Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania
flag coat of arms/seal
Karte der USA, Pennsylvania hervorgehoben

other Federal States

base data
pointed name: The key clay/tone State
capital: Harrisburg
largest city: Philadelphia
surface
rank (within the USA): 33
altogether: 119,283 km ²
country: 116,074 km ²
water (%): 3,208 km ² (2.7%)
inhabitant
rank(within the USA): 6
altogether (2000): 12.281.054
density: 106/km ²
member state
place: 2
since: 12. December 1787
geography
time belt: Eastern: UTC-5/-4
degree of latitude: 39°43'N to 42°N
degree of longitude: 74°43'W to 80°31'W
broad: 255 km
length: 445 km
highest situation: 979 m
average situation: 335 m
deepest situation: 0 m
politics
governor: Edward Rendell
abbreviations
postal: Pa
officially:
ISO 3166-2: US-PA

Pennsylvania [ˌpɛnsɪlˈveɪnɪə] and/or German Pennsylvanien (lat. for „Penns Waldland “), official name” Commonwealth OF Pennsylvania “, is a Federal State designated after William Penn in the east of the USA. It borders in the east on new jersey, in the southeast on Delaware, in the south on Maryland,in the southwest at west Virginia, in the west at Ohio and in the north at New York and the Eriesee.

Table of contents

history

Karte Pennsylvanias
map Pennsylvanias

Pennsylvania the settlement area of the Susquehannock exterminated by Irokesen and European Kolonisten was original. 1643 established themselves the first settlers coming from Sweden. Later it arrived under control from England. King Charles II. lent at William Penn, there Quäker settled a possession document for the area of the today's state .

The city Philadelphia is called cradle of the nation: the American declaration of independence and the condition of the USA were signed here.

Since the outgoing 19.Jahrhundert, as important oil fieldswere discovered, grew the heavy industry steadily. For the Kohleförderung and the steel industry many workers were needed, so that the state attracted many immigrants from Europe. Since the fall of the heavy industry Pennsylvania undertakes large efforts to accomplish the necessary structural change.

See also List of the governors von Pennsylvania

population

Pennsylvania is with 103 Einwohnern/km ² one to seals settled Federal States of the USA.

About 88 per cent of the inhabitants white ones and 9 per cent are are afroamerikanischer origin. The Federal State became oneCenter of German-speaking immigrants, the Pennsylvania Dutch, among them Mennoniten and Ami. These established themselves particularly in the south, particularly in the Lancaster County. Berks County became in 18. Century of Evangelist Germans settles predominantly.

Geografie

the main river by the country is called Allegheny River. Starting from Pittsburgh the river is called Ohio River. Pennsylvania is coined/shaped by hardwood forests and hill country. In the east of the country one finds the low mountain range of the Appalachen.

In the south of the Federal Statethe archaeologically interesting excavation place Meadowcroft lies.

largest cities

city County inhabitant
1. April of 2000
inhabitants
1. July 2004
Philadelphia Philadelphia 1.517.550 1.470.151
Pittsburgh Allegheny 334,563 322,450
Allentown Lehigh 106,632 106,732
Erie Erie 103,717 103,925
Reading Berks 81,207 80,727
Scranton Lackawanna 76,415 73,928
Bethlehem Bethlehem 71,329 72,441
Lancaster Lancaster 56,348 55,182
Altoona Blair 49,523 47,832
Harrisburg Harrisburg 48,950 47,635
Wilkes Barre Luzerne 43,123 41,559
York York 40,862 40,043
State college Centre 38,420 39.311
Chester Delaware 36,854 36,922
Bethel park Allegheny 33,556 32,670
Norristown Montgomery 31,282 30,873
Williamsport Lycoming 30,706 30,175
Monroeville Monroeville 29,349 28,486
Plum Allegheny 26,940 26,684
new Castle new Castle 26,309 25,308
Easton Easton 26,263 26,267
Lebanon Lebanon 24,461 23.925


See also list of the cities in Pennsylvania

to sport

it gives to two well-known ice hockey - teams: In Pittsburgh the Pittsburgh Penguins and in Philadelphia the Philadelphia of Flyers. In addition there the basketball is - crew that Philadelphia 76ers, those Football - crews Philadelphias Eagle and the Pittsburgh Steelers, in addition the baseball - crews Philadelphias Phillies and Pittsburgh Pirates resident.

Web on the left of

Commons: Pennsylvania - pictures, videos and/or audio files


 

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