the government is the highest institution of a state. It leads, directs and supervises the total politics of the state. The government, its organization and function stand in close relationship with the rule structure as well as that generally prevailing in the appropriate societysocio-economic order.
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in other languages and dialects
in Bavaria calls one the central authority of the national administration government formed on the level of the districts, for example the government of Upper Bavaria. In othersGerman Lands of the Federal Republic is called this central authority district administration or district government.
On British English the word means government not only “government”, but also” government authority “; on American English meant even nearly only “government authority” government; the executive becomes mostly administration called. In France gouvernement both “government” and “government authority” can mean, while gouvernement in Canada mostly just “government” means.
authentication of the government
a government can legitimize itself differently:
- by elections: Democracy
- by appointment or transmission: Plutokratie, aristocracy, monarchy, autocracy
- by force: Dictatorship, military junta
- in the society aimed at by the anarchy mash does not give it a government (self organization, autonomy, a Rhizom a center and no hierarchy does not possess).
social ones tasks
the tasks of a government are specified nowadays in most states by a condition. From social view is it the actual social task of the government to prepare and convert allokations -, distribution - and stabilize-political suggestions.
The government can take a model function by certain decisions and the condition. Certain ones political decisions in interior or foreign policy know terrorism, onespecial position of the military (gangs), bring out. The government can be called by death penalty in the Basic Law in cases of the self law as model, that exekutiert (the USA).
own ones against
a goal the social tasks in accordance with the economic theory of the policy (ÖTP) in governments goals are actually pursued, which are to support own power and make a re-election possible.
historical development of the government function
the centraland leading organ of the Staatsmacht developed in Europe hand in hand with the development of the civil society. First beginnings in addition, among them the centralized steering of the state and its population assistance of army, police, bureaucracy, judicature etc. were in thatAbsolute monarchy. Although the absolutist monarchs strengthened by the centralization of the government functions their position, they went at the same time thereby into financial dependence on the trade corporations and the middle class which is in its emergence. The emergence of a political institution structurethe production of a territorially limited marketing area had as a consequence and corresponded thereby to the interests of the middle class, with which the foundation-stone for the development of capitalism was put.
The view of rule of a state changed itself in the time of the absolutism tooAnd thereby the order represented conditions, at which again the further social developments oriented themselves.
The exclusive claim to leadership of the absolutist ruler was replaced with the development of the civil-capitalistic society increasingly on further institutions, in particular the administration. On the one hand those were suitableAdvisor of the dominant ones more and more power niches on, on the other hand one began itself the bureaucratic administration created by the rulers more and more to independent.
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|Wiktionary: Government - word origin, synonyms and translations|