life and work
Claudel grew in the rural Picardie employee of the land survey office positivistic thinking as a son one enlightened up -up and its Paris tradition High Schools edge of Louis putting spent last school years on that. With 18 years it had an arousing experience with the Weihnachtsmesse cathedral Notre-Dame Paris in that and was away creditor catholic.
After conclusion of a study to the École libre of the Sciences of politiques, during itsit already poems wrote and to the circle around Mallarmé belonged, remembered it to study eastern languages; it applied however for training as a diplomat in the consular service, in which it was conscientiously active up to its retirement. 1893 to 95 was it asDiplomat in the USA, 1895 to 1909 in China and afterwards shorter in each case time in Germany, Brazil and Denmark actively. (1921-27) he worked afterwards again in Japan and the USA (1927-33) as well as finally still in Belgium.
The literary work very extensive despite its moved existenceAbove all Claudels, for which he reserved the first hours of his working day in each case, covers lyric poetry, philosophical Essayisti - affects strongly of its Far East stays - and plays, which he wrote in a pathetisch lyric language and through renouncement of an exciting action. In the center mostly the motive is locatedthe itself on sacrificing in the sense of a religiously inspired moral.
The most well-known and most frequently specified piece is L'Annonce playing that 1911/12 written in the Middle Ages faite à Marie (Maria Verkündigung). Became also those to some extent admits nearly six decades (1812 to 1869) spanning Trilogie L'Otage (thoseHostage) 1909, Le Pain dur (hard bread) 1914 and Le Père humilié (the humiliated father) 1916. As his Hauptwerk is considered however in Spanish 16. Jh. settled Le Soulier de satin (the seidene shoe) 1925, an immensely long, the sum of Claudels thinking presentingDrama, which only 1943 in one of it and the director Jean Louis Barrault gerafften strongly version to the performance came. As dear savingist Claudel in the dramatic Oratorium Jeanne stepped out d'Arc outer more bûcher .
Its works were affected by the work of the philosopher and Literaturnobelpreisträgers Henri Bergson.
Claudel became very estimated into the 1920er to 40's years in the catholic environment, in addition, by other readers and evaluated by the literature criticism highly and 1946 with the admission into the Académie Française recompence. After the Second World War it came slowly into oblivion.
Inlast time seem young directors again in Claudels work to be interested. Thus for instance Lars oils compiled whale castle in Basel or Jossi Wieler to the resident of Munich chamber plays productions of its pieces.
having a lasting effect
- a cycle 14 water colors of the artist Erwin Bossanyi to Claudels Verkündigungis in the possession of the pc. Annen museum in Luebeck.
Web on the left of
|Wikiquote: Paul Claudel - quotations|
- articles in “names, titles and data franz. Literature " (source)
- Biblioweb: Biografie, Bibliografie (French)
- Mémorial rivets Ichy Ryu
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||French writer and diplomat|
|DATE OF BIRTH||6. August 1868|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Villeneuve sur Fère, France|
|DYING DATE||23. February 1955|
|DYING PLACE||Paris, France|