Haven guessing painting

as haven guessing painting (too franz. portrait, “portrait”) one designates a category of the painting, whose article is the illustration of humans in a painting.

one

differentiates differentiation ranges depending upon the size of the screen window with respect to the painting head piece, chest picture, Hüftbild (half figure), elbow (haven-guesses/advises from the head to the knee) and whole haven-guesses/advises.

After the attitude or idiom of the figure, particularly the head, one calls the portrait from the front (EN face, frontal opinion) or of the side taken (EN profile), as half or three-quarter profile.

One calls study heads those sketchily, more for the exercise of implemented portraits.

history

Porträt des Dogen Francesco Venier by Tizian
haven-guesses/advises the Dogen Francesco Venier by Tizian
Selbstportrait von Rembrandt (1660, English Heritage, Kenwood House, London)
Selbstportrait of rem Brandt (1660, English Heritage, Kenwood House, London)
haven-guesses/advises a girl of frays to Koppelaar (2005, private collection)

the haven guessing painting was already in the antiquity with the Egyptians well trained, as numerous portraits of the deceased prove. With the Greeks it arrived only in the alexandrinischen time at the highest completion. At the masterful organization arrived in the Greek art also ideal haven advice. Those are freely invented character types, production after the ideal nature of the individual concerned and the artist also not personally admit (statues and heads of the Homer, Äsop etc.). With Lysipp and its brother Lysistratos, which casted first Gesichtsmasken after the life, penetrated the realistic view into the haven guessing art. The Romans have thereupon this haven advice trained in virtuoser way (Augustusstatue of the Vatikani museum, heads of the Caracalla, Hadrian).

In the Renaissance time haven-guessed/advised first by the sculptors (Mino there Fiesole, Desiderio there Settignano, Rossellino, Luca della Robbia and others) as highest, naturalistischer Virtuosität was trained. The painters followed only later. In the bloom time to the Italian painting it succeeded to it then, haven-guesses/advises the meaning of a character picture to give, in which the whole nature of the representing arrives at the expression.

Raffael and Tizian lead herein, among the Dutchmen Rubens, van Dyck, particularly fray to neck and rem Brandt, from the Spanish school Velázquez. The latter masters know to deepen also by koloristische tendency and important background the description.

More simply, but those of haven advice of a Dürer and a getting leg are uncommonly characteristic. The Netherlands painting brought the Konversationsstücke in such a way specified and the Doelen (protecting) and pieces of regent up, in which the Porträtierten was significantly connected to free groups.

Since that 17. Century stepped the Porträtbildnerei so much into the foreground that no painter extracted itself of importance from the same. From preferential haven guessing painters of the more recent time the Frenchmen David , Gérard , Ingres , Cabanel , Bonnat , Carolus Duran , the German winter owners , are awake, Magnus, Hensel, G. Judge, Angeli, Lenbach, the Englishmen Reynolds, Gainsborough, Millais, Herkomer, the Dutchmen Isaac Israëls, Vincent van Gogh, Paul Citroen, Sierk Schröder, fray to Koppelaar to call.

Commons: Painted portraits - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

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