Regiment

the term regiment actually designates rule, government. Nowadays a medium sized military formation is normally meant.

A regiment consists of two to four battalions or of several companies, in the Kavallerie usually 5 Eskadrons, those usuallyto the same branch of service belong. Commander is usually a Colonel. The tactical indication on the NATO signature are three senkrechte of lines.

Until 1945 the regiment was the most important middle unit of the German army. In the German Federal Armed Forces the regiment had first onlymore administrative tasks, which became battalions tactically independently of each other assigned and in the long run in principle directly the brigades subordinated. Regiments exist however further in the logistical support troop, where directly ten and more companies are subordinated to them.

Swiss army created with thatReform army XXI by beginning 2004 the stage regiment off. The battalions are new as subordinated with the German Federal Armed Forces directly the brigades. The Austrian federal army changed already with the structural adjustment 1998 from regiments on the brigades subordinated battalions over.

Thosesuperordinate unit of a regiment is first the brigade, then the division, the subordinated unit is first the battalion and afterwards the company.

In many armies, in which the regiments are actually abolished, they exist nevertheless further, over inPeace Batallione of same kind, which are subordinated otherwise mixed brigades to summarize. This concerns in particular the British army and the US army. In the British army noble ones hold then often the post of the regiment boss, who is purely more representative however. Alsohave the regiments of the British army rather the task of the care of tradition. The regiments of the US army represent in contrast to this rather an alternative, genericpure organization of the Batallione, which are not subordinate however hierarchically necessarily to different divisions. Disciplinarily the Batallione is subordinate also here directlythe brigades.

history

with the fall of the classical Feudalheere and the increasing commercialization of the war guidance developed for the end 16. Century the regiment as a new type of federation. Their bosses were war entrepreneurs, on behalf the war-prominentPrinces on own calculation mercenaries recruited, armed, equipped and paid, in order to then put it under their command to the client against money at the disposal. The regiment boss guaranteed usually also the supply of his regiment on own calculation, thatPrice for food supply and (starting from the second half 17. Century usual) university forming was then taken off the soldiers from the pay. By bulk buying or own production of these goods the regiment boss could achieve substantial price advantages and obtain thus considerable profits. Prototypesuch an entrepreneur was boiling stone, the böhmische field gentleman and imperial Generalissimus in the dreissigjährigen war, which organized an army of 20.000 for the emperor even men after this sample.

With the transition to the standing armies this solidified itselfRegiment economy, even if the regiment boss were now primarily an officer of its prince. On company level the main people kept house as subcontractors of the regiment boss, whom one characteristically also regiment owner called. Ascended a Colonel into general rank, then it usually keptthe ownership of its regiment, since the income obtained from it exceeded pretty often the general pay. The regiment was then kommandiert by a lieutenant colonel. The owner places also civilian members honour for the sake of of the prince houses or foreign monarchs transferred, sometimes were increasing with thisPosition as an honour Colonel also the income from the regiment connected.

In former times regiments were an independent, from battalions (foot troops), Eskadrons (Kavallerie) and/or. Batteries (artillery) existing troop department.

The infantry regiments had usually 3 battalions, the Kavallerieregimenter 4 to 6 (in 18. and 19.Century up to 10) Eskadrons, the foot and fortress artillery regiments of 2 battalions, the field artillery regiments 2 to 4 departments to ever 2 to 4 batteries.


 

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