Agony breed

as agony breed one designates the tolerance or promotion of characteristics, which are connected with pain, suffering, damage or behavior disturbances for the animals with breeding of animals. It is forbidden for vertebrate animals in Germany after § 11b of the animal law for the protection.

Table of contents

agony breeding 2 list

, appraisal to the prohibition of agony breeding

to 2. June 1999 on behalf the Federal Ministry for consumer protection, nutrition and agriculture published appraisals for the interpretation of § 11b of the animal law for the protection (prohibition of agony breeding) “is to help in particular all breeders of home animals to become fair their responsibility and to consider the regulations of the animal law for the protection, which concern breeding, in its entirety. A goal is the vital, healthy, pain and suffer-free animal. “

Sound of a definition contained in it is given the agony breeding, if “… with vertebrate animals by breed the promoted or characteristic developments waited (form, color, achievement and behavior characteristics) to less achievements concerning self structure, self-preservation and reproduction lead and in breed-conditioned morphologic and/or physiological changes or behavior disturbances express themselves, those are connected with pain, suffering or damage “.

The appraisal is occupied particularly with dogs and cats, affected in addition, rabbits and birds. It contains a collection of characteristics, which is to lead according to opinion of the consultants to a breed exclusion of characteristic carriers.

list of the characteristics concerned

of dogs

  • Blue dog syndrome (blue earth upper man syndrome)
definition: Bluish gray Farbaufhellung with arrangement for the Alopezie and skin inflammation. Syndrome of lack of pigment.
Arise: Sporadically, familiar frequently up with Dobermann, Dogge, Greyhound, Irish Setter, Teckel, Yorkshire Terrier
genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance.
Symptomatology: By a disturbed Verhornung of the hair follicle epithelium it comes to hair loss with Schuppenbildung, Papeln and Pusteln, as well as secondary follikulärer Pyodermie. The Lymphsystem can change, edemas can develop and a Nebennierendysplasie. Basis of the defect is a suprarenal body insufficiency with immune complex disturbance. Homozygote of animals are apparently more strongly concerned than heterozygote animals (incomplete dominance).
  • Brachy and anuria as well as crippling of the tail spinal column
definition: Differently pronounced Verkürzung of the tail spinal column up to the Stummelschwänzigkeit, with or without crippling the tail (break, Korkenzieherschwanz).
Arise: Sporadically, familiar frequently with French Bulldogge, English Bulldog, Mops, Teckel, Bobtail, Cocker Spaniel, discharger books Sennenhund, Rottweiler
genetics: Break and Korkenzieherschwänze autosomal rezessiv, Brachy and anuria probably autosomal rezessiv, possibly. polygenetisch, possibly with environmental factor.
Symptomatology: Break and Korkenzieherschwanz as well as Verkürzung of the tail spinal column step frequently with deformations at further sections of the spinal column on (block, butterfly and wedge whirlpool formation, Spina bifida). Consequence disturbances of the courses of motion of the Hintergliedmassen up to the paralysis can be, as well as urine and excrement Inkontinenz.
  • Chondrodysplasie
definition: Dwarf stature with Verkürzung of the long tube bones, thereby the member masses. Possibly the cause is a hormoneal misguided policy of the calcium and phosphorus metabolism.
Arise: Basset dog, French Bulldogge, Pekinese, Scottish Terrier, Sealyham Terrier, Welsh Corgis
genetics: Apparently autosomal incompletely dominance.
Symptomatology: Strong arrangement for the early false formation of the intermediate eddy disks, which can lead to a volume disk incident.
  • Dermoid/Dermoidzysten
definition: Skin A INVERTINg at the back, which can into the eddy channel in-rich.
Arise: Rhodesian Ridgeback
genetics: Probably autosomal incompletely dominance with coupling to the gene „Ridge “(hair line with stature moving in opposite directions).
Symptomatology: Before and behind „the Ridge “Zysten arise, this in the embryo from an imperfect or being missing separation from skin and back Mark develop at the back. If the connection to eddy channel and back Mark remains existing, this can lead to the paralysis of the Hinterläufe and to pain sensitivity. In addition inflammatory changes step on by infections (Meningitis, Myelitis):
  • Grey Collie syndrome
definition: Silver-grey Farbaufhellung connected with disturbance of the blood formation.
Arise: Different cool IE breed lines
genetics: Autosomal rezessiv with semilethal factor
symptomatology: By the disturbance of the blood formation (reduction of the neutrophilen Granulozyten) a strong arrangement for infections arises, particularly the mucous membranes. The infection defense lacking leads frequently to death before the sex-ripe.
  • Haarlosigkeit
definition: Haarlosigkeit
occurrence: Chinese naked dog, Mexican naked dog
genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with lethal/semilethal factor
symptomatology: Serious anomalies of dentures, missing Prämolaren, Canini or Incisivi. Immundefizienz, sensitive skin (sun fire, allergies, injuries, fly infestation) and climatic adaptation disturbances.
  • Merlesyndrom
definition: „Tigerung “, with homozygoten animals „white tigers “. Depigmentation with variable minted sensory organ defects.
Arise: Bobtail, Collie, German Dogge, Dunkerhund, Sheltie, Teckel, Welsh Corgis.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance, Subvitalgen.
Symptomatology: With homozygoten animals 50% to 100% of the body surface are unpigmentiert. With it also anomalies of the eyes and the ear arise, therefore a more or less limited Seh and audition. In addition disturbances of the organ of equilibrium and the reproduction arise. White tigers have a perinatale number of deaths up to 47%.
  • Brachyzephalie/Brachygnathie
definition: Broad, round head up to primatenähnlichem round head and/or Verkürzung of the Kiefer and nose bone
occurrence: Boxer, Bulldogs, Chihuahua, Mops, Pekinese, Prince Charles Spaniel, ski Tzu, Toy Spaniel, Yorkshire Terrier
genetics: Polygenie
symptomatology: Heavy births. With Brachyzephalie and Chondrodysplasie inclination to brain tumors and Hydrocephalus. With higher degree of the Verzwergung the thickness of the head roof decreases, connected with persitierenden Fontanellen which to head injuries lead can. The Nebenhöhlen is made smaller by the disproportionate growth of the head bones, it steps Stenosen in the nose openings and - courses up, the palate becomes too long and soft. Consequence are breath complaints and disturbances of the thermal regularization as well as swallowing difficulties. By a pronounced Vorbiss also the dentures function can be unsatisfactory.
  • Ektropium
definition: Auswärtsrollen of the lower edge of lid.
Arise: Accumulated up with Basset, St. Bernard, blood dog, Bulldoggen, Cocker Spaniel, Neufundländer, crowd Pei
genetics: Polygenie with arrangement with fold-rich skin.
Symptomatology: The eyelid conclusion remains incomplete by the Auswärtsdrehen of the lower edge of eyelid. This possibly leads to flow of tears, Konjunktivitis and changes of the cornea/callosity.
  • Entropium
definition: A waiting roles of the edge of lid.
Arise: In particular Bullterrier, Chow Chow, Pudel, Rottweiler, Sennenhund and crowd Pei, in addition, at many other races.
Genetics: Probably Polygenie, familiar frequently up when breeding with low-lying and/or small eyes.
Symptomatology: The lower or upper edge of lid rolled inward leads to secondary Trichiasis with cornea/callosity and binding skin irritations, up to Konjunktivitis and keratitis.
  • excessive, permanent skin formation of wrinkles
definition: Skin folds, which partly or everywhere go into action.
Arise: Partial formation of wrinkles with Pekinese and Toy Spaniel, generalized formation of wrinkles with Basset, blood dog and above all crowd Pei.
Genetics: Probably Polygenie.
Symptomatology: Arrangement to Mucinosen and Dermatitiden, when brachyzephalen races in addition provoking the cornea with keratitis as consequence.
  • Hüftgelenksdysplasie (hp)
definition: Unsatisfactory development of the hip joint.
Arise: In heavy races such as St. Bernard, Boxer, German Dogge, German shepherd dog, Leonberger, Mastiff, Neufundländer, Retriever, Rottweiler, Sennenhund, partially in addition, in smaller races.
Genetics: Polygenie.
Symptomatology: The knöchernen joint portions (Acetabulum, Caput femoris) are trained only insufficiently. The joint becomes unstable, it can a deformation of the Caput femoris, Osteoarthrose and Kapselfibrose arises with spontaneous painful lameness. The pain proceeds from the muscles, which try, to stabilize the joint again.
  • Hypertrophie of the aggression behavior
definition: Exaggerated attack and combat behavior, which are biologically meaningful neither concerning purpose nor a goal easily releasably and.
Arise: In principle at many races, particularly pronouncedly however with Bullterrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, pit bulletin Terrier („combat dogs “)
genetics: Inexplicably. Surely however with genetic determines.
Symptomatology: Each social contact is answered with aggression and damage biting. The biting inhibition opposite social partners cannot develop.
  • further 25 of not far detailed single defects

cats

  • Kurzschwänzigkeit and/or. Schwanzlosigkeit
definition: Differently pronounced Verkürzung of the tail spinal column: Shortened one, rolled up tail, straight lines, short tail (tailed), stub tail (stumpy), taillessly with small recessing in place of the tail (rumpy)
occurrence: Footstep sporadically in all cat populations up, above all however at Manx, Cymric and the various Bobtail races.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance, genes +M and M (not clarified with Bobtails)
+M +M “type of game” with tail
M +M tail schwanzverkürzung of different development
M M lethally (frühembryonaler death)
symptomatology: The tail serves as “balancing pole” when running, jumping and climbing as well as means of communication. With Kurzschwänzigkeit or Schwanzlosigkeit social communication is disturbed on disturbances of the courses of motion to count and. In addition with Manx cats is frequently on eddy deformations to be counted, independently of which “type of tail” (tailed, stumpy, rumpy) it is and they are inclined to substantial defects within the range of the basin and the Rückenmarks, with neurological symptons of deficiency of the final intestine. Tailless animals are frequently in the basin range pain sensitive.
  • Farbaufhellung of the skin and the iris, deafness
definition: Lightened to white skin, eyes frequently blue.
Arise: With purely white or predominantly white gescheckten animals (Turkish Angora, Perser, Foreign White (Siam, OKH), Russian White (Russian blue), Van cat), Akromelanie with Siam and Colourpoint
genetics:
W-series (epistatisches white, covers all other colors): autosomal dominance, shows incomplete Penetranz for Schwerhörigkeit
C-series (POINTs): Autosomal rezessiv
C: pure Albino with red eyes (does not come with cats practically forwards)
cs: Akromelanismus of the Siam, pigmentation is limited to the body ends (legs, ears, face, tail)
cb: Burmafaktor, weakens pigmentation, the “POINTs” is dark
S-series (more or less wide Weissscheckung): Incompletely dominance
I-series (Farbaufhellung of the lower hair shank by inhibitor gene, “silver”): Autosomal dominance
symptomatology: Above all the W-gene provides for Schwerhörigkeit or deafness. Pure-bend cats are about. 43% deaf, mixer-bend about. 27%. The perception from sounds is for the social behavior and the booty catch of importance. Deaf cats cannot hear approximation and threatening sounds of the kind comrades as well as a cheeping and Schnurren of the puppies. With naive animals is partially. the Nachtsichtigkeit impairs. POINT cats are inclined to squinting and eye trembling. Gescheckte of animals can likewise show interior ear defects (Schwerhörigkeit). White cats are generally inclined to skin tumors.
  • Anomaly of the outside ear (tilting and folding ear)
definition: Caps bent occurrence forward or
in the back: With Scottish and Highland Fold, Pudelkatze, American Curl
genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance, gene Fd
symptomatology: Damage to cartilages and bones arises. The social establishment of contact with ears as signal generators is reduced.
  • Anomaly/deviation of the hair dress
definition: Hair growth is disturbed and/or. missing. Palpation hair is shortened and/or. are missing.
Arise: Rex cats and Sphinx aimed an abnormal hair dress. Particularly with Devonian Rex and Sphinx the palpation hair is rippled/crinkled and/or. errors.
Genetics:
R-series: Autosomal rezessive rx-genes of the Rexkatzen (x stands for the different gene places of the different races)
H-series: Autosomal rezessive h, hp or HR genes of the Sphinx
symptomatology: Keratininmangel leads to breaking the hair off and to partial Haarlosigkeit. The palpation hair is particularly necessary with darkness for orientation and also for the booty catch and for social contacts is needed.
  • Chondrodysplasie
definition: Dwarf stature with Verkürzung of the long tube bones, thereby the member masses.
Arise: Munchkin (Dackelkatze)
genetics: Not clearly clarified, could be autosomal dominance with incomplete Penetranz. Possibly in addition, polygenetisch.
Symptomatology: The member masses are clearly shortened. On it is to be counted on changes of the intermediate eddy disks and on volume disk complaints.
  • Polydaktylie (Vielfingrigkeit)
definition: Surplus toes.
Arise: Footstep sporadically in all races up, frequently up with Maine Coon.
Genetics: Autosomal dominance with variable Expression (different number of additional toes), gene Pd, semilethal error (however to doubt is)
symptomatology: Surplus toes can be “invisible” also, which possibly. to inflammations by deformed claws to lead can.
  • Brachyzephalie
definition: Large, round head, short, broad nose, pronounced stop. As extreme a Stupsnase, with which the top margin of the nose mirror lies clearly over the lower edge of the lids (Peke Face).
Arise: Perser and Exotic Shorthair
genetics: Polygenie is assumed.
Symptomatology: Heavy births (large head), higher stillbirth rate, Verkürzung of the Oberkiefers, narrowing of the upper respiratory system, narrowing of the tear nose channels
  • Entropium
definition: A waiting Southern German Broadcasting Corporation marriages of the edge of lid.
Arise: Sporadically at all races, frequently up at brachyzephalen races.
Genetics: Polygenie, predominantly in connection with Brachyzephalie.
Symptomatology: The pivoted upper or lower edge of eyelid leads to the irritation of the horn and binding skin. Consequence are Konjunktivitis and keratitis.
  • further 20 of not far detailed single defects

rabbit

  • Punktscheckung
definition: Point examination of the otherwise white skin.
Arise: Cheque rabbit (English Schecke, German Riesenschecke, Rheini Schecke, Widderschecke, Klein corner, white Hotot).
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance, with modification genes, therefore very variable. Semilethalfaktor.
Symptomatology: With increasing age arrangement to heavy intestine disturbances. Hypertrophie of the suprarenal body crust, which suggests increased continuous stress.
  • Zwergwüchsigkeit
definition: Extreme dwarf stature.
Arise: Dwarf races such as Hermelinkaninchen and color dwarves.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance (gene Dw), Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: Many disease arrangements. Increased arrangement to Brachygnathie (anomaly of tooth position in upper and lower jaws). As a result of Kompressionsstenosen of the tear nose channel within the range of the tooth roots tear discharge disturbances arise.
  • Langohrigkeit
definition: Superproportionally long ears.
Arise: Widderkaninchen, particularly English Widder.
Genetics: Polygenie.
Symptomatology: Movement restrictions and high danger of injury. High removal of the body warmth.
  • Brachygnathia (Kieferverkürzung)
definition: Verkürzung of a Kiefers opposite the other one, usually the Oberkiefers (Brachygnathia superior).
Arise: Particularly with dwarf rabbits.
Genetics: Not clarified.
Symptomatology: By the Kieferverkürzung no sufficient abrasion of the Schneidezähne takes place. Food intake is limited. Usually with kugelköpfigen animals also occasionally the tear nose channel is clogged, which leads to tear discharge disturbances.

birds

laughter pigeon

  • Seidenfiedrigkeit
definition: No closed feather/spring flag is trained, since the jets of the partially rotated feather/spring branches are not interlocked with one another.
Arise: Breed form of the domestizierten laughter pigeon.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance.
Symptomatology: Deformation of the hook jets as well as unsatisfactory stability and elasticity the feather/spring jet, which tendentious also still rotate. The airworthyness of heterozygoter animals is therefore reduced, homozygote animals is flight unable.

house pigeon

  • Seidenfingrigkeit
definition: No closed feather/spring flag is trained, since the jets of the partially rotated feather/spring branches are not interlocked with one another.
Arise: Breed form of the domestizierten laughter pigeon.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance.
Symptomatology: Deformation of the hook jets as well as unsatisfactory stability and elasticity the feather/spring jet, which tendentious also still rotate. The airworthyness of heterozygoter animals is therefore reduced, homozygote animals is almost flight unable.
  • “Almond”
definition: More or less pronounced multicolor plumage colouring.
Arise: At numerous house pigeon races.
Genetics: Sex-bind, probably Z-chromosomal incompletely dominance.
Symptomatology: With homozygoten animals prä and postnatale deaths. Survivors are almost white and show usually high-grade damages of the eyes. With heterozygoten animals in connection with colordiluting genes lowered Vitalität and disturbances in the course of motion.
  • “Dominance opal”
definition: With hetrozygotem animals the Gefierderfärbung is lightened, the large plumage is faded.
Arise: At numerous house pigeon races.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität. Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: Survivors homozygote animals show strong head trembling and do not reach usually not the sex-ripe. Heterozygotie does not seem to cause defects.
  • Befiederung of the runs and toes
definition: Fussbefiederung in numerous development degrees. Size and form vary considerably.
Arise: Numerous house pigeon races.
Genetics: With strong „Belatschung “Polygenie of the genes „Grouse “and „Slipper “. These provide individually for itself only for a meager Fussbefiederung.
Symptomatology: Strongly belatschte animals are comparatively clumsy and during free flight attitude weather susceptible. Parasite infestation is favoured. Nestlinge can remain hanging on the feathers/springs and from the nest fall (why their parents before the brood the Fussbefederung is cut). From mechanical damage of the Latschenfedern bleedings can result.
  • Hypertrophiertes growth of the bill warts and eye rings
definition: Remarkable change of the nose wax skin and the orbital rings with permanent size increase.
Arise: Particularly pronouncedly with „Indian “and „carrier “.
Genetics: Not clarified, surely however genetically causes.
Symptomatology: By the restriction of the visual field with older animals these cannot fix the fodder any longer optically. The wax skin reorganization can limit the respiration. In the wart folds inflammations develop. Older animals are frequently no longer lebensfähig and must be killed.
definition: Exaggerated blowing of the Kropfes up with air.
Arise: Name-giving characteristic of the Kropftaube („Kröpfer “).
Genetics: Not clarified.
Symptomatology: Impaired Kropfphysiologie. Arrangement to Kropfwandentzündungen due to false fermentation, acidifying and rot formation of the Kropfinhalts.
  • Unphysiologi position of the Intertarsalgelenke
definition: Stretched Intertarsalgelenke.
Arise: Characteristic characteristic of various races.
Genetics: Not clarified.
Symptomatology: Arrangement for degenerative joint illnesses.
  • Kurzschnäbligkeit
definition: Extreme Verkürzung of upper and Unterschnabel.
Arise: Various races.
Genetics: Probably Polygenie.
Symptomatology: Slip problems of through measure-arranged or missing Eizahn. Promotion of bill deformations.
  • Zitterhalsigkeit
definition: Jerky snapping back from head and neck.
Arise: Different races, with „Stargarder trembling necks “in the race standard demanded.
Genetics: Probably autosomal dominance with incomplete Expressivität.
Symptomatology: The movement is remarkably rigid. The anatomically physiological bases of the disturbance are not clarified.
  • Deviating flight behavior (flight roles, Flugpurzeln, taxiing etc.)
definition: „Roles “or „Purzeln “with the Balzflug of the rock pigeon.
Arise: Numerous races.
Genetics: Probably autosomal rezessiv, with variable Expressivität by modifying genes.
Symptomatology: By large Höhenverlust with „the roles “perhaps impact on an obstacle with deadly consequences. „Bodenpurzler “- races show that flight roles on the soil, since they are almost flight unable.
  • Feather/spring hoods and feather/spring eddy
definition: Local anomaly of feather/spring position in the head and neck plumage.
Arise: Numerous races.
Genetics: Autosomal rezessiv. With Perückentauben probably autosomal dominance.
Symptomatology: Obstruction of vision through „vertex roses “and „bill carnations “.

Wellensittich

  • feather/spring hood
definition: Local anomaly of feather/spring position in the head plumage.
Arise: Standardized variant with look Wellensittichen.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität., Subvitalfaktor.
Symptomatology: Total lethality with pure and mixer-bend to animals 48%. Embryos die by brain bleeding. Lebensfähige animals show numerous anomalies due to a abnormen brain enlargement such as Muskeltremor, equilibrium and co-ordination disturbances, behavior defects. Clearly smaller egg and clutch of eggs sizes with homozygoten animals.
  • “Look Wellensittich”
definition: In the comparison to the type of game remarkable body size, head width and head roundness.
Arise: A standardized breed goal with look Wellensittichen.
Genetics: Probably Polygenie.
Symptomatology: By increased Körpermasse and - size stops itself a certain lethargy. Balz and reproduction activities as well as fertilization rate are reduced. Lower life expectancy in relation to the normal type. As a result of a pronounced Kopfbefiederung a reduced scope arises.
  • “Feather dark”
definition: Abnormal feather/spring growth.
Arise: Sophisticated breed trunks of look Wellensittichen.
Genetics: Probably autosomal rezessiv.
Symptomatology: The feathers/springs are partially six times longer than normal. Thus strong obstruction of vision and almost complete flight inability. Very short lifetime (approx. 9 months) probably through not therapy hereditary acre syndrome of lack of protein, which is released by strong feather/spring growth.

Nymphensittich

  • “Rezessiv silver”
definition: Lightened colouring.
Arise: Color variant with domestizierten Nymphensittichen.
Genetics: Probably rezessiv.
Symptomatology: Substantial weak sight up to the blindness.

house goose

  • curl formation
definition: In particular the cover feathers/springs in the shoulders and wings as well as at the back and at the flank are strongly extended and spiral rotated.
Arise: A breed goal with the curl geese.
Genetics: Probably autosomal incompletely dominance.
Symptomatology: The feather/spring shank is soft and fragile and splits up in the center. The feather/spring halves hang then flabby down and pretend a special abundance. „Over-lured “animals are probably pure-bend and wise growth depressions and Fertilitätsstörungen up.
  • Extreme skin formation of wrinkles
definition: „Wamme “or „keels “called skin folds, which are depending upon nourishing condition more or less greased and partly sharpened at the soil.
Arise: A breed goal with the Toulouser goose.
Genetics: Not clarified.
Symptomatology: The animals are behäbig and immovably, decreased feast-suited. The number fertilized eggs is clearly smaller.

house duck

  • feather/spring hood
definition: Feather/spring hood at the back of the head of variable size.
Arise: Race characteristic of hood ducks. Occurrence also with high breeding flight ducks and dwarf ducks.
Genetics: Probably autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität. Homozygot usually lethally, heterozygot with incomplete Penetranz.
Symptomatology: The hood feathers/springs are in a range with thickened skin. With large hoods the Fontanellen cannot close possibly. This can lead to growing together the hood skin with the brain skins. Thus fabric in the head cave can store itself and displace parts of the brain. The result sensory disorders are and in heavy cases death.
  • Unphysiologi body attitude
definition: Steeply put up body attitude with pushed through Intertarsalgelenken.
Arise: Extremely pronouncedly with Indian run ducks.
Genetics: Not clarified.
Symptomatology: Degenerative illnesses of the joints can occur, since the animals stand as only as possible with the first third of the toes on the soil.

house chicken

  • Ohrbommeln (“Ear Tufts”)
definition: Warzenförmige, befiederte skin excrescences at the side of the head in direct proximity of the ear opening.
Arise: Partial populations of the races Araucana and dwarf Araucana.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität, Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: Also with heterozygoten animals the number of deaths is clearly higher. The Gehörgänge exhibit anomalies of development, so that perhaps the drum skin is because of the head exterior.
  • Schwanzlosigkeit (Kaulschwänzigkeit)
definition: Beside the tail plumage and the Bürzeldrüse are missing also parts of the Synacrums, the free tail eddies and the Pygostyl.
Arise: Kaulhühner, dwarf Kaulhühner, Ruhlaer dwarf Kaulhühner, Araucana, dwarf Araucana.
Genetics: Autosomal dominance with incomplete Expressivität.
Symptomatology: By the absence of the tail feathers/springs and caudaler spinal column sections the chickens have Kopulationsschwierigkeiten, since „the equilibrium stabilizers are missing “. By the missing Bürzeldrüse the chickens are also only unsatisfactorily „weatherproof “. The Küken has often problems with the excrement paragraph, since the excrement in the dunes of the after plumage sticks. This can lead to the complete catch of the Kloakenöffnung.
  • Kurzbeinigkeit
definition: Remarkable Verkürzung and Verdickung of the runs.
Arise: Krüper, dwarf Krüper, Chabos. In similar form with Indian fighters and Indian dwarf fighters.
Genetics: With Krüper and Chabo autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität, Letalfaktor, with Indian fighters probably Polygenie, Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: Homozygote of animals end at the latest in the slip phase.
  • Struppfiedrigkeit
definition: Feathers/springs of the small plumage are curved against the feather/spring line (inverts).
Arise: Different races.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität.
Symptomatology: The plumage is not smoothly because of the body but is outward curved. Frequently are missing the interior flags of the hand rockers, which leads to the flight inability. Homozygote of animals are naked in the first Lebensjahr and develop later only an unsatisfactory feather/spring dress. They are usually sterile. By the deviating feather/spring structure the animals disturbances show in the heat balance, which leads to a increased metabolism and an increased heart flapping mode frequency.
  • Feather/spring hood
definition: Differently large feather/spring hood.
Arise: Characteristic of different races such as dutchman white hood, Paduaner, Sultanshuhn.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität.
Symptomatology: By over-hanging hood feathers/springs strongly limited vision. Within the range of the hood susceptibility for mite infestation.
  • Beard formation
definition: Feather/spring formation underneath the bill beginning and at the throat.
Arise: Different races, German salmon chicken, Orloff, Antwerpener beard dwarf chicken.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität.
Symptomatology: If the beard feathers/springs over the eyes hand the visual field are limited.
  • Befiederung of runs and toes
definition: Befiederung of the toes and runs, which are covered with horn sheds normally.
Arise: Numerous races, Federfüssiges dwarf chicken, Brahma, dwarf cook.
Genetics: Three genes: Pti-1, Pti-2, pti-3, whereby first two dominance are.
Symptomatology: Strongly belatschte animals are very clumsy and in their Scharraktivität disturbed. The Laufbefiederung is inclined to the contamination which the parasite infestation to increase can. With far which is away Latschenbefiederung increases the injury risk, which can entail bleedings.
  • Extreme Langschwänzigkeit
definition: Wachstumshypertrophie of the tail feathers/springs with cocks.
Arise: Phönix Onagadori
genetics: Cooperate the two genes with (loss of the Mauser) and Gt (growth increase of the saddle and tail feathers/springs).
Symptomatology: The long tail feathers/springs are to be received only by attitude of the cocks in cabinet cages. Here the animals have however no discharge. This contradicts the attitude requirement of chickens.

Zebrafinken

  • feather/spring hood
definition: Feather/spring eddy within the vertex range.
Arise: A breed goal with look Zebrafinken.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität, Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: With heterozygoten animals no further impairments.
  • “Domonant Pastell”
definition: Clarification of the plumage colors.
Arise: A breed goal with look Zebrafinken.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance, Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: With heterozygoten animals no further impairments.
  • “Cheek”
definition: Lead-grey or dark-brown colored Wangenflecke, which are normally orange.
Arise: A breed goal with look Zebrafinken.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität.
Symptomatology: Anomaly of the optical apparatus (Mikrophthalmie, Mikrocorneae) with homozygoten animals.

Japanese Mövchen

  • feather/spring hood
definition: Feather/spring eddy within the vertex range
occurrence: A standardized breed goal with the Japanese Mövchen.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität, Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: With heterozygoten animals no further impairments.
  • Federrosette
definition: Feather/spring eddy within the chest range.
Arise: A standardized breed goal with the Japanese Mövchen.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expressivität, probably with modifying genes, Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: With heterozygoten animals no further impairments.
  • Combination of feather/spring hood and Federrosette
definition: Combination breeding with whirlpool formation in head and body plumages.
Arise: At present as a breed goal does not standardize, but with appropriate parents at any time attainable.
Genetics: Not clarified.
Symptomatology: It comes to anomalies of feather/spring position, which can concern not only the small plumage, but also hand and arm rockers and the tax feathers/springs. The feathers/springs are partially also distorted, whereby the airworthyness is not reduction or given.
  • White plumage colouring
definition: Leuzisti color variant.
Arise: A standardized breed goal with the Japanese Mövchen.
Genetics: Not clarified.
Symptomatology: Arrangement for weak sight and blindness. With Verpaarungenn white * gescheckt no eye damage is well-known.

canary

  • feather/spring hood
definition: Feather/spring eddy within the vertex range.
Arise: A standardized breed goal at different races.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expression, Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: With over-typed Federhaubenn the visual field can be substantially reduced. With heterozygoten animals no further impairments.
  • Intensive plumage colouring
definition: A finer, thinner plumage has intensively colored canary, whereby the storage takes place from Carotinoiden into the Federspitzen.
Arise: A standardized breed goal at different races.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expression, Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: With heterozygoten animals no further impairments.
  • “Dominance white”
definition: Gene carriers are purely white, purely slate grey or in these colors gescheckt. They exhibit Carotinoid deposits in the wing nose. This colouring can back-pushed toward dilution factors and/or. are suppressed. With pigment-diluting factors further color modifications can be obtained.
Arise: A standardized breed goal at different races.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance, Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: With heterozygoten animals no further impairments.
  • “Rezessiv white”
definition: Gene carriers are purely white, purely slate grey or in these colors gescheckt. With pigment-diluting factors further color modifications can be obtained. Contrary to dominance white animals rezessiv white animals possess a purely white subcutaneous fatty tissue and no colored badges at the wing nose.
Arise: A standardized breed goal at different races.
Genetics: Autosomal rezessiv.
Symptomatology: The animals suffer from a disturbance of the Vitamin A metabolism. Carotinoide are not absorbed in the Darmtrakt. The animals are therefore dependent on a increased supply by Vitamin A.
  • Langfiedrigkeit
definition: Harmonious feather/spring enlargement in particular the small plumage.
Arise: Poetry door canary, in particular Norwich and Yorkshire canary.
Genetics: Not clarified.
Symptomatology: Federbalgzysten can develop, which must be removed operationally. With Yorkshire Kanarienvögeln an arrangement for Qatar document is present, which can lead to going blind. Also the visual field can be limited by the increased feathers/springs.
  • Unsatisfactory Befiederung
definition: Race-typical decrease of the feather/spring number, naked places at the head, nearly unbefiederte thighs.
Arise: Poetry door canary, in particular „Gibber Italicus “.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expression, Letalfaktor.
Symptomatology: By the unsatisfactory Befiederung expressed temperature-sensitively.
  • “Bending” poetry door canary
definition: Remarkable body attitude, during excitation the animals almost stand for senkrechten body attitude with neck bent forward on pushed through Intertarsalgelenken with one.
Arise: Poetry door canary, in particular „Gibber Italicus “and „Bossu Belge “.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expression.
Symptomatology: An additional Halswirbel and an additional pair of ribs are trained. By the steep body attitude the fertilization rate is substantially smaller, the mating attempts fails frequently.
  • Poetry door canary definition “combed
”: Feather/spring whirlpool formation of the small plumage.
Arise: Poetry door canary such as Paduaner, Paris Trompeter.
Genetics: Autosomal incompletely dominance with variable Expression.
Symptomatology: Various whirlpool formations in the small plumage, partly with extended toe claws. The extended toe claws lead to a increased injury risk by getting stuck.

criticism at the appraisal

the consultants essentially rely with their statements on scientific publications, which did not obviously always verify it however. So e.g. is. to reread reference of the Polydaktylie with cats in only one place that it represents a Semilethalfehler - and this only in a subordinate clause without further references. None of the three further quoted sources says something about a Semilethalfehler. This is abused by the consultants however to call the Polydaktylie of the cat agony breed there with the descendants of the characteristic carriers “on pain and suffering to count is”.

 

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