Philipp the property
Philipp that property (Philippe le Bon) (* 31. July 1396 in Dijon; † 15. July 1467 in Brügge) was Duke of Burgund (house Burgund), son of duke Johann the Unerschrockenen (Jean sans peur) and the Margarete of Bavaria.
Philipp buildup particularly in Gent . It was married in first marriage with Michelle, daughter of king Karl VI. and sister of the Dauphins Karl, the later king Karl VII.. Philipp became 1419 duke of Burgund and count of Flanders, Artois and Franche Comté, when its father Johann was murdered of people of the Dauphins.
From hate against this allied it itself in the contract of Troyes (21. May 1420) with Heinrich V. of England against France, around itself to throats. As finally to 21. September 1435 the contract was locked by Arras, left themselves to Philipp therein from Karl VII. those guarantee as well as its complete independence from the French crown County Auxerre and the county Mâcon transfer. Thus it reached the possibility for independent great power politics between France and the German Reich for its recent State of “Burgund”.
1421 it acquired the county Namur by purchase in addition. 1433 entriss it Jakoba of Bavaria the Brabant and Holland (with also the hen gau was connected). it could acquire 1433 from the estate of the Luxemburger their master country Luxembourg. Thus it penetrated deeply into the area of the holy Roman realm , which released just as violent as helpless protest of emperor Sigismund. Together withthe duchy Burgund, the free county Burgund and the county Flanders, which he had inherited, Philipp formed such a territory of areas on both sides the border between Germany and France, that to the realm of the oldest son of emperor Ludwig the pious one, Lothar's I., reminded.
Philippfavoured the arts and sciences and carried trade and trade, in particular the Teppichweberei in Flanders. To 10. It donated January 1429 after the model of the English trousers volume medal the medal of the golden fleece, that as uniting volume for the elite of its very heterogeneous territorywas meant. The establishment of the medal had also (never reached) the goal of organizing a crusade for recuperation Konstantinopels which had been incorporated 1453 the Osmani realm.
In its last years Philipp left completely the government to his ambitious son Karl (Charles le Téméraire).
Philipps actuallyindependent land complex between France and Germany became in its northern part the forerunner of the Netherlands (from those the today's States of the Netherlands , Belgium and Luxembourg developed later). The separation Philipps of France and its retreat from the French home policy did not happen however without hesitating andVary, since it sang itself time life as Prince you (prince of French royal Geblüt) regarded. Only his son Karl the bold one should completely feel as head of an independent realm, which he brought however by his thoughtless policy in danger and which with his deathon the battleground 1477 again between France and Germany one divided.
Philipp was ground starting from 1409 with Michaela, a daughter king of Karl VI. of France, and starting from 1424 with Bona of Artois, daughter of the count Philipp von Nevers. he married 1429in third marriage Isabella of Portugal, with which he got finally the desired successor, Karl the bold one.
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|NAME||Philipp III. the property|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||duke of Burgund|
|DATE OF BIRTH||31. July 1396|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dijon|
|DYING DATE||15. July 1467|