Freedom to travel
|This article or section requires a revision. Details are indicated on the discussion side. Please to improve it and removes afterwards this marking helps.|
The freedom to travel is one of the internationally confirmed by a document human rights, which gives the fundamental right to each humans, its own country afterLike to be allowed to return abandoned and again.
Particularly totalitarian states often limit the freedom to travel of their citizens. A prominent example was the GDR, this right up to 9. November 1989 strongly limited, although the GDR 1974 the international pact of 16. December 1966 overcivil and political rights signed. It had not however only omitted it converting this pact into national right but kept upright also beyond the signing § to the 213 of its StGB, that the not expressly approved attempt to leave the country as republic escape under punishmentand even by the so-called shooting instruction the life of potential refugees placed threatened. The GDR was belonged by routine 1977 and 1984 by the human right committee of the United Nations to conditions at the state border to the FRG. Regarding the restriction of the freedom to travel it successfully appointed itself to kind. 12Exp. 3 above mentioned. Pact. “Rügen” or sanctions of the UN are in this connection do not admit become.
Journeys for citizens of the GDR under 65 years abroad not-socialist were possible after 1961 only on request, only to certain causes and usually only ifa return to the GDR was probable (e.g. left children or marriage partner, no “west relationship”). Starting from 1964 all pensioners were allowed to make further travel easements once in the year attendance journeys west relatives, later gave it.
Further it added travel cadres so mentioned from the state and party machinery, sportsmen,international matches to drive, scientists, those could leave the country to specialized congresses were allowed and selected (specialized) workers, who worked in the west (e.g. Building workers and engineers), or it drove through (sailors, Fernfahrer, flight crews).
In addition, into the socialist countries the entry turned out often problematic. So was it for example onlyfrom 1972 to 1980 possible, without entering special visa to Poland.
The demands for freedom to travel in western direction found in the case of the citizens of Berlin wall (wall opening) to 9. November 1989 their high point and their goal.