Prime minister

a prime minister (of frz. le Prime Minister - first) is the highest member of the cabinet in a parliamentary system and thus the boss of the government. The female form of the word is a Prime Minister minister.

Prime minister, in some states also Prime Minister or Department of State mentioned; in Germany and Austria Bundeskanzler/in, are located thereby over the remaining Ministers of a government.

Differently than in this meaning of the head of the government with its authority handing far the title becomes a Prime Minister minister in some präsidentiellen systems of government (examples: Peru or Republic of China) for the designation of a government official uses. Its obligations then exclusively exist in the conversion of the directives of the president as well as in the administration of the public administration.

A “Zwischenform” between präsidentiellen and parliamentary systems is the Semipräsidentielle system of government,have both in the head of state and “head of the government” a portion of the government guidance.

A situation in a semi präsidentiellen system of government, in which the president and the prime minister belong to different political directions, is called Kohabitation.

Table of contents

history

the first British king from the house Hanover, George I. (1714 - 1727), no English spoke and understood so the cabinet meetings not. Thereforeit left the practice of the Regierungsgeschäfte to its first Minister, Sir Robert whale poles, with whom it spoke French. The term Prime Minister was never used, but during George's term of office the power of a head of the government had acquired itself whale poles. Powerthe prime minister continued to rise among the following monarchs.George III. tried in vain to limit it; against its will he had to appoint designated Ministers from the prime minister. Under queen Viktoria ordered the Prime Minister over similar authority as today.

parliamentary democracies

In different parliamentary systems, in particular the Westminster model, the prime minister head of the government is during a head of state ceremonies tasks essentially holds.

it gives

constitutional monarchies to prime ministers also in constitutional monarchies (like for example in the united kingdom and Australia), and in republics, in which the head of state is a selected or appointed civil servant with more or less powers. In a präsidentiellen system however the president stands (or its correspondence) both the state and the government forwards.

an attaining of the prime minister office

in the individual states give it several possibilities of becoming prime ministers: ´

  • appointment by the head of state without parliamentary confirmation (examples: United Kingdom of, New Zealand)
  • appointment by the head of state after nominating a candidate by the parliament(Example:Ireland)
  • appointment by the head of state after nominating a candidate by the largest parliamentary group in the parliament (examples: Australia, Canada, India; in New Zealand the largest parliamentary group places the prime minister)
  • to nominating by the head of state, before the parliament agreesand the head of state the prime minister appoints (examples:Spain; in Germany the Bundestag can select also another candidate, who is appointed the Federal Chancellor)
  • nominating by the head of state for a certain time, in which the prime minister must win a confidence tuning(Example:Italy)
  • direct choice by the parliament (examples: the Canadian provinces northwest territories and Nunavut)
  • direct choice by the people (examples: Israel 1996-2001)
  • Appointment by a national office-holder, who is not the head of state or its representative (example: Sweden)

see also

 

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