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the city lies in the northeast of the Woiwodschaft Westpommern, 32 kilometers southeast from Koszalin (Köslin) on the left bank of the river Grąbowa (Grabow). The Grąbowatal forms here a delightful landscape. In the place the highways Koszalin - Miastko ( Rummelsburg) and Sławno ( Schlawe) - cross Bobolice (Bublitz). Near the city two former heidnischen slawischen places of pilgrimage are, in the southwest Świętą Górą (holy mountain) and in the northeast Warblewską Górą (Gollen).
in the second half 13. Century came the first German settlers, mostly from Brandenburg, to the traffic-favorable ford over the Grabow. Before them turns had already settled there, which remained also after the German local establishment apart in their old living range. It was called by the German Schidlitz and remained up to the end 19. Century independently, although the two races mixed themselves with the time. A first mention finds Pollnow in the document of 13. July 1307, with which the brandenburgischen Mark counts Otto, Hermann and Waldemar Peter von Neuenburg confirmed the leaning rights at the place and the nose established in the course of the settlement. Its son of same name lent Pollnow 1312 the lübische municipal law. City and castle were conveyed to 1353 to the diocese Cammin, which belonged from now on to the board goods of the diocese. 1436 pawned the Camminer bishop Siegfried Pollnow including castle to the pommerschen duke Bogislaw IX. Both remained herzoglicher possession, to duke Erich II. 1472 the Pollnower country its Fürstlichen advice Peter von Glasenapp in the exchange against six villages in Rügenwalder country left.
In the year 1550 into Pollnow the reformation was introduced. 1609 caused a city fire heavy damages, the disaster repeated themselves in the years 1656 and 1736. The first city hall of the city was built 1613. In the consequence of the dreissigjährigen war Pollnow was occupied from 1537 to 1653 of Sweden, afterwards the breaking citizens rulers governed the country. 1672 wrote Peter von Glasenapp „the blue book of Pollnow “, which served the city also in the following centuries as historical source. 1773 took over Colonel Ernst von Wrangel the possession rights at the city, which held the family until 1806.
When Prussia arranged its Kreiseinteilung again according to the wars of liberation 1815, Pollnow was integrated into the pommerschen circle Schlawe. 1819 were acquired the castle by Pollnows citizen. 1848 weihten it their new city hall and 1852 a new church building to the old church tower cultivated. Pollnow was attached relatively late to the Eisenbahnnetz, and the 1898 also only only to the Schlawer Kleinbahn. 1903 took place with the opening of the distance after Bublitz the connection to the standard gauge net. Because of the bad traffic route hardly industry developed in Pollnow, only the branch citizens of Berlin of a textile mill established itself there. 1908 took up a power station its enterprise.
1939 had Pollnow of 3,631 inhabitants. In the middle of February 1945 experienced the city as only in the governmental district Köslin a bomb attack, with which Soviet airplanes threw about 30 bombs off. With damaged houses the damage held itself only few partial within limits. At the soil two German companies repelled 20 hours long the Russian troops, had the city however to 27. February 1945 vacate. One day before the German population had been evacuated. By the Soviet artillery numerous houses and the church suffered heavy damage. After the income of the city the center by the Soviet soldiers into fire was and was completely destroyed thus.
it exists a partnership between cities with the hessian city Gedern.
Polanów is also seat of the land municipality of the same name, which extends over a surface of 393,08 km ² and counts 9,230 inhabitants. To the Gmina Polanów belong to 26 localities:
Buszyno (Bussin), Cetuń (Zetthun), Chocimino (Gutzmin), Dadzewo (Datzow), Garbno (Gerbin), Gołogóra (width mountain), Jacinki (Jatzingen), Karsina (Karzin, Kr. Köslin), Kępiny (Neumühlenkamp), Kościernica (Kösternitz, Kr. Schlawe), Krąg (, Kr heel. Schlawe), Krytno (Kritten), Nacław (Natzlaff, Kr. Köslin)), Nowy Żelibórz (Sellberg B), Powidz (peace village, Kr. Schlawe), Rekowo (Reckow), Rosocha (red-pulled), Rzeczyca Wielka (Reetz), Stary Żelibórz (Sellberg), Sowinko (new Zowen), Warblewo (Varbelow), Wietrzno (Vettrin), Wieliń (Vellin) and Żydowo (Sydow)