Peter Dennis Mitchell

Peter Dennis Mitchell (* 29. September 1920 in Mitcham (Surrey, England); † 10. April 1992 in Bodmin (Cornwall, England) was a British chemist, who received 1978 the Nobelpreis for chemistry for its research for the energy gain of the cells.

It studied Cambridge at the university and received there to 1950 the doctor degree. From 1955 to 1963 he was a director of the department for chemistry and biology at zoo-logical Institut of the University of Edinburgh. 1954 he became a director of research of the Glynn Research Laboratories.

It studied the Mitochondrien, the “power stations” of the living cell. He formulated the chemistry-osmotic theory, which was fought as “Mitchell hypothesis” long time disputed and partly violently. In the meantime Mitchells discovery of the chemistry-osmotic coupling is an important cornerstone of modern life sciences. She explains, how cells and Zellorganellen in the breathing chain win the energy for the transformation of Adenosindiphosphat (ADP) in adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

see also

study of the ATP Synthase


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