Recife is the capital of the Federal State Pernambuco, in the northeast of Brazil. It is a port at the Atlantic ocean and has 1.494.700 inhabitants (conditions 1. January 2004).

Old and modern center in the panorama

table of contents


historical center

the area of Recife 1537 were settled by the Portuguese. But between 1630 and 1654 were here the main base and thatCommercial centre of the Dutchmen, who tried, to make for the Portuguese the exclusive rule over Brazil contentious and in the northeast its colony new Holland established. Particularly by governor general Moritz of Nassau the place received a thrust concerning town construction to the vision eras. Moritz was considered as actual Stadtgründer. Itthe city called Mauritsstad (Moritzstadt, Portuguese: Maurícia) and tried to develop the new colony economically and culturally further. The many sumps and islands were made habitable by the Dutchmen by the creation of channels. From this time also numerous buildings are received.

1654, after that , The Dutchmen had to give the colony up to battle of Guararapes however. Maurícia became Portuguese. Only 1710 were renamed the city in Vila DO Recife. 1823 became Recife in place of Olinda capital of Pernambuco.

1930 crossed LZ127 “count Zeppelin” for the first time nonstop the south Atlantic ofSevilla (Spain) after Recife. In Recife was an anchor mast, on which the airships in the transatlantic traffic could set.

Since 2001 João Paulo (PT) is a mayor, he 2004 with 56,1% of the voices was again selected.


where is Recife?On the top right!
Klimadiagramm Recife
Climatic diagram Recife

Recife is because of the Capibaribe, which flows here after approximately 240 km into the Atlantic. Further rivers and a channel coin/shape the townscape. The historical center is on 2 islands, which only few meters are distant from the mainland. The designation “Venicethe south " can be reconstructed so, is however nevertheless exaggerated.

In the closer environment there are further smaller rivers. The environment is not last therefore quite fruitful. There among other things much Zuckerrohr is cultivated. After few kilometers one reaches the first hills of the BrazilianMountain country. The hinterland of Recife is quite thereby responding.

The name of the city means “reef”: Parallel to the Atlantic coast shell and corral reefs drag on. They brake the waves and offer so a protection. Together with the beach they form a natural basin, toSwim because of the calm water is outstanding suitable.

Among the larger city Recifes rank also the cities Jaboatão DOS Guararapes, Olinda, Paulista, Abreu e Lima, Igarassu, Camaragibe, Cabo de Santo Agostinho and São Lourenço there Mata.

The island Ilha Joana Bezerra the old town quarters Santo Antônio and São José accommodate

objects of interest Venice of the south ( with Carneval decoration at the bridge in the background). There is the Palácio the Princesas, the klassizistische Teatro Santa Isabel, the 1697 delighted Igreja there OrdemTerceira de São Francisco and the most important sakrale building, the small “golden chapel” (capela dourada).

On the mainland is the Museu DO Homem DO Nordeste, which was created by the sociologist and Anthropologen Gilberto Freyre and which colonial history and culture of theNortheast documents:Slavery, sugar production, manual work, folklore, clothing, music. The Museu DO Estado de Pernambuco contains art articles and furniture from the colonial and Kaiser era of Brazil.

The largest beach of the city, Praia there Boa Viagem, is the tourism center Recifes and with its excellent (fish) restaurantsalso a popular meeting place.

In close proximity to Recife is the Olinda (world cultural heritage of the UNESCO).


Strandpromenade Boa Viagem

Recife is famous for its fantastic beaches. The most important beach in the city is that one from Boa Viagem. Beachesin the proximity of the city are:

  • Gaibu and Calhetas (40 km south)
  • postage de Galinhas, Ipojuca, Pernambuco (60 km south)
  • Tamandaré, Barreiros, Pernambuco (110 km south)
  • Itamaracá, Pernambuco (40 km north)
  • Maragogi, Alagoas (150 km south)
  • Praia de Pipa, Rio Grande DO Norte (280 kmnorth)
  • Tambaba, Conde, Paraíba (115 km north)

statistic data

garbage disposal with typical hand truck

in accordance with IPEA the GROS DOMESTIC PRODUCT per head amounted to in the year 2002 7,822 material. That would be approach approximately 2.860 €. With this conversion it concerns its own computation. Ituses the course of at the end of October 2005, which might come the average value of the rate of exchange of 2002 close (thumbs times pi;Exakter Kursverlauf). In order to be able to estimate this value better, the list of the countries is offered on after gross domestic product per head (data nominally and inUS$).

In the year 2000 had (n):

source: Portuguese Wikipedia


Recife is considered as place of origin of the following rhythms:

famous inhabitants of Recife

sons and daughters of the city

Web on the left of

Commons: Recife - pictures, videos and/or audio files

coordinates: 8°3'S 34°53'W


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