Pure hard Keiser

pure hard Keiser (baptized 12. January 1674 in Teuchern; † 12. September 1739 in Hamburg) was a German composer.

Table of contents

lives

itsFather Gottfried Keiser was active since 1671 as organist in Teuchern and left between 1674 and 1675 its effect place with an unknown goal, so that the son probably alone with its nut/mother Agnes Dorothee of Etzdorff (the daughter of a Junkers) buildup become impoverished. To 13. July 1685it occurred the Thomas school led by Johann clip Leipzig , where it might have enjoyed thorough musical training. 1693 brought in Braunschweig its (probably) first opera Basilius in Arkadien to Keiser to the performance and became in the year after as a successor of Johann victory mouthKusser appointed „the Cammer composer “. it moved to 1697 to Hamburg and introduced themselves at the there opera house at the goose market with the loved Adonis . For this house (which it led from 1703 to 1707 together with the drama door gene Drüsicke) Keiser wrote the majority of its stage works.

At the 3.January 1712 he married the well-known singer Barbara Oldenburg, daughter advice musician Hieronymus Oldenburg. Soon after end of the management of its successor J. H. Sauerbrey left Keiser Hamburg. By summer 1719 until November 1720 it is provable in Stuttgart, where it participated in numerous musical meetings,but no employment to find could, since one preferred Italian musicians at the württembergischen yard.

In August 1721 Keiser turned to Hamburg, at the end of of 1721 turned it however to Copenhagen and the royally Danish Kapellmeister appointed itself, in addition, it held him not in the long term here. Afterseveral attendance in Hamburg it established 1723 finally there and was further written operas for the house at the goose market, whose play plan it controlled together with new director Telemann. 1728 it became finally Kantor to Hamburg cathedral and dedicated themselves for the remainder of itsLife predominantly the church music.

Keisers birth house in Teuchern accommodates today a museum, which is dedicated to its memory.

music-historical position

pure hard Keiser is considered to 18 beginning as the most important German opera composer. Century. During its working the Hanseatic city became the center of the early GermansOpera culture and point of attraction for numerous art-intimate visitors.George Friedrich trade, which along-played under Keisers management in Hamburg opera orchestras as a violonist, had the score of Keisers Octavia in the luggage , to which he did not only owe suggestions, but directly several pieces for its own during his Italy travel Agrippina (Venice 1709) took.

Keisers operas are characterised by refined instrumentation art, a flowering melodische fantasy and unfailing sharp view for stage-effective situations and their musical conversion. As its masterpieces Croesus are considered and the largecourageous Tomyris, which all these qualities in rich measure contain.

Keiserin former times two Oratorien were attributed, which are added however by the music research Friedrich Nicolaus Bruhns.

works (selection)

A. Operas

(premiere, so far not differently indicated, in Hamburg)

the royal shepherd or Basilius in Arkadien (supposed 1693 Braunschweig)

Cephalus and Procris (1694 Braunschweig)

the loved Adonis (1697)

with the general world peace of the large Augustus closed temples of the Janus (1698)

the marvelously errettete Iphigenia (1699)

the connection of the large Herkules with the beautiful lifts (1699)

La forza della virtù or the power of the virtue (1700)

Störtebeker and Jödge Michels (2 parts, 1701; only) the dying

Eurydice or Orpheus (2 parts, 1702) receives libretto

the condemned state State of, or the seduced Claudius (1703)

the fallen and again increased Nebukadnezar, king to Babylon (1704)

Roman unrest or the noble-minded Octavia (1705)

thosesmallcourageous even Mörderin Lucretia or the state foolishness of the Brutus (1705)

the neapolitanische Fischer indignation or Masaniello furioso (1706)

the pleasant fraud or the Carneval of Venice (1707)

La forza dell'amore or the Helena (1709), kidnapped of Paris

, Desiderius, king of the Langobarden (1709)

by the case of thelarge Pompejus erhöhete Julius Caesar (1710)

the arrogant, fallen and again raised Croesus (1710, revised version 1730)

L'inganno fedele or the faithful fraud (1714)

Fredegunda (1715)

L'Amore verso la patria or the dying Cato (1715)

the destroyed Troja or the Achilles reconciled by death Helenens (1716)

The largecourageous Tomyris (1717)

Jobates and Bellerophon (1717)

Ulysses (1722 Copenhagen)

Bretislaus or the triumphing stability (1725)

the ridiculous prince Jodelet (1726)

Lucius Verus or the triumphing loyalty (1728)

b. Instrument valley music

2 Triosonaten (in G major and F major)

flute concert

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see also: German composers of classical music NAME


 

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