They consist themselves of two for instance equal long mountain chains, from the gulf of Biscaya andoverlap coming in the east of the Cap Cébère in the range of the Val d'Aran. The Val d'Aran is bridged by the haven de Bonaigua, whereby these two mountain chains are connected.
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the Pyreneeses divided into thosewestern or Atlantic Pyreneeses, the high or central Pyreneeses and the eastern Pyreneeses. The range of the high Pyreneeses extends in the west of the haven de Canfranc up to the Val d'Aran in the east. Highest mountain is the pico de Aneto in the Maladeta massif also3,404 M. There are approximately two hundred summits over 3000 m in the Pyreneeses. The highest mountains are also still vergletschert, although since for instance in the middle 19. Century a strong decrease of the glaciers to observe is. That formerly very muchmuch of its former size lost impressing Ossoue glaciers at the Vignemale.
politics, history and economics
It becomes extensivePastoral industry with sheep, cattle and goats operated, in the summer months also on the Hochalmen. Particularly in the western Pyreneeses different cheese places are manufactured. In the Kalkgestein outweighing there often caves are present, in those the cheese upthe Almen to mature knows. Produced cheese from cow and sheep milk is frequently also mixed. Well-known sorts are the Ossau Iraty from the Vallee d'Aspe, the Vallee d'Ossau and adjacent Spanish Pyreneeses, and the Pyrenees cheese made in the Basque country of cow's milkwith its black layer of wax. Also from goat milk fresh and stored goat cheese is manufactured. In the Vorgebirgen both on the French (Jurançon, Corbières), and on the Spanish side viticulture is operated. To center 20. Century played Smuggling an important role.
the Pyreneeses developed like the alps before approximately 50 to 100 million years in the Tertiary period. The western Pyreneeses consist predominantly of limestone, against what in the central Pyreneeses different granites dominate. That Faltengebirge was covered particularly during the worm ice age with a closed ice cover. By the ice age some Hängetäler and many thousand glacier lakes formed.
on thatFrench side also still some brown bears live in the large mixed woodlands in approximately 1800 m height. In the high-alpine ranges the Pyrenäengemse ( French isard , Spanish sarrio or rebeco ) is to be found. Although originally domestic, do not have themselvesthe Murmeltiere immigrated from the alps much spreads. Rarely and in its existence Pyrenäen-Desman, a subspecies of the family of the moles is threatened. At birds for instance the stone -, dwarf - is, and Habichtsadler as well as geese -, monk and To call beard vulture. There is a large number of insects, here is noticeable above all those to approximately 300 kinds of butterfly as well as grasshoppers and beetles .
There are three of national park in the Pyreneeses. The oldest is been the 1917 on the Spanish side created national park Ordesa y Monte Perdido, south of the Cirque de Gavarnie. This covers a surface of approximately 2175 hectars and is thus the smallest of the three of national park. Also in Spain the national park Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici with an expansion of approximately 105 square kilometers lies. On the French side 1967 became the range from the mountains south of Lescun inVallee d'Aspe in the west to inclusively to the Néouvielle massif in the east to the national park (park national of the Pyrénées) explains.
study of the Pyreneeses
one of the most important Pyrenees researchers was the French Kartograph Franz Schrader (1844-1924),its father at the beginning 19. Century from Magdeburg to France had moved. It has different important massifs of the Pyreneeses mapped, particularly admits became it for the study of the Cirque de Garvanie, to their feet in the small place Garvanieit also buried lies, beside another famous Pyrenees researcher, Henri Russell. Schrader was the Erstbesteiger of the Grand Bachimale (3144 m), Dreitausender it in honours spades Schrader was designated. Schrader was a president of the CAF and knight of the Ehrenlegion.
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