sweater is the name for a frequently knitted or however in any way worked article of clothing, which is pulled over the head. The word comes from the English and means practicing educator ( ton pull = cover, more over =). Only for approximately 1817 the term sweater happened into the German vocabulary and even radical Sprachschützer to give to find no adequate German translation more which would not lead to misunderstandings.

For approximately 1950 also the Diminutiv becomes Pulli, with which one originally marked a Pullunder nearly equivalently used. Today in ordinary the linguistic usage only cord sweaters are usually called sweaters. Sweaters from more finely worked Sweatshirtstoff are designated than Sweatshirts.

Norwegian sample

table of contents

colors, sample, material

sweater gives it from many textile fibers, like e.g. Fleece wool, Kashmir wool, silk and cotton. Admixtures from artificial fibers such as Polyacryl are far common for the improvement of the inherent stability.

Also the most diverse colors and samples are conceivable. Mentioned are here the famous Norwegian sample and the era sample.

Norwegian and era sample

first originate from the north, not however from Norway. Iceland, the Färöer and the Shetland islands are the homeland of this multi color and mehrfädigen cord sample. Like the era sample, which originates from the Irish era islands and from Ireland and which characterizes itself by the plastic working Zöpfe, burls and rhombuses, these served the enclosure and the wind impermeability apart from the marking of the origin (kinship, family) above all in addition, by the auxiliary threads.

the plastic era sample

this very day are knitted sweaters as gifts much likes.


in earlier times knitted the wife to the sailor or Fischer than Glücksbringer its own hair also inside. Also one provided the sweaters in Ireland and on the Guernseys with the initials of the men, so that they could be more easily identified with a ship misfortune, if they were ashore rinsed. The family-typical samples served the same purpose on the Hebriden.

in addition,

forms as the samples are just as different the neck conclusions, collars and cutouts.

Are most common the V-cutout (under it, depending upon clothe style, T-Shirt, Polohemd, shirt or shirt with tie), the round neck cutout and the medium-high neck cutout, English. “Turtleneck”. In addition there is the submarine cutout and the roll collar.

To the different cord samples see under cords.

Some sweaters are manufactured and even over the entire clothing are carried nowadays from wind and wasserundurchlässigen materials by trained diaphragm.
Ein Sweatshirt
A Sweatshirt

to it belong:

  • Skipullover
  • Joggingpullover (Sweatshirt)
  • sail sweater

mode: History and image

during the sweaters long time as incompatible applied with more fashionable and with respectable clothes, were established it in the course 20. Century gradually. This process is coupled with of sport on the one hand and with reform movements on the other hand. So Twinset in the lady clothing could be established in the 30's.

In the 50's the Existenzialisten a minimalistic fashion zelebierten, in which the Rollkragenpullover a brand name of this scene became, in particular in black. Straight one in intellectual circles it became the classical author. In its light form it acquired itself since the outgoing 1960er years a respectable image and can also without tie under a jacket be carried and is considered nevertheless as “socially portable, “in the academic surrounding field, within the Business range is today not yet established in particular it against it until.

In the context of the ecology - and alternative movement in the 70's into the 80's rough same-knitted sweaters from Naturmaterilien were gladly carried. They should not work consciously respectablly and established. In particular adheres to Norwegian sweaters to today this Öko image.

The Popper against it carried noble, finely and smoothly knitted sweater from noblest materials (e.g. from Kashmir wool /Cashmere) of considerable marks, like Lacoste.

Into the 1980er years began itself the Sweatshirt more and more to intersperse, also as part of a complete Jogginganzugs.

In the 90's the Techno discovered - movement the Skipullover and of the 70's 60's as part of the Clubwear. Scond hand Shops became popular points of approach, in order to purchase original commodity. In addition, the sweaters were copied or had a feeling for of the mode industry as Retro models.

Into the Streetwear - ranges dominated and dominate against it for the 80's to today Sweatshirts the happening, in particular with hood (also to disguising). That concerns both the scenes Hip Hop and Skater and hooligan and autonomous one.

With today's young people and young adults Sweatshirts are altogether often more popular than cord sweaters. Sweatshirts to basic elements of of the contemporary fashion (Basics) developed. Due to their even surface they are suitable for printing on, therefore there are them as a fan - Reliquie and with various motives and slogans. The signatures are partial and/or. Motives also gestickt or sewn on. Mark-oriented humans of the recent and middle generation carry gladly with plakativen Markenlogos provided Sweatshirts. Sweatshirts are also with sewn on hood to have (Kapuzenpullover). Sweatshirts adheres a sportier image.

The cord sweaters of some manufacturers such as Carlo Colucci, Coogi and tundra apply in certain circles as cult objects. Partially the remarkably examined sweaters are collected also and are considered partly than prestige object. The adjustment on mark clothes is differentiated discussed between and within the youth cultures.

see also

Wiktionary: Sweater - word origin, synonyms and translations

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)