Philipp of Milly

Philipp of Milly, also admits as Philipp of Nablus (* around 1120; † 3. April 1171) was the sieved large masters of the Templerordens.

Philipp was the son of Guido of Milly (Guy de Milly), a knight from the Picardie, that in the first crusade had participated and its (possibly second) wife Stephanie of Flanders. Guido and Stephanie had three sons born in the holy country, was probably the oldest of whom Philipp. He is mentioned 1138 as GUI DOS Sohn, with his second mention 1144 was already Mr. von Nablus and married with Isabella for the first time he.

As a gentleman von Nablus was Philipp of one of the most influential barons of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. 1144 sent it to queen Melisende out to waive the FE storage Edessas it arrived however only, when the city was already fallen. 1148 participated Philipp in the consultation, which was held in Akko, after the second crusade had reached the country - that consultation, in which the unfortunate decision was made to attack Damascus.

Together with the powerful family Ibelin, into which its half sister Helvis had in-married, stood for Philipp from Melisendes side in its conflict with its son Balduin III.. During the division of the kingdom 1151 Melisende received the southern part of the realm including Nablus. Despite this arrangement seems to have been Philipp Balduin loyal, it participated 1153 in conquest Askalons by the king, as well as 1157 at the release from Banyas.

In July 1161, when Melisende lay on the dying bed, Philipp exchanged with Balduin III. the rule Nablus against the rule Oultrejourdain. This permitted Balduin to bring the south part of the realm under control while its nut/mother could not resist, and brought at the same time a strong and loyalen baron to the point of Oultrejordain. Balduin died 1163, it followed Amalrich I., a friend Philipps, which had at that time likewise confessed Melisendes on the page.

Of Philipps life is in far parts in the darkness. It is well-known that it pilgerte some time, after he became Mr. von Oultrejordain to the Katharinenkloster on the mountain Sinai. With his Mrs. Isabella it had a son, Rainer, and two daughters, Helena and Stephanie of Milly; Isabella probably died 1166, which induced Philipp obviously to withdraw themselves and the temple knights follow from the public. The retreat was short, because it participated in Amalrichs invasion of Egypt 1167 . The family Ibelin reminds of an event during the FE storage of Bilbeis, with which Philipp Hugo of Ibelin saved the life, when its horse fell into a ditch and it broke the leg (the truth content of this history is not well-known).

The temple knights had rejected Amalrichs Egypt campaign, and the king made them responsible thereafter for the miss. After the death large master of the Bertrand de Blanchefort in January 1169 exercised Amalrich pressure that they selected Philipp to its successor, which they also did in the August of the yearly. Over of Philipps time as large masters much is not well-known, with exception of the defense of temp-learns Gaza held, when Saladin, which had brought Egypt 1169 under its rule, attacked the city 1170.

1171 it withdrew for not well-known reasons as a large master and accompanied Amalrich after Konstantinopel, in order to re-establish after the miss of the Egypt campaign the relations with the Byzantine realm. It probably died at the 3. April of the yearly before it the city had reached.

sources

  • Malcolm Barber: The of career OF Philip OF Nablus into the kingdom OF Jerusalem. in The Experience OF Crusading, volume 2 - Defining the Crusader Kingdom, Peter Edbury and Jonathan Phillips, Hg., Cambridge University press, 2003.
  • Kenneth set clay/tone, Hg.: A History OF the Crusades. Madison, 1969-1989.
  • William of Tyrus: Historia rerum in portion bus transmarinis gestarum.



 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)