Phineas Riall

Sir Phineas Riall (* 15. December 1775, probably in Clonmel, Ireland, † 10. November 1850 in Paris, France) was a British officer of the Napoleoni wars and the war of 1812 with the USA


Phineas Riall stepped January 1794 as a wo1 into 92. Infantry regiment and ascended by the purchase of officer patents fast. In March he became a second lieutenant, in May captain and in December major in 128. Regiment. In this unit it served up to its dissolution 1797. Afterwards it remained seven years long with half pay out of service, until it 1805 major 15. Infantry regiment became. With this he came into the Karibik, led 1809 during the attack on Martinique a brigade and was characterised with the conquest of Guadeloupe . 1810 it returned to England, became lieutenant colonel in 69. Infantry regiment and in June 1813 major general.

Together with lieutenant general Gordon Drummond one shifted it in the August of this yearly to Canada, where the war of 1812 with the USA had broken out. After a short time as a commander in Montreal it accompanied Drummond to upper Canada, where this took over the supreme command. At the same time to the attack on away Niagara, instructed by Drummond , Riall with 500 soldiers and likewise many Indians exceeded to 19. December the Niagara River and advanced far into American area, whereby extensive opposing supply were captured and the localities Lewiston, Youngstown, were destroyed away fitters and Manchester (Niagara of case ). Riall was not however able to prevent excesses of Indians against American civilians with whom there were several dead ones. To 30. December led Riall a second raid across the Niagara River, threw after the exceeding of the river several USA grasps back, finally struck the aggressors into the escape and captured substantial quantities of weapons and ammunition. In the further process of the raid Rialls troops captured again large quantities supply and burned Buffalo and Black skirt down. Due to the conquest from away Niagara and the two raids Rialls had fundamentally changed the strategic situation in the Niagara front.

To this campaign Drummond went to York (Toronto), while Riall received the command at the Niagara front. After a calm spring 1814 the Americans with 4.000 crossed men under major general Jacob Brown the Niagara River and forced away Erie at the 3. July for surrender. Riall stationed its troops behind the Chippewa River, where to 4. July those about 2,000 men comprehensive Vorhut of the Americans under Brigadier General Winfield Scott emerged. The Americans withdrew themselves first, and on the following day Riall with its exceeded about 1,500 men comprehensive army the river and attacked Scotts troops against 17 o'clock frontally. The disciplined and well trained US troops did not cause with Chippewa however a sensitive defeat , which Riall forced to a hasty retreat after away George to the British in the battle, in order to be cut off. Its troops lost 137 dead ones and 304 wounded, the Americans only 48 dead ones and 227 wounded. Reason for the defeat probably was that Riall the US soldiers Scotts confounded with Milizionären and those combat capability had therefore underestimated.

An American attack on away George did not come off, since the Americans waited in vain for the supply of heavy FE storage cannons by their navy. Finally they withdrew themselves toward Chippawa (Ontario) . Riall followed them with approximately 1,000 soldiers and took a defensive position on an elevator back close Niagara of case . As US troops under Scott to 25. Pushed , began July on its position he, to withdraw itself as ordered since Drummond had instructed him to avoid a crucial fight. Drummond marched in time with reinforcement on, cancelled the retreat instruction and accepted the fight. At the victory in from it resulting, extremely bloody battle with Lundy's the Lane Riall little portion had, since he was heavily wounded already briefly after beginning of the fight and into American war shank turned out. Out these became released it in December 1814 in the exchange and returned to England. From 1816 to 1823 he was governor of Grenada and married during this time (1819) Elizabeth Scarlett. it received the collection to 1833 into the ennobling and, two years later the rank of a lieutenant general. The appointment as the full general came 1841. 1850 it died with a stay in Paris.

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