Reformed church

the reformed church (reformed federation, occasionally also Evangelist-reformed church) is particularly a church decreasing/going back to reformatorische working of Huldrych Zwingli in Zurich and Johannes Calvin in Geneva.

Table of contents

1522: Chamfer-break as „Urdatum “

„Urdatum “are the sausage meal with the inhabitant of zurich citizen Christoph Froschauer, to owner of printering,at Invokavit 1522 (9. March), thus the first Sunday of the vorösterlichen chamfering time. Zwingli is not to have participated in the sausage meal, but be present. As a priest it defended the chamfering break: The chamfering requirement is a human lawand therefore not necessarily valid. Only göttlichen laws must humans for absolute obedience carry out. However Zwingli in the Bible finds the göttlichen laws (to the whole one see. the following left [1]).

The Invokavit week 1522 places at the same time also for the lutherischeReformation an important date.Luther held his famous „Invokavitpredigten become “, in which he argued with picture storm and radical idioms of the reformation in joke mountain in this week.

1529: Marburger of religion discussions

a union with the lutherischen branchdid not succeed to the reformation, above all because in the communion question no agreement could be obtained (Marburger religion discussion 1529 between Luther and Zwingli). Luther held at the real presence (material operational readiness level) of body and blood Christi in the shapesthe meal firmly.

1563: Heidelberger Katechismus

the most important reformed document 16. Century in Germany the Heidelberger Katechismus represents. This Katechismus documents internal-reformed splitting at the same time: During itself as a result of force-read theology in Zurich, Berne,, Worked out Calvin developed Basel and other places a very close teeth of political and religious guidance into its Institutio a Biblically justified church order , those the offices of Presbyter and ministers than municipality line as well as besides the offices of the deacon and the teacher knows; besides the church breed is stressed, which is incumbent on the Presbytern (Heidelberger Katechismus question 82-85; important consequences with Paul Schneider).

propagation

during itself in the German and Netherlands areas those Geneva directioninterspersed, Bullinger with its efforts in England more success had granted. - The Waadtland took an intermediate position. The reformation in this Bernese subject area was activated from Berne and Zurich; later it turned out however - than above all französischsprachigesTerritiorium - under strong Geneva influence. Thus it essentially maintained zwinglische theology, however Geneva pressure introduced the calvinische church model under.

Reformed churches and municipalities are today except in Switzerland (see to Swiss reformed churches)particularly in the Netherlands and in Scotland spreads, in Germany on the Hunsrück, in lip (see Lippi regional church), at the Niederrhein, in the Bergi country like e.g. in Wuppertal, in the winner country, in Northwest Germany (above all County Bentheim and East Frisia) and Bremen, in the Ravensberger country, to the Plesse, and in Bavaria (see Evangelist-reformed church - to Synode of Evangelist-reformed churches in Bavaria and Nordwestdeutschland). Its exterior characteristic is in many cases the thriftiness, liturgically the primacy of the word is noticeable to the church equipment ; thus the service in Zurich did not know at present force-reads singing, Calvin introduced the Psalmengesang, which to the wide-spread „Geneva Psalter “, a collection of Nachdichtungen of the Biblical Psalmen,led.

In Saxonia 1601 former chancellor Nikolaus Krell was executed as the Kryptokalvinismus accusing of on operation of the Saxonian cure princess widow Sophie of Brandenburg. Its goal was a European union of all Protestanten and the completion of the brother war between the two churchesthe reformation, „the lutherischen “and „reformed “church.

Since that 19. Century gives it in Germany (Prussia) - whose ruling family, which Hohenzollern, reformed and its population majority of lutherischen faith was - and other parts of the world numerousChurch unions under participation of reformed churches and municipalities. In the Leuenberger Konkordie of 1973 it is explained that and in what respect the internal-Protestant disagreement is not church-separating in the communion teachings any more.

To the reformed churches also Presbyterianer and Kongregationalisten belong.

Particularly importantreformed theologian 16. Century were:

Direction of Zuerich:

Geneva direction:

Scotland:

teachings

Web on the left of

International sides

Germany


Austria

Switzerland

 

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