Pirat

of these articles is occupied with the Piraten as a pirate. For the sailing boat of the same name see Pirat (Bootsklasse).
Piraten attack a ship

a Pirat are a robber, who attacks and plunders its victim from a ship or a boat,whereby also coastal places are sometimes attack targets. Some Piraten co-operates also with the offshore population, who possesses the law of wreckage.

Table of contents

history

already Homer describes in 8. Jh. v. Chr. in its Epen raids to the main acquisition. In particular the coasts of the Ägäis loaded as hiding placeand slip angles almost. Correspondences of the ruler of Cyprus from that 14. Jh. v. Chr. occupy Piraten at the smallasiatic south coast. Starting point is to have been above all Lykien in today's southwest Turkey. Also in many later antique sources this appliedRegion as homeland of Piraten, which made waters of large parts of the eastern Mediterranean uncertain. The überhandnehmende piracy in the Ägäis was fought - according to Herodot and Thukydides - for the first time by the kretische navy. True Piraten troubles a z. Z. of theRoman Imperiums caused the senate, Pompeius (67 v. Chr.to equip) with special authority. Its proper naval warfare against the Piraten led to the provisional end of the Piraterie; Byzanz, at the end of its power, was impaired again by Arab pirates.

Allocationa certain form of the democracy

prevailed to the booty under the Piraten on the ships. Thus often important decisions were made by tunings of the crew. A reason for the initial inlet to the Piratentum was the pityless suppression on the official handelsand war fleets of the individual countries. As the time of the “classical Piraterie” one can designate the period between approximately 1650 and 1730, when pirates of European origin made the Karibik supported by corrupt governors and government officials above all uncertain. After elimination of theirBases in the Caribbean sea shifted some Piratenführer their effect place into the Indian ocean, where in a part of the island Madagascar a kind Piratenrepublik (Libertalia) had developed, until approximately 1730 existed.

A special form of the Piraterie existed inMediterranean. This proceeded mainly from the so-called Barbareskenstaaten, thus the states of moslemischer ruling powers in North Africa (Tunis, Algiers). In these countries the piracy was operated nationally and was the main source of income of the state. This nuisance went still to end of the 18.Jahrhunderts in such a wayfar that some European countries (for instance at that time independent Hanseatic city Hamburg) in addition, the still young USA rather committed themselves to regular payments to the governments of the “Barbareskenstaaten”, so that their trading vessels were not troubled. Only in the year 1830 France setthis driving with the conquest of Algeria an end.

further names and synonyms

Piraten bury its treasure
  • Freibeuter were nationally waited or assigned Piraten, of 16. up to 19. On raid went to century. They hadthe confirmed by a document right (by one cape-hereditarycalled), to apply the ships of other nations not however ships of the own nation. Often the Freibeuter adhered neither by rights nor to obligations, which were fixed in the cape hereditary scoring, similarly as their exhibitor.
  • Pirate
  • Korsar was the name (franz.) for pirates, usual in the Mediterranean.
  • Bukaniere were Piraten with firm basis in the Karibik, as for instance the island Île de la gate-do (Tortuga). They secured their living costs in addition, by hunt in the hinterland.
  • As Flibustiere (Filibuster) one designated one mainly from Frenchman existing combination of pirates, in 17. Century the Karibik afflicted. Later pirates and Freibeuter were then generally designated in such a way.
With the permanent change of station of the Bukaniere from Hispaniola to Île de la gate-dofurther Piraten of the Karibik Île de selected la gate-does than basis. They called themselves no longer than „brothers of the coast “, but than Flibustier. This word is derived from a Dutch word, vrijbuiters. This word changed itselfover the English freebooters and the French flibustiers, which word the Englishmen later transferred and to filibusters modified. The German language adapts finally likewise the French word.
Starting from 1655 haven became Royal on Jamaica the second base of the Karibik- Piraten. Here primarily English Piraten found its base, on Île de la gate-does mainly French. Haven Royal was destroyed 1692 by an earthquake and the following Flutwelle. Afterwards the Piraten yielded on the Bahamas islands (until 1718) and North American ports howz. B.New York out.

symbols and plate

Das Zeichen der Piraten
the indication of the Piraten

of the Jolly Roger is the black flag (usually with a Totenkopf) of pirate ships. It was sighted for the first time 1700 at the mast of the Piraten Emmanuel Wynne.

ToOrigin of the name „Jolly Roger “gives it several versions: - the English Roger designates both a vagabond and the devil (old Roger). - French their originally red flag joli rouge called Bukaniers („beautiful red “). - It gavean Indian Piraten with the name Ali Rajah, of the British Olly Roger expressed.

Edward England was initially the only Pirat, which showed the well-known Totenkopf with crossed bones in its flag. There the flag for the identification of the Piraten, had each crew an individual indication served.

acquaintance Piraten

Gepfählter head in Hamburg of an executing, around 1400, discovers 1878 with the building of the memory city on the Grasbrook, served as basis of the reconstruction of the face courses, probably a Pirat, vll. Klaus Störtebeker

acquaintance Freibeuter

Fictitious Piraten

  • Guybrush Threepwood, the unheldenhafte hero of the computer game row Monkey Iceland.
  • Geisterpirat LeChuck, the rogue of the Monkey of Iceland plays.
  • Captain Hook, the rogue from Peter Pan.
  • Long John Silver from the treasure island.
  • Fire beard, one the Piraten out George MacDonald of drill novel “the Piraten”.
  • Dotterbart (in the original “Yellowbeard”) from the sow-Irish film of the same name.
  • Captain Jack Sparrow from the film curse of the Karibik, easily of Johnny Depp.
  • Captain Joshua Flint (the treasure island), possibly. after unknownhistorical model.
  • “The red Korsar” (Captain Vallo) from the US film of the same name of 1952, easily of Burt Lancaster.
  • “Captain Blood” from the US film of the same name of 1935, easily of Errol Flynn (after the novel of the same name of Rafael Sabatini).
  • “The redKorsar " from the French Comic series of the same name, 1959 production of Jean Michel Charlier and Victor Hubinon.
  • Captain Pugwash, British Cartoonfigur.
  • The einäugige Willy, from the adventure film The Goonies.
  • Monkey D. Ruffy from One Piece.
  • The savage 13, a quite well-knownterrible Piratenbande from Jim button and Lukas of the Lokomotivführer of Michael end.
  • Iron hand, black beard, the devil masks and other usually skurrile Piraten from the Comicreihe phantom. The masked hero has himself among other things the fight against Piraten used up.
  • The anonymous Piratencrewfrom Asterix, whose ship is sunk casually again and again. A Persiflage on the “red Korsar” of Charlier and Hubinon.
  • “Rackham the red one”, captain that Einhorn, treasure-hiding Pirat from the double volume of the same name of Tintin and/or. Tim and Struppi.
  • The booklet novel series of sea-wolves Korsaren of the Weltmeere from the Pabel Moewig - publishing house tells over approximately 750 volumes the adventures of the crew of the Freibeuters Philip hate pool of broadcasting corporations Killigrew, those with their ships at present the Elizabeth's I. the entire world bereist.
  • Captain Sharingham outthe TV-series Jack getting fount.
  • Captain Walker, Captain Bannon, Captain Tyrone, Captain Galliano, Captain Rouquette, Jolly, Griffin, Soledad, Buenaventure and Kenndrick from dock Meyers novels the wave runners, the Muschelmagier and the water webers.

modern trend Piraterie

also today gives itstill Piraterie. Particularly in the areas south - and Southeast Asia in the southChinese sea, in parts of South America, west coast of Africa and of the south of the Red Sea over the gulf of Aden around the island Sokotra to to the Indian oceanattacks the Piraten today the modern ships. Also the road of Malakka and waters around Sri Lanka are considered as uncertain sea-area. Must the large ships because of defects or because of weather and/or. for time reasons in the straits and/or. near the coastdrive, reduce they their speed and can then with speedboats easily by Piraten often be geentert. During full travel is this because of the speed of modern ships, the high Bordwänden and the wave formation to and particularly behind the ship not possible.Nevertheless there are also assaults on high lake. It is assumed that parent ships bring the speedboats in position. The Piraten is partly also so strongly armed that the ships can be forced to stopping. The danger of a over case should exist,thus the crew closes all open doors and hatches, on which lower deck become doors partly welded. The defense takes place then effectively with water hoses, from which with high pressure water is squirted on attacking Piraten. Also electrical fence systems exist,those the Erklettern of Bordwänden to make impossible are. Also some shipowners give to their crews the instruction, empty bottles on the weather deck for smashed - many Piraten entern the ships barefoot.

In most cases is the modern Piraten not onthe charge interests, but rather at contents of the ship Safes, which contains frequently large cash sums, which are intended for the payment of the salaries and the harbour dues.

In some cases the Piraten forced the crew to leave the ship anddrove with the gekaperten ship into a port, where it got wrong papers and then among other things names was further-used.

In modern international law only assaults as Piraterie, which on high lake is accomplished, are considered. That follows from the definition thatArticle 15 of the gene EH Convention on the High Seas and article 101 the United nation Convention on the Law OF the Sea. Attacks of Piraten, which are to be rated as Piraterie, know of each country these conventions signedare fought.

1992 became the Piracy reporting Centre internationally maritime office (IMB Piracy reporting Centre) [1] based in Kuala Lumpur. It collects messages over Piraterie and evaluates it, in order shipowners warns and to protect to be able. In addition it helpswith the search for robbed ships.

In the year 2004 with pirate-attacked at least 30 humans came around the life, to nine more than still in the previous year, communicated [2] the anti- Piraten center internationally maritime office (IMB) in Kuala Lumpur. Already 2003 hadsich die Zahl der Todesopfer durch Piratenattacken mehr als verdoppelt. Gleichzeitig registrierte das IMB 2004 jedoch einen Rückgang der registrierten Überfälle von 445 auf 329. Focus of the piracy are according to the data still waters of Indonesia, where it2004 to 93 well-known attacks came. Rank two occupies the road by Malakka between the Indonesian island Sumatra and Malaysia with 37 would attack.

2005 was announced altogether 274 attacks. 440 crew members were kidnapped to usually extort in order release funds. ThatCenter is further the area around Indonesia, but before the coast of Somalia the layer particularly aggravated, also through strongly increased demands for ransom has itself.

one

speaks Luftpiraterie with hi-jackers also of Luftpiraten.

See special articles: Plane hi-jacking

work on []

Produktpiraterie (software and mark Piraten)

street sale of not licensed copies

Produktpiraterie is forbidden copying and multiplying of goods, for which the legal manufacturers possess invention rights, Design rights and procedural laws. The mark and Produktpirat takes over itself without permission the technical knowledge,an enterprise in work of many years and laborious and under employment of enormous financial means acquired, in order to use it for its products. It uses the admittingness of a mark, which a mark manufacturer attained due to its quality products or expensive Werbekampagnen, overto be deceptive the consumer over the actual origin of the commodity and quality. The figure of the Piraten is instrumentalisiert again and again because of their symbol strength in the present, around for example offences against the author and trademark law in the eyes of a broad publicto stigmatisieren. For this reason the medium and software industry speaks today in the framework of Werbekampagnen against illegitimate copying of music pieces and application programs for example of Softwarepiraterie. This expression is however disputed.

See also: Black copy

in allusion on this disputed Style means of the medium and software industry sketches Stephan Eissler in response to the “modern Freibeuter” as rhetorical figure, around the abuse of the author and trademark law (for example in connection with doubtful warnings) as legal however nevertheless morally despicable act to brandmarken,and in order to refer to any social consequences.

literature

a literary representation of the Freibeuterwesens in the Elisabethani age is to Andreas Venzkes book Gasparan or the last travel of the Francis Drake (Benziger publishing house, Zurich 1996, ISBN 3-545-36531-X).

From firstTo read one knows hand of the life of the Freibeuter of the Karibik into the Piratenbuch of 1678 - the American pirates of Exquemelin (Tübingen 1968, earthling publishing house), where among other things the conquest of Panama is described by Henry Morgan.

An interesting scientific book toTopic is the thesis Freibeuter in the Caribbean sea. To the emergence and social transformation of a historical edge movement of franc bar depression (Münster 1986, publishing house Westfäli steam boat). Here one finds also an extensive bibliography.

A book, itself exclusive with the modernPiraterie concerned, is Piraten. The organized crime on lake of Douglas Stewart (Hamburg 2002, Mare publishing house).

In barking trichloroethylene TIC the novel might be most well-known the treasure island of Robert Louis Stevenson, which describes the search for a buried Piratenschatz.

  • Settler, mercenaryand Piraten: Begleitpublikation to the exhibition of the same name in the Focke museum/of Bremen federal state museum of 8. March to 14. May 2000/Dieter Bischop. With Beitr. by Peter Krull [Hrsg. Manfred Rech]. - Bremen: National archaeologist, 2000. - 136 S. : numerous illustrations, (=Archaeological of Bremen sheets: Supplement; 2)
  • David Cordingly: Under black flag: Putting one and reality of the Piratenlebens. - Sanssouci publishing house, Zurich 1999. - ISBN 3725411476
  • David Cordingly: Piraten: Fear and fright on the Weltmeeren. - VGS publishing house company, 1999.- ISBN 3802527089
  • August Niemann: The Flibustierbuch: Experiences of a young German under the Freibeutern. With pictures v. Joh. Going RTS, 407 S., Vobach, Berlin; Leipzig; Vienna, 1906, L_SBB

Web on the left of

Commons: Piraterie - pictures, videos and/or audio files
see also: Treasure map, treasure island, cape-hereditarycalled, Libertalia
 

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