To regional course
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In most Lands of the Federal Republic regional courses on fixed lines operate in the hour clock in the system of an integrated clock timetable. They mostly carry names within a Land of the Federal Republic. Its short designations (course kind and number) are fastened in and at the courses.
On many secondary line distances the regional course represents the only railway traffic. In the last years these distances were assigned frequently at private railway companies, because they can be operated with relatively small vehicle park. After the assumption by private railway companies or improvements, to which the railways Regio committed themselves in the context of traffic contracts, partially clear passenger increases could to be obtained by more modern vehicles and improved service. Private societies drive sometimes under own product names, which designation regional course then not used.
On most main railroad lines the regional course is driven by the railways Regio. Here several RB-lines often operate in the change with the regional express, which holds mostly just on more important stations and critical points.
With the used vehicle material there is large variety. Beside converted Silberlingen Doppelstockwagen with different locomotives and electrical motor coaches of the fourth-hasty railways series 425 or the two-piece railways series 426 are used . The latters can particularly out-play as regional course their strengths, since with short retaining distances considerable travel time gains can be obtained by strong accelerating power. On not electrified distances Diesel motor coaches of most different design (Stadler rain IO shuttle RS1, mostly operate Siemens Desiro, bombard talent, Alstom LHB Coradia LINT, etc.).
Contrary to the long-distance passenger traffic regional courses often drive without course companions. This hangs from the used Zugmaterial and of it whether course companions in the advertisement of the distance were demanded. Theoretically all regional courses without course companions can be driven. Above all motor coaches are occupied in many cases only with the traction vehicle leader, that is platoon leader then at the same time. Ο κύβος Fahrkarten dann stichprobenartig durch Zugbegleiter oder externe Prüfdienste kontrolliert.
The ticket sales partly takes place in the course from automats - also Entwerter are then in the course. On the other hand some transport conditions permit one ride along only also before solved and cancelled tickets (automats and Entwerter outside on the platforms). A Nachlösen in the course is then (in particular in many traffic groups) impossible, who does not possess a ticket, is considered as a black driver.
Zur Benennung: The word course originally designates the firmly given distance, which humans or an object go through or drive through: Railway = course from iron, rail. Then the meaning of the word railway extended on the system of rail and vehicles, Pars per toto. With the designation of course kind and course as “regional course” in Germany the original meaning of the word course was misplaced as drive completely.