the alias (Greek ψευδώνυμο, psewdónimo - literally the wrong name of ψεύδος, pséwdos [neutrally] - the lie and όνομα, ónoma - the name) is a fictitious name, which is particularly used by artists and writers, overof them protects identity to hide.

For the choice of an alias there are numerous reasons: The fear of pursuit or scandals plays likewise a role like the desire for individuality and originality. Not least it is sometimes also simple the funat confusion, which lets humans seize to aliases (see also Luther blow-set). All world names are often simplified gladly soundful arranged (Gustav Meyer → Gustav Meyrink), during difficult, unusual or fremdsprachige names (Nikolaus Günther Nakszynski → Klaus Kinski) andlong names to be shortened (Udo Jürgens or Peter Alexander). Some persons work time life under an alias (z. B. Friedrich baron v. Hard mountain → new fact-read, Marguerite de Crayencour → Marguerite Yourcenar), during others only for certain lifeor creative periods or for special works their names change (z. B.Jasmine Wagner → Blümchen, Agatha Christie → Mary Westmacott, Stephen King → smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Bachman).

Many aliases are pure fantasy things. Sometimes a Anagramm becomes from the letters of the correct nameformed (z. B.François Rabelais → Alcofrybas Nasier, Paul Celan → Paul Ancel). Similar forms are the Ananym, with which the real name is backwards read shown (z. B. Briefly W. Marek alias C. W. Ceram) and that Kryptonym, which contains only individual letters (z. B. Refuge Bosetzky → - ky).

Occasionally women behind man names with a Pseudoandronym ( z hide themselves. B. Karen Blixen → Isak Dinesen) or men behind woman names with a Pseudogynym (z. B. Pro by Mérimée→ Clara Gazul).

something similar - a nyme

further feature is the Traduktionym: the translation of the real name into another language (z. B. Latin: George farmer → Georgius Agricola, Gerhard Kremer → Gerhard Mercator oder griechisch: Philipp Schwarzerdt -> Philipp Melanchthon). In the Middle Ages and the early modern times this was common, since in academic circles and also in the policy latin was particularly used for the communication.

To be selected more rarely the Aristonym, that its carrier with a title of nobility revaluationsis (the Aristonym similar a case is Dr. Seuss, which did not lead an academic title), or the Hagionym, which contains the name of a holy one (z. B. Halldor keel Kiel Laxness). Beyond that there is still the Allonym, thatgives the name of a well-known personality (z. B. with Pablo Neruda, which designated itself after January Neruda); the Geonym, a map reference (z. B.: Stendhal, Peter Altenberg) contains and the Phraseonym, that the names inForm of an idiom shows (z. B.Farin vacation).


a special form frequently which can be found within the range of the Unterhaltungsindustrie is the collecting alias: the fictitious name is assigned to a certain material existing person in this case not, butused from an enterprise to the uniform publication by works, which come in truth from different authors. Usual practice is this procedure with publishing houses, which publish trivial literature in booklet form. Also clay/tone carrier companies availed themselves already early of a similar concept: a well-known examplethe indication of interpreter is “orchestra Eric Harden”, which was used since the late 20's on countless plates of German labels - “Eric Harden” was not an existing person, but could for any Studioorchester, the straight for the necessary photographs toOrder stood. Many disk companies possessed further collecting aliases of similar kind; the label Odeon marketed about for many years hit photographs of different singers under the name “Fred merry”. A recent use example is Bert Brac, a collecting alias for Begleitmusik composers of the radio play label EUROPE. An examplefrom the science (with enormous influence) is Nicolas Bourbaki.

Aliases are today named-legally protected. After copyright an artist has the right to specify under which name (alias) it wants to be called. The duration of copyright depends then on it,whether the person concerned admits is or not. For the choice of the name there are however certain restrictions by personality rights others.

Another form of alternative names are the pointed names and user name. These are in the course of the spreading ofComputers and the Internets in the meantime for many essential become. Thus it requires it z. B. with the right assignment with operating systems or for the use of Internet use possibilities such as E-Mail or forums. Here a Pseudonymisierung is not compelling, except perhapsstrong delimitation of the name length, is however in some cases quite recommendable.

A characteristic of an alias can be “verinymity” (of “true name”), i.e. to determine the possibility the true name for the alias, or evenly not. This characteristic can importantlyits, if the user of the alias liked to be safe that its true name, its identity, is not determinable (Liberty Alliance Project).

see also

Wiktionary: Alias - word origin, synonyms and translations
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Wikipedia, copyright and aliases
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