Pula [ˈpuːlâ] (Italian Pola, German becomes outdated to Polei and Slovenian Pulj) the largest city of the peninsula is Istrien in the northwest of Croatia with 58.594 inhabitants ( conditions 2001 ). Pula liesclose of the south point of the istrischen peninsula and belongs to the catholic Diözese Poreč Pula.
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the predominant majority of the populationplace with 71,65 per cent the Croats.
Pula can look back on one approximately 3.000-jährige history.
Among emperors Augustus the Amphitheater was built, which is today one the main marriage worthynesses of the city. Beside the Amphitheater it gives from thataugusteischen time Rome and August US temple, the Stadtmauer with gates, received in parts, and the remnants of two theatres.
In the time of Austria Hungary the city was the naval port of the monarchy. Also those were stationed the German war navy here beside the submarines of the Austrian-Hungarian war navy.In the astronomy it is well-known by Johann Palisa, which discovered the first 29 of its 123 Asteroiden at the there observatory from 1874 to 1880. The naval observatory was connected with the hydraulicgraphic office.
At the end of the Second World War the city was taken in May 1945 by Yugoslav troops and becametogether with Istrien to a part of Croatia, a situation, which was confirmed in the peace treaty of 1947. Together with completely Croatia Pula was until 1991 part of Yugoslavia.
traffic and tourism
close one of the city is the national park Brijuni consisting of fourteen islands.
In Pula in the year 1870 the first navigation museum of the world was furnished.
Pula has an international airport.
objects of interest
one the main marriage worthynesses of the city is the Amphitheater, which was built among emperors Augustus. It has a size of 133x105 meters, offered about 23000 humans place and is thereby one the largest Amphitheatern built by the Romans. Inlarge parts up to the original height of 32.5 meters received front is likewise augusteisch in newer opinion.
Impressing, if also not as largely as the Amphitheater, the Triumphbogen of the family Sergius is, between 29-27 the v. Chr. to the memory of the victory Octavians in that Battle was built by Actium. Worth seeing is also the Augustustempel (2 v. Chr-14 n. Chr).
partnership between cities
sons and daughters of the city
- wolf ofAichelburg, Romanian-German writer
- Franz Karl Ginzkey, Austrian officer, poet and writer
- Karl Albrecht of having castle Lorraine, Austrian and Polish military and landowner
- Herman Potočnik, Slovenian space travel theoretician
- Alida Valli, Italian actress
- Günther Fischer: The Roman Pola. An archaeologicalUrban history. Bavarian academy of the sciences, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-7696-0105-X (papers of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences/philosophical-historical class, N.F. ; Bd. 110)
Web on the left of
|Commons: Pula - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
- official Web operational readiness level
- city plan Pula, information for tourist
- tourism federation Pula
municipalities: Bale | Barban | Brtonigla | Cerovlje | Fažana | Gračišće | Grožnjan | Kanfanar | Karojba | Kaštelir Labinci | Kršan | Lanišće | Ližnjan | Lupoglav | Marčana | Medulin | Motovun | Oprtalj | Pićan | Raša | Sveta Nedelja | Sveti Lovreč | Sveti Petar u Šumi | Svetvinčenat | Tinjan | Višnjan | Vižinada | Vrsar | Žminj
coordinates: 44° 52 ′ 18 "n. Break, 13° 50 ′ 52 " o. L.