the province Saxonia was convenient the richest Prussian province, between the former Kingdom of Hanover (Lower Saxony) and the former Kingdom of Saxonia. It umschloss from several very small enclaves existing notion. Today that correspondsProvince Saxonia mainly the country Saxonia-Anhalt. Province capital was Magdeburg. The province Saxonia became 1815 after the war which was lost for Napoleon from areas of the Prussian duchy Magdeburg, the Prussian old Mark and from areas of the former Kingdom of Westphalia as well asformerly Saxonian territories in an educated manner and above all a center of the agriculture ( sugar beets in the farm servant citizens Börde) was, but later also the chemical industry.
The duchy Magdeburg decreases/goes back to that formerly sovereigns ore pin Magdeburg , the lay possession of the archbishop ofMagdeburg, which was secularized according to the regulations of the Westfäli peace of 1648 after the death of the last administrator, duke August von Sachsen-Weissenfels from the house of the Wettiner, in the year 1680 and placed under brandenburgische sovereignty.
1944 became thoseProvince Saxonia divided into the provinces Magdeburg and resound Merseburg, while the governmental district Erfurt of the administration of the realm governor in Thuringia was subordinated. 1945 were again-created the province Saxonia from the former provinces Magdeburg and resound Merseburg and the country notion. Aftera short episode under the designation “province Saxonia-Anhalt” the country Saxonia-Anhalt became from the area.
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area and population
25,529 km ²; 3.622.546 inhabitants (May 1939)
the province Saxonia became 1815formed and received the rank of a duchy. It covered essentially already 1800 ago to Prussia belonging to the parts of a territory Magdeburg and half, the 1802 at Prussia former realm cities Mühlhausen and north living as well as Erfurt arrived and beyond that from the kingdomSaxonia (capital Dresden) at Prussia of retired areas joke mountain, Merseburg, Naumburg, one field, transverse ford and hen mountain with their surrounding countryside (enumerating not locking). Other one likewise at Prussia retired areas of Saxonia (like e.g. the Oberlausitz) became the provinces Schlesien and/or. Brandenburg assigned. Inthe new province Saxonia was integrated also the old Mark (so far with Brandenburg). 1932 received it still the once hannoverschen areas around Ilfeld and Elbingerode.
The province Saxonia essentially consisted of two parts separated spatially by the duchy notion andseveral Exklaven had. Administratively it was arranged into the governmental districts Magdeburg, Merseburg and Erfurt. At the 1. July 1944 was integrated the Hessen nassauische circle rule Schmalkalden the governmental district Erfurt and subordinated to this the realm governor in Thuringia as well as the remaining province Saxoniainto the two provinces Magdeburg and resound Merseburg divided. This separation existed however not for a long time, because after that to 2. World war both provinces were combined including the country notion as well as parts of the country Braunschweig to the country Saxonia-Anhalt, the 1949 a component that GDR was however already dissolved, 1952 again.
After the reunification 1990 the country Saxonia-Anhalt also easily changed borders was established again, sees Saxonia-Anhalt.
administrative arrangement of the province Saxonia (until 1944)
governmental district Magdeburg
- ashtray lives (1901-1950)
- castle (1924-1950)
- half (1817-1825 and 1891-1950)
- Quedlinburg (1911-1950)
- Stendal (1909-1950)
- Calbe a./S.
- waste dump lives
- Jerichow I
- Jerichow II
- Oschersleben (Bode)
- salt whisk
- who Niger desert
governmental district Merseburg
of urban areas
- ice lives (1908-1950)
- resounds to A. D. Saale
- Merseburg (1921-1950)
- Naumburg A. D. Saale (1914-1950)
- white rock (1899-1950)
- joke mountain (Luther city) (1922-1950)
- Zeitz (1901-1950)
- bitter field
- Eckartsberga (seat: Kölleda)
- of one fields mountain circle
- of one fields sea-circle
- transverse ford
- hall circle
- singer living
- gate gau
- white rock
- joke mountain
governmental district Erfurt
of urban areas
- county high stone (district administration office in north living)
- holy city
- Mühlhausen i. Th.
- white lake
- goat back
- 1917 - 1919: Rudolf William count of the school castle
- 1920 - 1927: Friedrich Otto hear-sing, SPD
- 1927 - 1930: Dr. Heinrich Waentig, SPD
- 1930 - 1932: Dr. Carl Falck, Strip packing
- 1933 - 1933: Dr. Briefly milk ago
- 1933 - 1933: Friedrich of Velsen
- 1933 - 1944: Curt of Ulrich, NSDAP
1921: SPD 22.7% - 25 seats | DNVP 19.1% - 21Seats |KPD 17.3% - 19 seats | DVP 14.6% - 16 seats | USPD 10.9% - 12 seats | Strip packing 10.0% - 11 seats | Center 3.6% - 4 seats | Land federation 1.8% - 2 seats
1925: SPD29.7% - 34 seats |NOB 17.3% - 20 seats | KPD 15.4% - 18 seats | DNVP 10.7% - 12 seats | Work and order 6.7% - 7 seats | Strip packing 4.8% - 5 seats | Center 3.9% -4 seats |DNVP/land federation 3.4% - 4 seats | Saver and pensioner 2.2% - 3 seats | DVP 1.6% - 2 seats | DSP 1.2% - 2 seats | DFVP 1.1% - 1 seat | WP 0.9% -1 seat
1929: SPD 31.1% - 37 seats | DNVP 14.9% - 17 seats | KPD 13.7% - 16 seats | DVP 8.6% - 10 seats | WP 6.1% - 8 seats | NSDAP 5.8% - 7 seats | Strip packing 4.1% - 5 seats | Center 3.8% - 5 seats | CNBL 2.9% - 4 seats | Land federation 2.5% - 4 seats
1933: NSDAP 48.1% - 54 seats | SPD 21.4% - 25 seats | KPD 12.8% -15 seats |DNVP 13.5% - 14 seats | Center 3.7% - 5 seats
at 100% missing voices = in the Provinziallandtag not represented choice suggestions.
Web on the left of
Jülich Kleve mountain -
Grand Duchy of Niederrhein -
south Prussia -
(1878-1922) East Prussia - west Prussia - floats - Pommern - Brandenburg - Schlesien - Saxonia - Westphalia - Rhine province - Schleswig-Holstein - Hanover - Hessen Nassau
(based after 1922) border Mark float west Prussia - Upper Silesia - Niederschlesien - resound Merseburg - Magdeburg