Haven Authority Trans Hudson

haven Authority Trans Hudson (short PATH) is an underground, which connects New York town center with new jersey. It opens the cities jersey town center , Hoboken, Harrison and Newark beside the quarter Manhattan also. The enterprise takes place via the national port company haven Authority OF New York and new jersey. Although there is in some PATH stations of transitions to New York the Subway, to the Newark town center Subway and to Hudson mountains the Light Rail, no traffic group exists; all four traction networks are independently operated.

Normalspurige and with 650 V direct current electrified PATH linear network is 22.2 kilometers long. In Manhattan, Hoboken and the city centre of jersey town center runs the course underground (altogether 11.9 km). The nearly hundred-year tunnel under the Hudson River consists of cast irons and is at the reason of the river, covered from a thin mud layer. The distance west the station Grove Street runs in cut, ebenerdig or on dams.

Station Exchange Place in jersey town center; Platform direction Hoboken and Newark

table of contents

history

the PATH lines, in former times under the name Hudson and Manhattan Railroad well-known, are older origin than the actual New York Subway. The first plans were already sketched 1874, but the necessary technology for the tunnelling of the Hudson River was still not at all present at that time. The construction work began in the year 1890, had to be stopped however after short time because of financing lacking. Only 1900 could be further-built, after the William Gibbs McAdoo , the later Minister of Finance and son-in-law of Woodrow Wilson, originating from threshing floor lake, which had taken over line. McAdoo also president of the society became later, why the distances under the river long time were called jokeful also “McAdoo of tunnel”.

In former times a plan with (never built) connections to the IRT Lexington Avenue LINE and to cent ral Railroad OF new jersey

the first test courses operated at the end of of 1907. To 26. February 1908 began point midnight the public enterprise between Hoboken and the 19th Street in central Manhattan. To 19. July 1909 was opened the distance between south Manhattan and Jersey town center, the courses operated with it by a two kilometer of far tunnels lain south. 1911 followed the extensions to the 33rd Street, after Newark and for (today shut down) station Manhattan transfer. The costs of the entire project become estimated on 55 to 60 million US Dollar, which corresponds to a billion US Dollar after today's value about.

The H&M was mainly therefore built, in order to connect New York town center with three large head stations west the river: In Hoboken the station of the Lackawanna Railroad, in jersey town center the stations of the Erie Railroad and the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR). In Newark transferring from the PRR courses took place to the H&M courses until 1937 in the station Manhattan transfer, afterwards the distance was shifted around some hundred meters to the PRR station Newark.

Plans to extend the H&M distances in Manhattan up to the Astor Place and to the Grand cent ral terminal were never carried out, likewise an extension from Hoboken to Secaucus. The opening Holland tunnel (1927) and the world economic crisis shortly thereafter entailed a noticeable dropping of the passenger frequencies. This trend became after the opening of the George Washington bridge (1931) and still Lincoln tunnel (1937) strengthens.

Also numerous Werbekampagnen could not stop the economic fall of the society. End of the 1950er went to H&M bankruptcy. The course was taken over first by the States of New York and new jersey and transferred 1962 to the new society “haven Authority Trans Hudson”, a subsection the haven Authority OF New York and new jersey. The haven Authority explained itself however only then ready for the assumption, when it received permission for being allowed to establish on the area of the “Hudson terminal ” the World trade center.

The station World trade center, one of the PATH last stops in New York town center, became at the 11. September 2001 destroys. Directly before the collapse the station was closed and passengers waiting there could be saved with a being available course.

Also the station Exchange Place was closed because of flooding of the tunnel during nearly two years. Although the damage caused by water could be rapidly repaired, Exchange Place was aligned not for the enterprise as temporary last stop and had to be converted accordingly. Starting from June 2003 here again courses operated after Newark and Hoboken.

The enterprise after south Manhattan could be taken up again, as to 23. November 2003 temporary, 323 million a dollar expensive station was opened. The opening course was the same as that, which had been used for the Evakuation. The new station uses some parts of the original station World trade center, possesses however no heating or air conditioning system and is built in a very functional style. The definite station is to be opened in the year 2009. The costs of 2 billion dollar are covered for tax fundses of the States of New York and new jersey by insurance remunerations and.

enterprise

PATH lines during the day
PATH lines during the edge hours

of PATH operates 24 hours on the day and seven days the week. During the day four lines operate to two final stops each in new jersey and Manhattan. Each line is marked by a color.

  • Newark - World trade center (red)
  • Hoboken - World trade center (green)
  • journal Square - 33rd Street (yellow)
  • Hoboken - 33rd Street (blue)

Monday until Friday between 23:00 clock and 06:00 clock as well as at weekends and holidays between 19:30 clock and 09:00 clock operate only two lines.

  • Newark - World trade center (red)
  • journal Square - Hoboken - 33rd Street (yellow blue)

the yellow and the blue line are folded up to a yellow-blue line; the courses change the driving direction in Hoboken.

After the terrorist attacks at the 11. Septembers 2001 were closed the stations World trade center and Exchange Place. Only the three lines Newark - 33rd Street (red), Hoboken - operated 33rd Street (blue) and Hoboken - journal Square (green). After the reopening of the station Exchange Place additional courses on the lines Newark - Exchange Place (red) and Hoboken - operated Exchange Place (green).

to time gives stations 13 stations. Of it are sieve wheelchair-usually, i.e. 33rd Street, Exchange Place, Hoboken, journal Square, Newark, Pavonia/Newport and World trade center.

New York town center

name lines opening remarks
33rd Street blue, yellow 10. November 1910 transition to the lines B, D, F, N, Q, R, W and V the New York Subway and to the Pennsylvania station (Amtrak, new jersey transit, Long Iceland Railroad)
28th Street - 10. November 1910 1937 closed, after the station 33rd Street was extended toward the south
23rd Street blue, yellow 15. June 1908 transition to the lines F and V the New York Subway
19th Street - 26. February 1908 1954 closed to accelerate around traffic
14th Street blue, yellow 26. February 1908 transition to the lines F, L and V the New York Subway
9th Street blue, yellow 26. February 1908 transition to the lines A, B, C, D, E, F and V the New York Subway
Christopher Street blue, yellow 26. February 1908 transition to the lines 1 and 2 the New York Subway
World trade center green, red 19. July 1909 replaced the station “Hudson terminal” to 1971; Transition to the lines 2, 3, A, C, E, N, R and W the New York Subway

Hoboken

name lines opening remarks
Hoboken blue, green 26. February 1908 transition to Hudson mountains Ligth Rail and new jersey transit, originally to the Lackawanna Railroad

jersey town center

name lines opening remarks
Pavonia/new haven green, yellow 2. August 1909 transition to Hudson mountains Ligth Rail, originally to the Erie Railroad
Exchange Place red, green 19. July 1909 transition to Hudson mountains Ligth Rail, originally to the Pennsylvania Railroad, the Lehigh Valley Railroad and the Susquehanna Railway
Grove Street red, yellow 6. September 1910 earlier name: “Grove Henderson Streets”
journal Square red, yellow 14. April 1912 earlier name: “Summit Avenue”

Harrison

name lines opening remarks
Mannhattan transfer - 1. October 1911 to 20. June 1937 closed; Distance after Newark Penn station shifts
Harrison red 20. June 1937 replacement to 26. November 1911 station, the some hundred meters opened north continued to be

Newark

name lines opening remarks
Newark red to 20. June 1937 replacement to 26. November 1911 station “park Place” opened; Transition to Amtrak, new jersey transit and Newark town center Subway

of courses

the Wagenpark of PATH consists of approx. 250 cars, those of Kawasaki Heavy Industries (type PA-4), Hawker Siddeley (type PA-3) and the pc. Were built for Louis Car company (type PA-1 and PA-2). The cars are long 15.75 meters (51 ' 8 ") and exhibit 35 seats, which are arranged along the side. The courses reach a top speed of 112 km/h (70 mph); normally the operating speed is however not higher than 88 km/h (55 mph).

The cars of the types PA-1, PA-2 and PA3 were built between 1965 and 1972. They consist of aluminum and exhibit on each side two doors each. Over the doors are lit course blips.

The cars of the type PA-4 are the youngest Wagenparks and 1986 were built. They consist of stainless steel and exhibit on each side three doors each. The lit course blips are between the doors above the windows.

1972 animated PATH the old tradition again to designate courses. Each car is designated after a municipality in new jersey, in which commuters of and to New York town center live. Although the net of PATH is relatively small-scale, it represents the most important connection to new jersey for 300 municipalities in the Federal State into the metropolis. At the end of each car is an aluminum plaque with a historical overview and a short description of the godfather municipality.

The haven Authority assigned Kawasaki to build 340 new cars in the value from 499 million dollar to. The average age of a car amounts to today over 33 years, the highest value in the entire USA. The cars will be a modernized version of the type R142A, which operates on the lines 4 and 6 the New York Subway. The new cars are to be used starting from 2008.

prices of transportation

since 2005 apply the following prices of transportation on the PATH lines:

  • Single travel: $1.50 (cash or MTA Pay by Ride MetroCard; the PATH QuickCard is for single travels not valid)
  • and return trip: $3.00 (PATH QuickCard or MTA Pay by Ride Metrocard;)
  • 11 travels: $15.00 (only PATH QuickCard; $1.37 per travel)
  • 20 travels: $24.00 (only PATH QuickCard; $1.20 per travel)
  • 40 travels: $48.00 (only PATH QuickCard; $1.20 per travel)
  • seniors: $1.00 per travel (starting from 65 years, only when presenting the PATH senior far Card)

the PATH QuickCards is magnetic strip cards and can in the PATH stations at QuickCard automats as well as ticket automats by new jersey transit be bought. They are to be replaced to end of 2005 by personalisierte smart cards with the name SmartLink.

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