astronaut with an outboard activity in the universe

the term spaceman or space driver designates the participant in a manned expedition into space. The first spaceman was in the year 1961 the Russian Juri Gagarin. Depending upon its origin designatesone spacemen traditionally as an astronaut (the USA, Western Europe), cosmonaut (Soviet Union, GDR and Eastern Bloc) and Taikonauten (People's Republic of China) - Taikonaut is however only a designation in the English press, the Chinese designation is yǔhángyuán (宇航員, literally “universe navigator”). See list of the spacemen for a list of all spacemen of all nations of the earth.

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the term astronaut (v. griech.: astron = star + nauta = sailor) coined/shaped by the book Les of astronaut (the astronauts) (1927) of the French Science Fiction - author J. - H.Rosny Aîne. This happened following the term Aeronaut (air boat operator). This term has itself by US-American space travel firmly established, so also for (west) the German term spaceman.

By the division of Germany and in this time by thoseProgress in space travel common term become developed in the German linguistic area a characteristic. While in the western part the term was used „astronaut “, in the eastern part the term was used „cosmonaut “. The Federal Republic of Germany as part of the west alliance was economical andscientifically to the USA, the GDR orients however within the two ranges to the Soviet Union.


the term cosmonaut (v. griech.: cosmos = space + nauta = sailor) designates a Soviet spaceman. This coinage developed duringthe race for the universe of the 1950er years, when the term astronaut of Soviet space travel occupies already American and appeared possibly also too highly seized and mismatching („astronauts “drive to the stars or at least to other heavenly bodies). Thus one decidedfor this own new coinage. This designation is today still common in the entire former Eastern Bloc.


Taikonaut (v. chines.: tai (太) = universal + kong (空) = sky; together: Space + griech.: nautes (ναύτης) =Sailor) is a technical term for Chinese spacemen, erschaffenes for the international media. Chinese functionaries and media prefer the word Yuhangyuan (chines.: Space driver, spoken: Jü slope jüän, written: 宇航員). Whether China with this official designation remains or the Taikonaut more easily ausprechbare for foreignerstakes over, is still open. In official publications of the Chinese government for the international press usually the word is used „astronaut “. The Chinese government started to 15. October 2003 with the spaceship Shenzhou 5 (see also: Shenzhou - row) and thatTaikonauten Yang Liwei first manned Chinese space flight (see also: Chinese space travel).

training centres

in Russia are trained the cosmonauts in the Juri Gagarin Kosmonautentrainingszentrum.

famous astronauts

famous cosmonauts

Famous Taikonauten

see also

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Wiktionary: Taikonaut - word origin, synonyms and translations

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