Piemonte (Piemont)
Flagge Piemonts
Base data
capital: Turin
arrangement: 8 provinces
surface: 25,399 km ²
inhabitants: 4.334.734 (31. May 2005)
Population density: 171 inhabitants for each km ²
homepage: www.regione.piemonte.it
ISO 3166-2: IT-21
president Mercedes Bresso
Karte Italiens, Piemont hervorgehoben

the Piemont (ital: Piemonte: “at the foot thatMountains ") is one of the regions in Italy.

Table of contents


the Arnas valley with Usseglio

the Piemont covers a surface of 25,399 square kilometers and has approximately 4,33Millions inhabitants. The Aostatal in the northwest of the region ranks historically and nature-geographically among the Piemont, however its own administrative unit with special status forms as autonomous area: In the Aostatal about 120,000 humans on a surface of 3,263 square kilometers live.

In the north the Piemont borders on Switzerland,in the west at France, Italian Binnengrenzen is in the south to the region Ligurien, in the southeast to the region Emilia Romagna and in the east to the region Lombardei.

Nature-geographically the region is divided into three parts: The alpine region pulls itself on the edge that Alps along the east and north border of the Piemont. Here the okzitanischen valleys ( Valle Stura, Valle Maira, Valle Maraita, Valle del Po, Valle del Chisone, Val Pellice, Valle di Susa, Valle d'Aosta) and the area lie roundaround the west bank of the Lago Maggiore. The highest mountain of the Piemont is the Mont blank lain in the rear Aostatal. Highest mountain of the political region Piemont is the Monte pink one, followed of Gran Paradiso with 4,061 meters and Monviso with 3,841 meters. Thathighest road passport of the alps, the Col de Sommeiller, is also here. In the Po-level are the large cities of the Piemont; here also most humans live. The hill country in the southeast of the region (Monferrato, Langhe, Roero) becomes in firstLine agriculturally and routistic used; here the famous wine ( Barolo, Barbera , Barbaresco ) of the Piemont grows.

The Piemont

divides provinces of the Piemonts as administrative unit into 8 provinces:

capital and at the same time largest andmost important city of the Piemont is Turin. November era, Alessandria, Asti and Cuneo are further centers.


main and administrative language is Italian. Further of many inhabitants the piemontesische dialect and in the more remote angles of the okzitanischen valleys is spoken maintainsone still the old Okzitan.

In the adjacent autonomous Aostatal also French one speaks, which is used there also as the second office language.


the independent history of the Piemont begins with the retreat of the Romans with the decay of the Roman realm. During the people migration the fruitful area becomes from marodierenden peoples pulled through several times.

In the course of the time the house Savoyen subjects the Mark counties of the Piemont. In changing alliances the Piemont becomes the Zankapfel between France and having castle.

1718 combines the Savoyer thatPiemont and Sardinien and receive - from grace of the habsburgischen emperor of the holy Roman realm of German nation in Vienna. After napoleonische occupation 1798 (after just as furiosen as surprising winter crossing of the pc. - Bernhard passport by Napoleon Bonaparte) 1814 again the Austrians followas protecting power, which Metternich furnish a puppet state under the tutelage of prince. At 1847 increasingly rebellions begin against the Austrians, who culminate to 1859 in the battle of Solferino: the united Piemonteser and Frenchman strike the Austrian troops destroying.

1861 become the Savoyer Viktor Emanuel II. to the king of geeinten Italy crowned. Since that time the Piemont is Italian area. Benito Mussolini established starting from 1922 a dictatorship, fascism governs in Italy until 1944. The daughter of Viktor Emanuel III., Marfalda of Savoyen is kidnapped in the KZ beech forest and dies there.

With proclaiming the Italian republic, which exists since 1946, the house Savoyen is set off, the descendants of the piemontesischen kings until recently entering Italian soil was forbidden. 1948 became the Aostatal autonomously. 1969 come it into Turin to bloody worker rebellions, intotheir consequence the terror - group red brigades (Brigate Rosse) develops. Into the eighties they implement politically motivated notices. Since 1992 a new movement of independence develops: the Lega north, which finds a center in the Piemont, steps for a separation of north Italy fromthe unloved south.


from the regional choice at the 3. /4. April 2005 came out the presidency candidate of the center leftist coalition Mercedes Bresso as Siegerin and replaced the past president Enzo Ghigo (Forza Italia).

The regional parliament Consiglio regional one del Piemonte has 60 seats.


the Piemont ranks among the richest areas of Italy. The unemployment ratio is with approximately 8% clearly below the Italian average (11%). Some the most important Italian enterprises have here their seat, under it the car manufacturers Fiats and Lancia (both in Turin), besides the food manufacturer Ferrero in Alba and the electronics firm Olivetti in Ivrea. Beside modern industry into and around Turin, the Wollverarbeitung into Biella and the service enterprise has also the agriculture a great importance: in the Po-level becomes beside rice (a third of the EuropeanRice production comes from here, Piemont is cultivated the largest European area of cultivation of rice), fruit and vegetable, the hill areas supplies wine (see also for this the article viticulture in Italy) and Haselnüsse, in the AOS TA valley the cattle breeding prospers.


compared with other areasItaly is routistic not yet very opened the Piemont. Emphasis of the tourism lies in the north at the Lago Maggiore and in the Langhe, where gastronomisch wine inspired (esp. Barolo and Barbaresco) and Trüffel enjoy. The main season begins with the Trüffelernte in October.

The alpine elbowthe Piemont can on the 55-tägigen far moving way Grande Traversata depression Alpi (GTA) be committed.


building of splendour to the Piazza Castello in Turin

the Piemont is rich at art and culture treasures. Among the most famous the baroque buildings of splendour of Turin ( Palazzo material one rank, Palazzo Madama, the church San Lorenzo). In Stupinigi, the desire lock Palazzina di Caccia is to a suburb of Turin. In the late Renaissance the Sacro Monte developed (dt: holy mountain) of Varallo. From the Middle Ages the abbey is received of Staffarda and the castle of Manta. From Roman time the monastery remained San Giulio on the island San Giulio in the Ortasee. At the Lago Maggiore rank the Borromäi islands among the largest attractions, here above all the Isola Bella - a baroque island palacewith mehrstöckigen garden plants, which shifts the travelers since more jeher in astonishment.

Famous Piemonteser is for instance prince Eugen von Savoyen, the family Agnelli (Fiat) and the author Umberto Eco from Alessandria.

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