Pauly Wissowa (shortened P. - W.), also Pauly Wissowa Kroll or usually simply only RH are the common abbreviations for Paulys Realencyclopädie of the classischen antiquity science, an extensive and comprehensive encyclopedia to the antique one.
Table of contents
„the Ur “- Pauly
August Friedrich Pauly justified 1837 the material Encyclopädie of the classischen Alterthumswissenschaft in alphabetical order (6 volumes in 7 volumes, until 1852). Originally Gymnasial professor Pauly wanted to create only one aid for teachers and pupils. For its work it won 17 co-authors. The eastern peripheral areas were regarded only if there were Greek or latin sources in addition. After death Paulys set Ernst Christian roll and William victory mouth Teuffel its work away, won more coworker and brought the Pauly in such a way on a more scientific level. Edge cultures and the Byzantinistik were now more strongly considered. 1864 - 1866 began Teuffel on suggestion of the Metzlerverlages, where the Pauly appeared, with a revision of the first volume. Many new realizations had accumulated already at that time, so that the first volume in the treatment now in 2 volumes appeared. Further revisions were not planned, so that the project was only continued with the revision by George Wissowa. At the end „ the Ur consisted “- Pauly thus of 8 volumes.
Beside the work of a Leopold of climb, Johann Gustav Droysen and Theodor Mommsen put to Pauly with his encyclopedia the basis for the primacy of the German antiquity sciences, which was only lost through the racial policy of the Nazis and the Second World War. The Pauly was already in the first form a epochales masterpiece, which was not only impact for the following working on, but also for other encyclopedias, like Lübkers material encyclopedia of the classical antiquity.
on basis of the Ur-Pauly became of George Wissowa starting from 1890 Paulys Realencyclopädie of the classischen antiquity science. New treatment. Under co-operation of numerous specialized comrades given change of George Wissowa [later…] continued of William Kroll and Karl central house again given change. The RH is the most comprehensive reference book of the antiquity sciences, the sciences of history and related sciences.
The project should be final after original planning within ten years; it became actual 78 years, in which four further publishers Wissowas work continued: William Kroll (1906-1939), Karl central house (1939-1946), Konrat Ziegler (1946-1974) and Hans's gardner (1974-1980). First the encyclopedia in the publishing house appeared J.B. Metzler, later in the publishing house pressure Mueller. Today all rights are again with the Metzler publishing house.
Since it was fast foreseeable that the goal as was not being reached fast as accepted was begun and one feared to endanger the work in its whole 1914 (these volume appeared parallel to the first Supplementband) with a second row, which began with the letter R.
The Pauly Wissowa exists after the conclusion the New edition, which took place 1978, from 66 half volumes and 15 Supplementbänden; in addition a register comes enters afterwards and Supplementbände, which originates from the year 1980 (in it among other things an appreciation of the work Konrat Zieglers of Hans's gardner). Likewise 1980 appeared in the USA an index of John P. Murphy. finally 1997 a total register in two parts (alphabetical and systematic part) appeared, 2000 a systematic special and search register on CD-ROM.
Each article of the RH was written by experts recognized for this topic, whereby some articles have the character of smaller Monographien due to the length almost already (legendarily for instance Matthias Gelzers Cicero is as a politician); some articles appeared then also as separate special edition. However a set of article meanwhile already again became outdated - cannot surprise which in view of a work, which persisted three generations. Many biographic articles over persons of the Roman republic come for instance from Friedrich Münzer; for late ancient times Otto Seeck, William Ensslin and Adolf Lippold ( also for the KlP wrote several articles) wrote some the most important articles.
Although the state of research is not representative the RH in far parts any more for the modern research, the RH is a basic work outdated in their whole. However the use for the layman is somewhat problematic, as for instance the classification of Roman personalities under its Gentilnamen or the classification of the old-Greek Lemmata in Greek language and writing. In principle one can say: Which admits during the alphabetically sequential draft of the volumes of the RH up over the antique one was, is to be found also there. One was not only later discovered for topics or persons to look in vain, it is, her.
Berne pool of broadcasting corporations Kytzler wrote 2. February 1979 in the time: No other subject of the Geisteswissenschaften has to show an approximately equivalent general large documentation; no other country possesses such a sum of its knowledge in its language over the old person world. - As lexical achievement the monumental large expenditure remains a singular merit/service. It offers a certification of German gel honouring SAMness, which will have to be admired as a perhaps unwiederholbares monument of cooperating meticulousness and perseverance, sense of sharp and knowledge abundance, tenacity and determination even from later generations to. Or with the words Wolfgang Schullers: The RH [...] is an unequalled complete work, of which it is actually a miracle that it despite the disasters 20. Century to be terminated could (in: Introduction to the history of the antiquity. Ulmer, Stuttgart 1994, S. 140).
the small Pauly (KlP)
on the basis of the Pauly Wissowa developed in the years 1964 to 1975 the small Pauly. Encyclopedia of the antique ones. On basis of Pauly's material encyclopedia of the classischen antiquity science under co-operation numerous specialized scholar given change of Konrat Ziegler, roll ago Sontheimer and Hans's gardner in five volumes. The articles were again-written by recognized specialists ( for instance Manfred wagoner , Adolf Lippold , Michael of Albrecht , Heinz barking , Dietz Otto Edzard , Werner iron hat , Hans's George Gundel , Otto Hiltbrunner , Ernst Meyer , Fritz Schachermeyr , Ernst Günther Schmidt , roll ago Sontheimer u.v.a.) and provided with newer literature data (those certainly in the meantime are also partly outdated). Despite the age the small Pauly acquired itself a good reputation as reliable reference book, whereby however the state of research partly became outdated; positive is also the source proximity of most articles. To note one must that it enters afterwards such at the end of each volume corrections and gives and at the end of the last volume for all previous volumes follows additionally again.
Differently than the large brother, the RH, dedicates itself the small Pauly to by far intensive peripheral areas of the classical antiquity science, like the Christianity, the Altorientalistik or the Byzantinistik.
Due to the spreading of this encyclopedia it worked satisfactorily in the research to use in principle the abbreviation listing of the small Pauly. In addition persons are in this encyclopedia different than registered in the Pauly Wissowa under the name, under which them admit are. Thus one opens antique personalities, whom one does not know over the small Pauly the names. As example: Marcus Tullius Cicero stands in the small Pauly under his well-known name Cicero, in the RH under its Gentilnamen Tullius.
In the German paperback publishing house appeared the KlP in an inexpensive expenditure for PAPER baking. Who is concerned vocationally with the study of the antique ones, hardly comes around around the acquisition of the KlP.
the new Pauly (DNP)
1996, after one had reacquired all rights at the RH, one began in the J.B. Metzler publishing house to publish a new encyclopedia to the antique one: The new Pauly. Encyclopedia of the antique ones was born.
Differently than its predecessors the new Pauly places also the classical antique one into the center, however one extended the spectrum considerably. The roots and bases of the Greek-Roman world in the old-eastern and Egyptian cultures were now referred more in detail, like also reciprocal effects with the neighboring nations and cultures; likewise the Byzantinistik was included. Also the transformation of the old persons world in the context of late ancient times is more strongly considered, whereby the treated time to 600 was expanded beyond that and. Late ancient times had been treated quite already in the RH and in the KlP, but take the epoch now, the interest of research grown strongly accordingly, more area.
The special at the new Pauly is that here the treatment of the antique ones did not only find their place, but that also completely particularly volumes were conceived to the Antikenrezeption (rezeptions and science history). Completely typically for the publication of a Paulys one transferred oneself in the conception of the work. Originally it was planned to publish 12 volumes encyclopedia of the antique ones 3 volumes for Rezeption and register volume. However it became at the end instead of 16 volumes 19. And still one had not reached everything, what one wanted. Therefore 2004 appeared the first Supplementband, further (for the time being 6) is in preparation. In the meantime also on an English version of the new Pauly one works (Brill ′ s new Pauly), which appears since 2002.
Differently than its predecessor, was published the new Pauly decentralized, i.e., beside the two publishers stroke ore Cancik and Helmuth cutters gave it to field of activity publisher, who could work on their fields of activity more or less independently. That was a quite wanted result - differently than with the RH, which described a Classi antiquity science still in the title only, one carried the Aufsplitterung into many different subsections of the antiquity sciences calculation. The fields and their publisher are:
- Old history: Walter Eder; Karl Ludwig Elvers
- Christianity: Rudolf Brändle
- Greek philology: Glenn W. Most
- historical Geografie: Kind of hitting a corner oil living
- Judentum, eastern Christianity and Byzantine culture: Johannes Niehoff
- classical archaeology: Christoph peak (architectural history); Dietrich Willers (special culture and history of art)
- culture history: Gerhard binder
- latin philology and Rhetorik: Jörg Rüpke
- medicine: Vivian groove clay/tone
- military affairs: Helmuth cutter
- music: Frieder Zaminer
- mythology: Lutz Käppel; Christine forest
- natural science and technology: Christian Hünemörder
- Orientalistik: Hans Jörg Nissen; Johannes Renger
- philosophy: André Laks
- right: Gottfried ski man
- social - and restaurant economics: Helmuth cutter
- religion: Andreas Bendlin; Christine forest
- linguistics: Bernhard Forssmann
- text science: Hans's Christian Günther
- science history: Helmuth cutter
of acting publishers of the prescription ion volumes: Manfred of landfirm
- Rezeption - age Orient: Johannes Renger
- Rezeption - educating natures: Peoples Riedel
- Rezeption - Komparistik and literature: Maria Moog Grünewald
- Rezeption - art and architecture: Berthold Hinz
- Rezeption - countries: Peoples Riedel; Bernhard Zimmermann
- Rezeption - medicine: Vivian groove clay/tone
- Rezeption - music: Frieder Zaminer
- Rezeption - natural science and technology: Christian Hünemörder
- Rezeption - philosophy: Margita wreath/ring
- Rezeption - historical jurisprudence: Filippo Ranieri
- Rezeption - religion: Fritz count
- Rezeption - linguistics: Bernhard Forssmann
- Rezeption - state theory and politics: Beat Näf
- Rezeption - science and culture history: Manfred landfirm
in different reviews some points were criticized, as for instance partly not the comprehensible selection of the literature data and the quality of some contributions, to which one marks every now and then the date pressure, under that it developed. Positively the illustrations and maps know as well as „roof articles “to spreading topics such as architecture, religion, Sexualität etc. are noted. Also modern terminologies and modern research trends are more strongly considered. By the new Pauly neither the RH nor the small Pauly were really replaced nevertheless, even if it can altogether quite serve despite the very different quality of the articles for first orientation over a topic.
those first sieve Supplementbände present in work concern themselves with the following topics:
- Volume 1: Ruler chronologies of the antique world. 2004, ISBN 3-476-01912-8
- volume 2: History of the antique texts. 2006, ISBN 3-476-02030-4
- volume 3: Historical Atlas of the antique world. 2007, ISBN 3-476-02031-2
- volume 4: Register to the rezeptions and science history. 2005, ISBN 3-476-02051-7
- volume 5: Mythenrezeption. 2008, ISBN 3-476-02032-0
- volume 6: Scholarly one and scientist of the classical antiquity sciences (14. - 20. Jhd.). 2010, ISBN 3-476-02033-9
- volume 7: Komparatistik of the antique ones, 2009, ISBN 3-476-02034-7
- Johannes Irm: A century enterprise came to the conclusion, the Pauly Wissowa. In: Philologus. 129.1985, S. 133–142.
- Udo W. Scholz: The Breslauer classical philology and the material encyclopedia of the classical antiquity science. In: Yearbook of the Schlesi Friedrich William university to Breslau. Degener, new city Aisch 62.2001-64.2003, S. 311–326.
Web on the left of
- very detailed discussion of all three encyclopedias
- scarcer review of the new Pauly
- FU Berlin: References to the use of the RH
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