Pfingsten (von griech. pentekosté (heméra) „the fünfzigste (day) “) designates the celebration tofünfzigsten day after Easter (corresponds to that 10. Day after Christi Ascension Day). The Pfingstfest developed from the Jewish Schawuot (week celebration). As Christian celebration Whitsuntide is mentioned for the first time in the year 130. Its theological cornerstone are the delegation of the holy spirit, as it is described in the Apostelgeschichte (chapter 2 ) of the new will, and the official establishment of the church.
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Whitsuntide as religious celebration
the Pfingstfest, also designation as „birthday of the church “, is coined/shaped by special religious celebrations. It is both its own church celebration, at which coming the holy spirit is celebrated, and at the same time the solemn conclusionthe Osterzeit. Whit-monday was maintained in some countries as the second holiday and remainder of the former Pfingstoktav, ranks however (according to today's Roman-catholic order) liturgically no more among the Osterzeit, but already to the yearly circle.
To the church celebrations that belongsPrayer around coming the holy spirit into the Pfingstnovene. The high-strength extends of the Vesper the previous evening up to the Vesper at the Pfingstsonntag. To the liturgical characteristics in the solemn service of the Roman-catholic Liturgie the singing of the Pfingstsequenz belongs Veni, Sancte white spirits (come, holy spirit), one of altogether five sequences in the rite, remained.
Whitsuntide as social holiday
Whitsuntide is nowadays rather popular in Germany as church coined/shaped celebration. In many regions exist Pfingstbräuche, so for example the Pfingstbaumpflanzen in the Lüneburger heath, in Mecklenburg decorating the Pfingstochsen or the Wäldchestag in Frankfurt/Main. Many groups of young people accomplish Pfingstzeltlager. On the citadel in Mainz annually that finds Open ear festival with Kabarett, forums and live concerts approximately around „a topic “(2005: „Women “) instead of.
Whit-monday is a legal holiday in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. In Germany trade associations 2005 demanded its abolishment. All parties represented in the Bundestagwith exception of the FDP trade unions discussion themselves against this suggestion just like the churches and. In France the attempt of the government is Raffarin to make it 2005 for the first time the unpaid holiday failed because of the resistance of the population. A government spokesmanit expressed itself in such a way to the fact that an examination of the law had to be made, whether it can remain after these experiences thereby. In Sweden whit-monday was abolished as holiday in the year 2005. Instead is starting from the same year of the 6. June SwedishNational holiday, also a legal and thus work-free holiday. In Italy whit-monday was abolished some years ago as legal holiday.
- Christel Dhom: Our spring and Osterbuch. With children experience the course of the year from carnival to Whitsuntide; Stuttgart: Publishing house free spirit life, 2004; ISBN 3-7725-2025-1
- Jens Herzer: Easter, Ascension Day, Whitsuntide, Christmas. What do we know about the origins of the Christianity?; Focus: ThoseBible, Bd. 4; Berlin: Evangelist main Bible company and of Canstein institute for Bible, 2000;ISBN 3-7461-0144-1 (generally comprehensibly and scientifically founded)
- catholic Bible work (Hrsg.): God people. Bible and Liturgie in the life of the municipality; Part 4; Stuttgart: Catholic Bible work, 2005; ISBN 3-460-26635-X
- Joseph Ratzinger: Come, holy spirit! - Pfingstpredigten; ISBN 3879042993
- Maria Schwabe (Hrsg.): Whitsuntide instead of Babel. To the Mystik and Spiritualität in the world social forum; Bonn: Mission center of the Franziskaner, 2004
- Alfons of wise, Karl Heinrich Bieritz, Henning Schröer, Petra Sevrugian: Kind. Whitsuntide/Pfingstfest/Pfingstpredigt I. Neutestamentliche basesthe Pfingstfestes II. The Pfingstfest in church history III. Practical-theological aspects IV. Pfingstpredigt V. Ikonographisch; in: Theological material encyclopedia 26 (1996), S. 379-398 (enzyklopädischer overview with further Lit.)