Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pierre-Auguste Renoir - 1910 Pierre-Auguste Renoir

selfhaven-guess/advise (* 25. February 1841 in Limoges; † 3. December 1919 in Cagnes) was a French painter of the Impressionismus.

Table of contents


childhood and youth

Renoir was born as a child of a family of the working class. Its father was a cutterand its nut/mother Zuschneiderin. When jetty RH Augusts 3 is years old (1845), pulls the family to Paris and finds dwelling in the Louvre, which is not only museum at that time, but also offices and dwellings accommodates.

With 13 years Renoir teachings stepsas Porzellanmaler on. Already with 15 years it can so well that the Manufaktur entrusts fastidious mark work, which is reserved otherwise the experienced Porzellanmalern to it. From its wages it can live independently and support even its parents. Around theseHowever mechanical compression matters for porcelain become generally accepted time, and the Manufaktur must close, when he is 17 years old.

Dancer (Danseuse)

Renoir must deny now its living costs with the painting of technical and Markisen and the Kolorieren of coats of arms.

Renoirs impressionistische phase

1861 - Renoir painting in the class Swiss of the painter Charles Gleyre studies 1864. Soon however it looks for itself other artistic models than its teacher, i.e. Gustave Courbet and Diaz de la Pena, which it coincidentally with the mark work in the forest met and which encourage it to always paint from the life and the model.

It closes friendship with Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley and Frédéric Bazille and paints common with themin the free one.1864 are called, accepted for the first time a picture by it for that Paris salon, often simply only salon; also in the salon of 1868 it is represented with a picture. Its experiences in the free one work themselves alsoon its studio pictures out. Critics will praise the freshness and naturalness of his pictures on him attentively and.

Nevertheless hardly buyer is

the Loge (La loge). it lives 1869 in such bitter poverty that it, as it writes later,to eat has not even each day something.

1870, in the French-German war, announce itself to Renoir voluntarily to a Kavallerieregiment, have however the luck, far away by the fighting to be stationed. he turns out for 1871, returned to Paris, inthe rebellion that Paris municipality. From the Kommunarden into the military service in a forced manner, he comes into dramatic difficulties, when he is tried from Paris to flee and taken of the troops of the opposite side imprisoned.

After the war it takes soonagain contact to its friends Monet and Sisley up and spends much common time with them and with Edouard Manet in the summers of the 1870er. A very well-known painting of it from that time shows the family Monet inGarden of their house in Argenteuil. From Manet there is its own interpretation of the same topic. Both, Monet and Renoir, had placed their Staffeleien next to each other and had painted the same scene.

Renoir loves it to represent social causes and convert joy of life into pictures.Despite the movements of the explained persons as with “dance in the Moulin de la Galette” and the omittingness he integrates small still lives.

Differently than Monet and the other Impressionisten Renoir strives further for the admission of its pictures into the salon,take part however 1874 with large enthusiasm in the preparation and execution of the first Impressionisten exhibition, likewise in the exhibition of 1876.

He succeeds in selling pictures to the art dealers Durand Ruel and Père Martin. Durand Ruel, a large promoter of the Impressionisten,money gives it, so that it can rent itself a studio. These incomes are however so scarcely limited that they are sufficient straight evenly, in order to deny living costs.

Le Bal outer Moulin de la Galette (1876)

its financial situation turnsitself in the middle of the 1870er years to the good one, when he becomes acquainted with the customs officer Victor Cocquet and the publisher Georges Carpentier and from them orders for haven advice and a large board picture gets. By the Fürsprache of the influential madame Charpentier widens itsCircle of acquaintances in the better society out, and it gets so many orders for haven guessing in the following years that they become occasionally even annoying it.

1881 and 1882 he undertakes three large journeys to Algeria, to Italy and again to Algeria. 1882porträtiert it in Palermo the composer smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Wagner.

the nachimpressionistische life phase

after a stay 1881 in Italy, while which he reads around 1400 a written manual for painters, it orients itself on strongly at Raffaels Freskenand at Jean August Dominique Ingres, it begins the so-called “Ingres period” or also “dry period”. Renoir begins to orient itself from reason on new it turns away from the spontaneous one and draws the forms more sharply, remains however with the motivesfull joy of life. It turns from the Impressionismus off and to the classicism : For many years it has mainly employed with the color, now concentrates it on the form.

Around 1883 it comes into a creative crisis. At the public andwith the criticism he feels laues lack of interest in that time, and over itself he expresses that he is in an artistic dead end. The work of those years kulminiert in the picture the large bathing of 1887, into thatit invested years at preliminary studies and an abundance of art-historical quotations contains.

In March 1885

its loved Aline Charigot, which he had become acquainted with at the beginning of the 1880er years and had accompanied him to Italy, gives him the large bathing itsfirst child, a boy. To end of the 1880er years finds he again his joy to the coloredness and to liquid, sinnlichen marks. Its break with its impressionistischen mark style of the 1870er years remains however finally.

characteristic of Renoirs life's work

Renoir is possibly a most versatile artist of its epoch. When it dies 1919, it leaves an abundance of landscapes, quiet life, haven advice of adults and children, act pictures, pictures of the Tanzvergnügen and of the family life. The sinnliche amusement of its pictures strikes nearly each vieweren el große Popularität del überaus de la jábega del für de Grund del wichtigste del der del wohl del ist del und de Bann.

works (selection)



  • Jean Renoir: My father Augusts Renoir (OT: Renoir). Diogenes, Zurich 1981, ISBN 3-257-22425-7
  • Bruce Berne pool of broadcasting corporations (Hrsg.): The large Impressionisten. ISBN 3-7735-5323-4
  • Thomas Blisniewski: „And you gave the apple and praised it before all the most beautiful one “- Pierre Augusts Renoirs and smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Guinos „Venus Victrix “in the Wallraf Richartz museum - to Fondation Corboud. In: Cologne museum bulletins. Reports and research from the museumsthe city Cologne (4), 2002, S. 34-44

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