of the titles Rabbiner is a religious title in the Judentum and from Hebrew rabbi or aramäisch Rabbuni (master, teacher) is derived. Other designations are also Rebbe and instructors. Rabbi was around the turn of an era an honour title a Jewish writing scholar. Also Jesus the title rabbi was settled by Nazaret.

Among the tasks of a Rabbiners the religious teachings rank, and as Talmudkenner the decision in religious questions comes to it. In liberals the Rabbiner leads municipalities often T/plate-asked - and holiday services, for what traditionally the Vorbeter (Chazzan) or Vorsänger (Kantor) responsible is. A Rabbiner is not a priest, who any special religious tasks zustünden alone. The benediction z. B. each Jew or each Jewess can speak, because this in Jewish opinionno special mediator function requires. That the benediction speaking segnet, but alone God segnet. Therefore also each member of a Jewish municipality enabled for it can lead the service , before-prays, from that to Tora reads out etc. in the reason. Very often have however onlyRabbiner the knowledge necessary for it. In most liberals the Rabbiner or the Rabbinerin such tasks must transfer municipalities, because no Kantor (Chazzan) is available. One of the most important tasks of a Rabbiners is nowadays the Seelsorge for thoseMunicipality members and for persons, who stand with the municipality in connection (e.g. Conversion candidate).

The training of Rabbinern usually takes place at Rabbinerseminaren or Jewish universities. Germany only Rabbinerseminar is the Abraham violonist Kolleg in potsdam, that in the winter semester 2001/2002 itsWork took up. Until 1939 there were two seminars in Berlin and Breslau. In May 2001 at the Heidelberger university for Jewish studies the Ignatz Bubis chair was opened. It is the first chair for the Rabbinerausbildung in Germany since 1941. (Ruprecht No.71)

Is considered to the upper or Grossrabbiner of a country or a municipality as the highest religious instance of this country. The Grossrabbinat in Palestine (later the State of Israel) consists today of two members:

besides the British would install still another

see also


  • Moses Braunschweiger: The teachers of the Mischna, biographies of the large Talmudgelehrten (Tannaim). Morascha, Basel - Zurich 1993.
  • Adin Steinsaltz: Personalities from the Talmud. Morascha, Basel - Zurich 1996.
  • Gerd A. Wewers: Secret and secrecy inrabbinischen Judentum. de Gruyter, Berlin - New York 1975. ISBN 3-11-005858-8

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