Like Vergil and Horaz prop. ore was a member of the poetic circle around Maecenas. He is assumed a close personal friend (and model) in addition, Ovids and spent the largest part of his life in Rome, it, some time in Mevania. Hardly more is well-known over its life.
Prop. ore' received works consist of four books of Elegien. The first book (around 28 v. Chr.) its love for Hostia, to which it gives the name Cynthia in the book , describes as driving power of its Dichtkunst. The two next books contain time-critical texts, in addition, Lobeshymnen on Augustus, both on the basis of a grown closer self-confident unity. In the fourth book he comes on the Roman legend circle to speak.
Over prop. ore
name and Vita: Sextus Propertius became approx. 50 v. Chr. as Umbrier in Assisi born and Chr died after 16 v. It was close to Maecenas much, by which it was promoted and supported. Thus he became acquainted with also Horaz and Vergil. Since it belonged to the knight conditions, it enjoyed comprehensive rhetorical training, which uses it with its seals too come should.
Title and materials of its most important works:• A book with altogether 22 Elegien (approx. 29/28 v. Chr.), acts to a large extent of its loving „Cynthia “
- 1. Book: Acts only of Cynthia, brought it to lifetimes large fame already and thereupon taken up to the circle around Maecenas
- 2. and 3. Book: Prop. ore reported from its servile love to Cynthia and comes the desires Maecenas not to the political situation under Augustus to praise
- 4. Book: In Sagenelegien venerable places of Rome and fights are praised and described
the Elegie as kind:A) A Elegie is a poem, which covers usually sad, complaining topics after today's understanding. It prevails a longingful, heavycourageous basic tendency forwards. The origins of the Elegien lie in the dark. In the older griech. Literature was each poem of arbitrary contents of a Elegie, so far it in the verse form of the elegischen Distichons (griech. „this-TIC-hone “- Zweizeiler) is written. This Zweizeiler consisted of hexadecimal meter and Pentameter. b) Liebeselegie: is a creation of the Roman literature, whose general agent is Tibull, prop. ore , Ovid and Catull. As central motive is considered the own life, the own feelings, which are enough from dear joy to special dear wrong.
Contents of the Liebeselegie: At first the love is celebrated too „Cynthia “, whose actual name was Hostia, an educated, beautiful and distinguished lady. The luck love, which insurance of the own eternal loyalty, fulfilled of, which becomes praising and stressing Cynthias beauty, jealousy on competitor, complaint over their unfaithfulness and its sorrowful, tormenting love in the first book treated. Also the second book acts from its servile love to Cynthia, prop. ore describes as, it it to sealing brought, opposes however still Augustus' instructions, over whose martial acts to write, with the simple reason, he has a erotische seal kind with intention selected and no heroische Epos. The third book treats a mixture of different topics and the final lot legend of its loving. (III 25). In the last book prop. ore follows finally Augustus' desires and ties at Kallimachos' „Aitia “, enumerates the victories achieved in the civil war and the battles, cannot it however nevertheless not be taken to call it „citizen graves “.
Models: As models are only the brightistic poets Kallimachos and Philetas of Kos well-known.
Literary technology: 1.Bau: Arranged, but not very consciously, at first prop. ore schwärmt still from its love to Cynthia, later neglects it this partially and dedicates themselves to patriotic topics, how it was desired of Augustus. 2. Telling way: Thought guidance in „the run style of a hare “, therefore very good nerves are necessary, if one did not like to lose the thread. 3. Person characteristic: In the Liebeselegien of prop. ore deepest anger over a competitor around its Cynthia with largest admiration and love for its loving mix. 4. Pictures and Gleichnisse: Pictures and comparisons are usually taken from the nature, to which prop. ore felt very drawn, in order to find peace for sealing. A frequent use of remote mythologischer examples is noticeable. 5. Language and style: By confirmation and Untermauerung of the own statement he tries to revalue its own Elegie valid as inferior literary kind by support and the kind Epos which can be estimated most highly and takes over thereby a particularly high and fine style form. Dichteri self understanding: Um auch anderen Menschen das wundervolle Gefühl weitergeben zu können, das er in seiner Liebe zu Cynthia fühlt, gibt er feinfühlige Einblicke in die seelischen Regungen (-> Thought) of a fallen in love one. Prop. ore' type of representation to examine and their existence conditions describe it used around the relationship of a poet too its MUSE, is very philosophical. World view: In book I-III prop. ore describes its thoughts over its existence as humans and a poet in the Roman society. The individual stages at the beginning of erotischen relationship reflect the internal attitude of the poet to the elegischen way of life again, i.e. a way of life, which is coined/shaped by heavycourageous and longingful tendency. Therefore the separation from Cynthia at the end III. means. Book the refusal of the elegischen life-style. In IV. It looks for book for a new world view, which can be read off in new topic and one to more from Epos leaned telling way. Generally the love in the center and the policy are located however always experience a devaluation.
- H. Tränkle: The language art of the Propertius and the tradition of latin poet language (1960)
- M. Hubbard: Propertius (London, 1974)
- J. P. Sullivan: Propertius, A critical introduction (Cambridge, 1976)
- J. - P. Boucher: Études sur Properce (Paris, 1980)
- P. Fedeli and P. Pinotti: Bibliografia Properzianam 1946-1983 (Assisi 1985)
Web on the left of
|Wikiquote: Prop. ore - Quotations|
| | * Literature of and over prop. ore in the catalog of the DDB
- the Elegien prop. ore in The of the Latin LIBRARY: http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/prop.html
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Sextus Aurelius Propertius|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Latin elegischer poet|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 50 v. Chr.|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Asisium|
|DYING DATE||after 16 v. Chr.|