minister is a term for a person, who with the line of services, used in Christian churches and communities, which seelsorglichen support and usually also the line of a municipality is entrusted. In the catholic church meetsthe latter always too, since here straight this differentiates the minister from the Nichtpfarrer. Instead of the line of a municipality a minister can take over however also another, special service (see below). The two large churches in Germany regulate the rights and obligationsthe minister and (in the Evangelist church also minister inside) by church law (minister public service employment law), which orients itself to a large extent at the national official right and at the careers of secondary school teachers.

A minister dresses a Pfarramt and is accordingly a office holder.

Because (catholic) the ministerthe director/conductor of a Pfarrei is or was, always designates the term minister the office. Dahingegen is the term minister a title. A minister is therefore not always also a minister. A minister carries the title minister, if he a place inMunicipality service holds.

The term city minister is a today rare used title and/or. an address for the leading minister of a Pfarre within a city. Today (more leading) a Stadtdechant (Roman catholic) becomes frequent and/or in large cities. Stadtdekan (Evangelist) appointed, occasionally with the titles Propst or Superintendent.

Its position and tasks depend on the denomination : in the Evangelist churches and the old-catholic church the minister is selected, in the Roman-catholic church he by the bishop is usually appointed of the municipality. Generally can one say that tasks within the range of the service, the order for education of the church and the Seelsorge are incumbent on it as well as in practice usually also within the range of the gemeindlichen building and administrative activity. In the Evangelist churches it is always a ordinierter theologian,in the catholic, anglikanischen and orthodox church a particularly geweihter priest. (After Evangelist understanding all Gläubigen is qua baptism priest, i.e. Humans with direct entrance to God and in particular the authority to assign sins therefore a its own is unnecessaryPriesterweihe.). Catholic ministers are committed to the Zölibat as priests, must live thus unmarried.

Apart from the effective range within a local municipality (Pfarrei; in Austria: Pfarre) work ministers also in other institutions: School minister, hospital minister, prison minister, director/conductor of karitativer mechanisms, student/university minister, study leader onAcademies, economics and social ministers, Betriebsseelsorger, military ministers, police ministers, television ministers, medium ministers, circus ministers or looking plate ministers.

The word “minister” has its origin in the Greek designation” parochia “, which means a district or an area (originally also within the lay range usually), so that that“Minister” the “Pfarr (h) it (r) n” of an area, a “Parochie” explains.

see also

Web on the left of


  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)