Realm government

realm government is called the Gubernative of a realm, one constitutionally and/or. parliamentary order exhibits.

In the German Reich the realm government was attached starting from 1871 firmly at the realm chancellor and its cabinet (“realm line”). However the realm chancellor possessed the status of a full responsible person of Minister, while the remaining director/conductor of the realm departments on it were instruction dependent and the subordinated title “undersecretary of state “led.

Of a realm government with a head of the government as well as independent specialized departments (led their leader since that time the titlerealm Minister “) can be spoken therefore only starting from 1919 with proclaiming the Weimar Republic, although in fact this development had long already initiated itself in the empire. The realm government replaced 1919 the revolutionary advice of the people-assigned at the point of the state. The realm government practiced the guideline principle regarding the realm chancellor and the department principle of the individual realm Ministries.

The realm governments could be appointed in the Weimar Republic also by the realm president. With the failure of the second cabinet Mueller and at the first cabinet Brüning the Präsidialdiktatur began, whereby the realm government for its legislations made document of the state of emergency right of the realm president use.

With the seizure of power of Hitler the realm government, that remained formally existing to 1945 further, lost very soon its collegial cabinet character: The number of the cabinet meetings decreased rapidly drastically and came finally completely to succumbing. Instead the individual realm Ministers were subordinated strictly to the leader principle implemented by Hitler.

See also: Kommissari realm government

 

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