2003, in February/March 2004 one tore off. In its place a modern city center is to develop including hotel, department store and large cinema. Successor of the Nibelungenhalle is the newly built three-landresounds.

There are justified references that the Nibelungenlied originates from Passau or its environment. Thus Passau can call itselfNibelungenstadt “.

At people celebrations there is the three-day-long Haferlfest beside the Maidult and the Herbstdult in September in the Ilzstadt in July and the two-day every two years taking place citizen celebration in the old part of town in June. Secrettap is the island celebration, which, taking place annually in the local part neck, as the name it takes place suggest, on an island in the Ilz.

sons and daughters of the city

twin cities

Passau maintains with the following cities partnerships.

took over

sponsorship the city Passau 1961 the sponsorship for the refugees of the Böhmerwaldes, which was expropriated and driven out due to the Benesch decrees 1945.

traffic

of the 1860 established main station Passau is today a frontier station between the nets of the German course (railways AG) and the Austrian Federal Railroads (ÖBB). By the motorway A3 Passau is tied up to the cities Regensburg and Linz. The motorway A94 to Munich was not finished so far yet. By the three rivers in Passau only the Danube is navigable.

economics

  • the Eterna mode GmbH is a textile enterprise with approximately 800 coworkers
  • Thyracont is a manufacturer of measuring and automatic control
  • the ZF Passau GmbH (in former times gear factory Passau), subsidiary companies of ZF Friedrichshafen, has 3462 coworkers and is according to own instructions the manufacturers of propulsion technology, leading world-wide.
  • The society for communication research ltd. is software - enterprise with 215 coworkers
  • COMM university gate is a communication enterprise with 175 coworkers
  • software development and consulting house msg system AG operates in Passau an office also over 300 coworkers
  • the group of publishing houses of Passau, publishers of the local daily paper Passauer new one press, has European-wide 6500 coworkers.
  • In Passau there are five breweries. There is:
    • the Hacklberger brewery
    • the Innstadt brewery
    • lion-brew Passau
    • of the Peschlbräu Passau and
    • the Andorfer of the white beer brewery

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Wiktionary: Passau - word origin, synonyms and translations



 

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