Realm apple

a realm apple is a rule character in form of a world ball with put on cross.

The realm apple of the holy Roman realm

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realm apple of the holy Roman realm

the realm apple of the holy Roman realm belongs to the Reichskleinodien. As attribute of the Roman God Jupiters was the globe in the hand of the emperor and/or. Roman-German king as future emperor Sinnbild of the world domination.

Together with the crown and the Zepter he was presented to the king during the coronation/culmination ceremony. With these three Insignien very frequently kings and emperors in pictures were explained. When a traditional component of the Insignien of a ruler has the realm apple, which is issued today in Vienna, but never the concrete meaning referred to the unique piece attained, as for example the realm crown, the holy lance or the realm sword.

appearance

the realm apple of the Reichskleinodien has a height of 21 cm and is manufactured and with jewels and beads occupied from gold, gold filigran.

The ball, which stylizes the globe, consists of a resin mass and is with Goldblech covers. The clips along the equator were, exactly the same as the put on cross, originally occupied with beads. The stone in the intersection of the two Kreuzbalken is a sapphire and shows a mono gram, which resembles those of the merowingischen kings, so far however not to be interpreted could.

Emperor Heinrich III. with Zepter and realm apple, miniature around 1040

history

the realm apple decreases/goes back historically to the globe of the Romans, which symbolized the world domination of the Roman realm. On medieval and modern coins the German emperors and kings are frequently explained with the realm apple in the left hand. Also on coins of the rheinischen Pfalzgrafen (kurfürstliche lines) the realm apple is represented, because they held the office of the Erztruchsesses , which was symbolized by the realm apple (offices for ore).

A realm apple becomes in the year 1191 during the emperor coronation/culmination Heinrichs VI. for the first time presents to the new emperor. The form of the cross and the Filigranornamente put near that the realm apple can have not substantially in former times developed. On the other hand there are however no reference points for the fact that the realm apple, which is kept today in the vault in Vienna, to which emperor was presented. The encyclopedia of the Middle Ages writes in addition: The traditional Krönungsinsignien, among them Zepter and realm apple, were at will selected from the stronghold. (H. Trnek: Articles Reichsinsignien in encyclopedia of the Middle Ages)

beside the richly equipped piece existed up to fleeing the Reichskleinodien from Nuremberg in the year 1796 of still two realm apples worked more simply, which were lost however in confusions. Thus Albrecht Dürer Karl illustrated the large one in its ideal picture from the year 1513 with one of the two simpler copies.

To the further history, which inseparably with that the other Reichskleinodien is connected, see: History of the Reichskleinodien.


realm apples of other monarchies

Insignien of the Russian Zaren with the Russian realm apple

to Empire of Austria

to the realm apple dock ore around Austria see Austrian emperor crown.

to Kingdom of Great Britain

for the realm apple of the Kingdom of Great Britain see realm apple of British monarchs.

Prussia

the Prussian realm apple in form of a blue enamelled ball with gold hoar frost and golden cross is decorated with 50 facet stones and 36 rubies and became 1700 as Krönungsinsignie for the coronation/culmination king Friedrichs I. 1701 production.

Norway

the realm apple of the Norwegian Reichsinsignien was made 1818 in Stockholm and consists of gilded silver. The globe divided by one with roses decorated gold volume into two halves. A similar volume divides the upper hemisphere into two parts. Whereupon a realm apple is located in small format with ziselierten latin cross. See also: Realm sword (Norway)

Denmark

the Danish realm apple

the Reichsinsignien of the Danish kings are in the cellar lock rose-borrow kept.

 

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