Prädestination (lat. praedestinatio: Predetermination) is the personal, impenetrable advice conclusion of God with a personalem character over the eternal welfare or the eternal condemn-sneezes humans. The Prädestinationslehre is a religious faith conception, which means that the fate of humans in the purchase is intended for the welfare alone by God. The characteristic “ to be chosen “by God or” rejected “, depends thus not on acting or believing a person, but only on the personal decision of God.

The first strict Prädestinationslehre developed Augustinus. In the catholic church against it generally the view of a lasting freedom of choice of humans became generally accepted in relation to the grace gifts. Reformed theology (Johannes Calvin, Zwingli) represented originally - in some circles to represented today - sharpest the Prädestination, i.e. the fundamental predetermination of each individual humans either to the blessedness (without earnings/services) or to condemn-sneeze (without debt) as double Prädestination. The objections of the Remonstranten were condemned on the Dordrechter Synode (1618-1619). Moyse Amyraut (1596-1664) tried to reduce this condemnation by the universalism hypotheticus, thus by the acceptance of a benevolent will of God to make all humans on the condition of the faith blessed. On the other hand 1674 the inhabitant of zurich professor Johann Heinrich Heidegger and its Geneva colleague François Turrettini ( 1623-1687) with the Consensus Helveticus turned.

Martin Luther knew a double Prädestination likewise in certain way, placed however choosing to the welfare into the foreground. A strict Prädestinationslehre represents also the orthodox Islam.

In the today's time the reformed and lutherischen churches, which are under the roof of the EKD, summarized the thing in common their theory in the Leuenberger Konkordie. Here an excerpt from the Korkordie:

“In the gospel the unconditional acceptance of sündigen humans will promise by God. Who trusts in it, the welfare and praise God choosing may be certain. About choosing can be spoken therefore only in the view of the appointment to the welfare in Christ. The faith makes the experience that the welfare message is not accepted by all, it respects however the secret of God working. It testifies at the same time Ernst of human decision like the reality of the universal welfare will of God. The Christ certification of the writing refuses us to accept an eternal advice conclusion of God for the definite distortion of certain persons or a people. “

The Prädestinationslehren of the reformed churches is directed as theological statements against the fatalism as predetermination by an impersonal power (as fate), indeterminism and particularly against (nature) the scientific-philosophical theories of the December RMI sneezing mash.

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