Floats


Floats
base data
state: Poland
Woiwodschaft: Large Poland
district: Circle-free city
surface: 261.3 km ²
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 52° 24 ′ N, 16° 55 ′ O
52° 24 ′ N, 16° 55 ′ O
height: 60 - 154 m and. NN
inhabitant: 570.778 (1. January. 2005)
Postal zip code: 60-010 to 61-890
telephone preselection: (+48) 61
Kfz characteristics: PO
economics & traffic
of branches:
Road:
Railway:
Next int. Airport: Airport floats
municipality
kind of municipality:
Municipality arrangement:
Surface: km ²
inhabitants: ()
Administration
city president: Ryszard Grobelny (2006)
address: pl. Kolegiacki 17
61-841 Poznań
Web operational readiness level: www.city.poznan.pl


floats (Polish Poznań [ˈpɔznaɲ], lat. Posnania ), convenient in the western part of Poland to the Warthe, is the historical capital of the province large Poland and the Woiwodschaft of the same name. It is belonged to center of industry, trade and research and to the cultural centers of the country. The university town is besides traffic junction between Warsaw and Berlin.

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history

Jesuiten church

floats is one of the oldest cities in today's Poland. It is not clear, when the city developed. Already before 12,000 years the first settlers let themselves be proven. By the geographically interesting situation to the Warthe lay floats at the age-old commercial paths between east and Western Europe. This made possible of the city floats a constant development.

The first mention Posens as fastened settlement is to be determined in the Thietmarchronik in the year 1005. Both from the Thietmarchronik and from archeological finds in the city of floats it comes out that floats one of the most strongly developed fortresses was in the State of Boleslaus of the bold one (Boleslaw Chrobry).

1038 attacked Böhmen the Piastenland, kidnapped the precious Reliquien of the holy Adalbert and occupied Schlesien. The idea of the böhmischen prince Brzetyslaw could stop the economic development Posens just as little like the transfer of the capital from floats to Krakau by Kasimir the Erneuerer. At the turn 12. to 13. Century changed itself floats of a military castle and a prince seat into a city after the model, as it already existed in Western Europe. Floats municipal law, lent from Przemyslaw I., had and with Stadtmauern was surrounded since 1253 farm servant citizens. Likewise 13 existed since that. Jhd. parallel to the Polish settlement a large German settlement.

Floats on the left of the Warthe received a market place. In 16. Century flowered the city up and became one of the most important commercial centres of the Polish state at that time. In the years 1550 to 1560 the well-known Italian building master at that time Gianbattista Quadro converted the city hall. A considerable innovation introduced already in the year 1519 bishop Jan Lubrañski, i.e. the donation of a Kollegiums, which got the name with the time Lubrañski academy.

In 17. and 18. Century was braked the ascent of the city by conflagrations, inundations and wars as well as the change of the process of the commercial routes. The situation changed only with king Stanislaw August in the second half 18. Century.

King Stanislaw August had used a commission for the fundamental reform of the Polish State of (commission of the good order). This reached together with the urban authorities the reconstruction Posens, the revival of trade and handicraft. To the end 18. Century counted the city floats already 15,000 inhabitants.

Coats of arms of the Prussian province floats

in the course of the second Polish division occupied Prussian troops to 30. January 1793 floats. Floats capital of the Prussian province floats became. The city government was taken over by Prussian officials and the German office language replaced the Polish. In the following time some important buildings established so the Raczyński library (1829), the hotel “Bazar” (1841), the “society of the friends of the sciences” (1857) and the city theatre (1875). For the industrialization became relevant in particular engine works Hipolyt Cegielskis. The urban appearance changed however only fundamentally after the outline at the beginning 19. Century established Prussian attachments in the year 1902. This made possible the planning of a representative borough by Joseph Stübben, one of the most well-known German town planners of its time. After its plan concerning town construction in the following years a number of public buildings in different architectural styles was realized: the royally Prussian academy (today Collegium minus), the emperor palace and the opera (1910).

Strong

ethnical tensions in the city arise to city hall at the end of the First World War. The ethnical composition of the city was at this time certain by the following relative importance: 55% polnischsprachige and 45% German-speaking inhabitants (Prozentzahlen based on the last census of 1910). Many polnischsprachige Posener saw a political possibility for a back arrangement of the city in appearing the military defeat of the German empire into the again-created Polish state. To 27. December 1918 broke out in floats a rebellion Polish nationalist, who expanded in the further process since far parts of the province floats. The tendency of the Polish insurgent ones success had granted. Die Stadt und mit ihr weite Teile der preußischen Provinz Posen wurden im Zuge des Versailler Vertrages dem neu errichteten polnischen Staat ohne vorherige Volksabstimmung angegliedert. In the year 1919 the Posener university was called in the life. Starting from the year 1921 the Posener commercial fairs took place, which received also international attention starting from 1925. In the twenties it came to constant industriellen an upward development in the city. The high point of this development after the First World War was the 1929 organized general national exhibition. In the years 1919 - 1923 left 50,000 of that about 60,000 Germans (i.e. about 83%) Floats or were forced by measures of the Polish local authoritieses to the drift (Antoni Zubinski, Poznań w latach 1919 - 1939, Poznań 2000).

The further development of the city was interrupted by the Second World War. In September 1939 the armed forces occupied floats, and the city became capital realm gau of the Wartheland. To 23. February 1945 was conquered the city by Soviet troops of the general Shukow after heavy fights. After the income of the city in the years 1945 to 1947 the entire German-speaking population Posens under more forced nearly complete leaving of their entire possession was almost driven out by Polish authorities. The future was by the reconstruction war-causes partly strongly destroyed city coined/shaped. In particular the city hall destroyed in the war up to the foundation walls and the historical market place are developed with large love for the detail again and represent today an important tourist attraction.

From the main events of the postwar years in floats above all the events from June 1956 (worker rebellion, that into road fights with the communist police ignored Posener rebellion) are, two attendance of Pope Johannes Paul II. in the years 1983 and 1997 as well as the summit Weimar triangles, a meeting of the Chancellor Kohl at that time with the presidents of France and Poland, Chirac and Kwaśniewski to call in the year 1998. 1999 closed thousand-year old history Posens a circle - in Ostrów Lednicki became the remnants of the Pfalz of Mieszko I. discovered, a large event for Poland.

In the year 2003 jährte itself to 750. Times the award of municipal rights at floats by the Piastenfürsten Przemyslaw I. and Boleslaw the pious one. The city administration and the donation “750 years of municipal rights Posens” accomplished a true festival of events and meetings from politics and culture from this cause. The patronage over the historical city anniversary had taken over the Polish president Alexander Kwaśniewski.

The diocese floats was furnished by emperor Otto and was subordinate to the ore diocese Magdeburg. After the reformation had floats predominantly Evangelist, today predominantly catholic inhabitants.

objects of interest

eastern market place

worth seeing are the old part of town and the cathedral. In the old part of town old persons city hall and the old person market are particularly important. Outstanding the national museum (Muzeum Narodowe) with branch offices is also outside of the city, among other things in the largePolish locks Rogalin, Gołuchów and Śmiełów. The most well-known characteristic of the city is the fair.

economics and traffic

floats are one of the most important locations for industry and services in Poland. Besides it is important exhibition booth place.

Floats is the most important traffic junction in the west of Poland. Here the freeway 2 (in the future a2 ) of the German runs to the Byelorussian border over Warsaw. Furthermore an important railway junction with connections is here to Berlin, Warsaw Minsk - Moscow, Breslau and Stettin. With floats is an international airport.

Universities of

the city floats accommodates the following universities:

  • Akademia Medyczna w Poznaniu (medical University of)
  • Politechnika Poznańska (poly-technical University of)
  • Uniwersytet in. Adama Mickiewicza (UAM, dt.: Adam Mickiewicz university)
  • Akademia Rolincza in. Augusta Cieszkowskiego (agricultural university „August Cieszkowski “)
  • Akademia Sztuk Pieknych (Kunstunversität)

a partnership between cities maintains partnerships the city floats with the state capital of Lower Saxony Hanover.

sons and daughters of the city

see also

Web on the left of

Commons: Poznan - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)