|of these articles treats production as production process of goods, for other meanings sees to production (term clarifying)|
production (v. lat.: producere = lead out) are the transformation process caused by humans, that from natural like already produced basic materials using energy, Worker and certain means of production storable restaurant or consumer durables produce. It is part of the operational process. A comprehensive view of production extends not only to organizational and technological criteria, but also to sozio cultural and ethical-normative value conceptions over the work, which it as one of the fundamental procedures is subject for the covering of the human needs.
The term of production is not first limited to the industriellen range thereby. Likewise in the handicraft , in that country is produced - and forestry and in artistic area. Services are reduced producible, as long as a product at least which can be understood in masses as article is produced (television broadcast). Not storable economic goods, as for example electricity, are produced against it usually, but are not ready placed. In publishing housesthe traditional designation production remains responsible as large work area, for paper and ONLINE organisation, sentence etc.
With respect to the industriellen production the manufacturing (parts manufacture and - assembly) is differentiated from process orientated production.
By manufacturing one understands production about discrete, computable parts.The different manufacturing methods economically view distinctive according to production method, according to type of manufacturing
- with number of manufactured parts as organization criterion production control
which. The finishing technique describes the technical methods of the manufacturing.
In process orientated production the goods output is volume-oriented ormeasured. Areas of application are v.a. the chemical and food industry, raw material promotion as well as bulk materials such as cement. With respect to process engineering thereby continuous and intermittent processes are differentiated.
Competitive goods production in high-wage countries is based on qualified specialists, particularly however on a high mechanization degree. The production researchdevelops procedures, equipment and manufacturing plants among other things for the construction of vehicles or the processing trade. Particularly importantly their results are however in the machine and equipment construction, whose products determine over the efficiency of the other branches of industry.
In the last years the globalization hasproduction strongly increased. Here the two main motives reductions of costs and market exploitation play the key roles. Labor costs and the proximity to the market are therefore the two relevant location factors for production. Successfully global active enterprises is it nearly everywhere on thatWorld successfully to achieve exellente productivity and quality. These enterprises adjust themselves to the different conditions and use the location-fair finishing technique and occupation strategy.
production economy, production theory
the view of production is on the industrielle manufacturing however in particularin the production enterprise aligned. The management economics lead it as one of the classical functions in the enterprise (production economy, industrial company teachings, technology).
In the political economy the production theory describes the derivation of the offer curve (offer (political economy)) in the market model. Of a technology, which describes all technically feasible combinations of input factors, the most efficient factor combination - for given prices - leaves itself outgoing deduces (maximization of profit so mentioned). From this factor demand can the goods offer be deduced and.
factor substitution Substitutional thatthe factors to be at will combined, thus factor the other one replace knows.
- Partial factor variation
contrary to the factor substitution, with which the yield quantity remains constant on change of the relationship of the employment factors, changes the yield quantity. Furthermore partially it means that onlya factor changed, which is kept constant others.
- Total factor variation
all factors of production can be used freely (no restriction).
factor relations Regarding the factor relations substitutionale and limitationale production functions can be differentiated.With substitutionalen production functions the yield factors stand in no firm relation to the quantitative yield. Substitionale factors of production can be therefore exchanged against each other without thereby the quantitative yield is changed. In contrast for this the factors stand with limitationalen production functions in onetechnically determined relation to the planned output. For the production of a certain yield a technically exactly specified quantity required of each limitationalen factor of production is necessary. One finds this frequently in the chemical industry.
|Wiktionary: Production - word origin, synonyms and translations|