Punt (Egyptian pwn.t: <hiero> p-wn: nth: xAst< /hiero> was a gold country, whose name is frequent on old-Egyptian inscriptions. It was probably at the horn of Africa, perhaps in the today's Somalia (Puntland) or in Eritrea. that it continued to be substantially south, approximately in Mozambique or Simbabwe, rejected, since the distance was too large to Egypt and even in Roman time the geographical knowledge in Tanzania stopped. Possibly is Punt with with Claudius the Ptolemäus, Geographike Hyphegesis IV, 7 (under 81°00' Ö.L. 4°15' N.B.) and the Periplus Maris Erythraei commercial centre mentioned Opone (Οπώνη) identically. The Egyptians imported 3 from Punt since that. Millenium v. Chr. Weihrauch, ebony, ivory, gold, eye make-up, ape, dogs, Pantherfelle, straussenfedern as well as ostrich eggs. From representations in Egyptian inscriptions it follows that Punt was because of the sea and that the inhabitants, who let themselves be arranged according to clothes and Haartracht into three groups, into buildings of stakes lived and held cattle.
Punt is also often marked in the old inscriptions as “country of the Gods” and of the research often with Ophir, a Biblical sayful rich country and/or. Gold country, brought in connection.
In the Hatschepsut - temple in Deir el-Bahari becomes mentioned column-resounds an expedition after Punt of 1482 v., at the wall „ of the Punthalle “. Chr. represented. Wherever the Egyptians of peaceful legations and commercial expedition may be met to earlier or later epochs once on Punt, at least martial enterprises of Egypt to the south did not go for the reign of the queen Hatschepsut however beyond the Sudan.
Web on the left of
- Hatscheputexpedition 
- text and translation of the expedition report Hatschepsuts
- Karola Zibelius: African local and people names in hieroglyphischen and hieratischen texts. (Supplements to the Tübinger Atlas of the front Orients. B, Nr.1 lines up) Ludwig enriches Wiesbaden, 1972. ISBN 3-920153-18-9