Pfalz (Weinbaugebiet)

Weinbaugebiete in Germany: No. 8, the narrow yellowish strip, is the largest pfälzische viticulture region, the Haardt.
Weinbaugebiet Pfalz (gelb) mit der Deutschen Weinstraße (grün)
Quality wines are cultivated and filled up to Weinbaugebiet Pfalz (yellow) with

the German crying race (green ) in the German Weinbaugebiet Pfalz, which are called Pfalzweine.

Table of contents

overview

topography

the Pfalz is a region in South West German country in the south of the Land of the Federal Republic Rhineland-Palatinate.

Wine is cultivated to the level between the Rhine and the Haardtgebirge, which form the eastern edge of the Pfälzer of forest almost exclusively at the west edge of the Vorderpfalz . There, at the transition between flat country and low mountain range, the narrow, broad hill country of the Haardt is appropriate for maximally 15 km on 120 to 150 m height. By this Weinbaugebiet, whose length amounts to about 85 km, the German crying race pulls itself from north to south.

West the northern border of the Haardt to Rhinehesse lies the Zellertal, which belongs to the Nordpfalz and constitutes surface-moderately the largest area, which except the Haardt among the Weinbaugebiet Pfalz ranks. Other parts of the Nordpfalz in the Alsenz and Glantal were slammed shut dam Weinbaugebiet close one.

climate

special the Vorderpfalz possesses ideal climatic conditions for the viticulture:

First it exhibits with the mildesten temperatures in Germany. The middle yearly temperature is with 10 °C, the average temperature in the summer with 20°C, in the winter with 0°C.

In addition it comes that the Rhine level is protected against larger cool air break-downs by the mountains including it to a large extent. With the Hanglagen of the Haardt besides the danger of frost damages after drove out the vines in the spring minimized, because in the nights developing cool air does not remain lying over the vineyards, but to the level to glide can.

In addition the Haardtgebirge in the west protects in its Lee which was the pfälzische Weinbaugebiet with southwest or west weather conditions too much precipitation, in new city because of the crying race z. B. the annual quantity does not even amount to 500 mm.

history and name

the common grape vine came with the Romans briefly to the turn of an era also into the Pfalz. Their further history covers itself with that of the remaining German Weinbaugebiete, as it is to be reread under viticulture.

After the end of the napoleonischen era 1815 the Pfalz was administered starting from 1816 by Bavaria first asRhine circle “and designated later for the distinction of the Upper Palatinate until the Second World War than „Rheinpfalz “. Before this historical background „Rheinpfalz “long time stood also for the pfälzische Weinbaugebiet. Since that 27. August 1993 reads the name for this cultivation area, the designation of the region following, likewise „Pfalz “.

organization

original was three-divided the Haardt, the largest pfälzische Weinbaugebiet. From south to north it was divided into upper, central and Unterhaardt. Around 1970 central and Unterhaardt were folded up as Mittelhaardt German crying race, from the Oberhaardt became the southern crying race. Thus the Weinbaugebiet consists only of two parts equal in size:

  • There the range begins Mittelhaardt German crying race, which within the city new city as well as the district bath Dürkheim extend and end at the border to Rhinehesse.

soils

the soils to the Haardt consist throughout of mixtures of sand, loam and clay/tone, however the portions change. The soils at the southern crying race are generally considered because of their higher content of loam as more nutrient-rich and thus than heavier than those within the range Mittelhaardt German crying race. Their lighter soils are more permeable for water and cause that the roots of the Weinstocks stand rather in the dry one, whereby the surrounding earth layer can warm up more strongly and lastingly. This circumstance is made responsible for the fact that the vines of the Südpfalz bring higher yield, while the pfälzischen premium wine places are to be found more between new city and bath Dürkheim.

Rebsorten

Weinberge bei Hambach an der Weinstraße
of vineyards with Hambach at the crying race

weisswein

prominent Rebsorte with the Pfälzer weisswein is for a long time the Riesling, which brings durable and bekömmliche, every now and then acid-stressed wines out. The easy knowing and the moderately severe Grauburgunder lately strongly increased their market share, while the long time loses successful breeding Kerner again. Also Silvaner as old Rebsorte and Mueller Thurgau (Rivaner) as younger come ever more into the Hintertreffen. In addition regionally admit are Gewürztraminer, Morio Muskat and shyness vine.

red wine

prominent red wine places of the Pfalz was long time the undemanding Portugieser. Today he is cultivated purposefully for Schoppenwein and Weissherbste. In the course of the quality improvement the Spätburgunder makes competition increasing for it. Enormous increases registers also the thorn fields, which became however because of its advantages as early ripe and colorintensive mass carrier mode places. Further red sorts, which are cultivated to considerable extent, are regent, pc. Laurent, Schwarzriesling, Heroldrebe, Acolon, Cabernet Sauvignon as well as Merlot.

viticulture municipalities

the viticulture driving municipalities are to be inferred from the article viticulture municipalities in the Pfalz.

literature

  • M. F. Mangold: The Pfalz in the glass - the leader to the best wine situations and into the cellars of the region. To Höma publishing house, open brook with Landau 2005

see also

German crying race | Haardt | Pfalz | Red wine | Wine | Viticulture | Weinbaugebiet | Common grape vine | Weisswein

Web on the left of


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)