|public suburban traffic in Paris|
|1 - 2 - 3 - 3bis - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 7bis - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14|
|A - B - C - D - E|
|T1 - T2 - T3 - T4|
the Régie autonomous of transport Parisiens (RATP) is the French state enterprise, which those Paris Métro, the penalty and streetcars, which Funiculaire de Montmartre and - together with the SNCF - which operate RER. Their name can be translated with “Paris independent transportation of passengers administration”.
Table of contents
history and occurrence at the market
the RATP was created 1949, around so far partly by private societies (among other things to summarize the “Compagnie you Métropolitain de of Paris “) claimant under and celestial transportation facilities in Paris under their roof. It has the legal status of a “Établissement publicly à caractère industriel et commercial” (EPIC).
Contrary to other national operator companies with a protected monopoly RATP and SNCF may take part in suburban traffic advertisements at home and abroad. So e.g. is the RATP. by the subsidiary created together with other carriers “RATP Développement” in France among other things in Strasbourg, Mulhouse, Annemasse, Clermont Ferrand, Chelles, Nantes, Orléans, Grenoble, Saint Quentin EN Yvelines and Lyon as well as internationally in Nottingham, London, Turin, Rome, postage, Melbourne and Sydney at the local ÖPNV takes part. In this way the two state enterprises RATP and SNCF compete outside of the Île de France like private-economical enterprises at the market, while they cooperate innherhalb to this region authority-similarly.
in the year 2002 has the RATP altogether 2,666, 3 millions Passengers carries. Of it are allotted to the individual means of transport (in millions):
- Métro: 1.283, 3 (48%)
- bus: 915,9 (34%)
- RER (lines A and B): 410,0 (15%)
- streetcar: 52,2 (2%)
the passengers who are missing here distributed themselves on Orlyval and the Funiculaire de Montmartre.
in that Paris population is the RATP particularly due to its frequent strikes unpopularly, which concern mostly just individual lines of the Métro, in extreme cases in addition, entire traffic in the capital to succumbing to bring can. One scoffs therefore, for RATP stands secretly for rentre avec width units pieds (“go to foot home! ”) or remainders assis, t'es payé (“remain sitting, you one pay! ”).
tourist ticket Paris Visite
It is 5 days available for a service life of 1, 2, 3 or. That Paris suburban traffic nets is divided in zones. Of Paris Visite there is for the zone 1 to 3, 1 to 5 or 1 to 8. Within these zones it applies in all means of transport of the RATP (Métro, RER, bus, streetcar, Montmartre aerial ropeway, Montmartrobus, night bus (Noctilien)) and Nahverkehrszügen of the SNCF.
The ticket is recommended for everyone, which wants to discover Paris on own fist.
To the 1. The following prices applied for May 2006:
|Adult||of children 4-11 years|
|zone||1 day||2 days||3 days||5 days||zone||1 day||2 days||3 days||5 days|