Pietro Mascagni

Pietro Mascagni (* 7. December 1863 in Livorno; † 2. August 1945 in Rome) was an Italian composer, who is with its operas beside Ruggiero Leoncavallo and Giacomo Puccini of one of the most important representatives of the musical ism.


According to desire of his father, a baker, Mascagni should have become against his will lawyer, its uncle retained it however by adoption before it, and he could begin to study music. Its first works were rather successful already, which the father with the occupation choice of the sonreconciled. Although it was promoted by a noble sponsor, outstanding teachers (Amilcare Ponchielli) and with Giacomo Puccini a competent friend, fallow he had the study, which seemed to him to drying, off and followed a driving opera troop.

it left itself to 1885 asConductor of the small urban orchestra in Cerignola engage, where he could earn enough, in order to live. Besides it composed industriously large operas: 1888 were Guglielmo Ratcliff (after Heinrich Heine; Libretto finished by Andrea Maffei), could inspire however no director, and it took 1889with Cavalleria rusticana at an one-act play opera competition of the Italian music publisher Sonzogno part. The opera received the first price and became during their premiere in the year after one of largest successes of music history.

Over night Mascagni had become the star of the Italian opera scene and enjoyed that suddenlyacquired fame and wealth. Its next opera, L'Amico Fritz was composed, rather was however disappointed taken up fast. Differently it was issued it with already before the Cavalleria composed Guglielmo Ratcliff, which was uraufgeführt 1895 with large success. It wrote further operas, ofConnoisseurs became estimated, who stated a refinement of its personal style, but at the large public and for future generations Cavalleria remained rusticana the unequalled sneezing realm of the composer.

1902 it traveled to the United States, later brought it its works also to South America. The increasingHe pursued success of its friend Giacomo Puccini with large jealousy and 1911 stated he, the time of the Verismo was to the end.

1917 he experienced with the successful Lodoletta in Rome a reflashing of its fame, financially wore he however anyway with the percentages of profits for Cavalleria toits end of life no concerns. Its he, half umnachtet by the political events, spent last years in a hotel room in Rome.


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