René Clair

René Clair (* 11. November 1898 in Paris, † 15. March 1981) was a French director and writer. Its birth name was René Lucien Chomette, it was the brother of the director Henri Chomette.

Table of contents

lives

René Clair was the son of a soap manufacturer. It buildup in the accomodation Les Halles and visited the Lycée Montaigne and later the Lycée edge of Louis putting, where it closed friendship with Jacques Rigaut. 1917 it was drawn in as a medic.

1918 he worked under the alias René Després as a journalist at the newspaper L'Intransigeant, and wrote in this time also - under the alias Danceny - texts for the singer Damia. It responsible for the cinema supplement of the revue Théâtre et Comœdia illustré and arose mort as actors in the films Le Lys de la vie, Le Sens de la, L'Orpheline and Parisette , for which he selected a further alias, René Clair.

1922 it began the minute of the film script to the film Rayon diabolique, which it turned 1923 and Paris brought 1924 out under the title there qui.

To this time should be brought the ballet Relâche by Eric Satie, whose libretto comes from Francis Picabia, in the Théâtre of the Champs Élysées, whose leader Jacques jack-dead also the director/conductor of the Théâtre et Comœdia illustré was, on the stage. Picabia wished the projection of a film as intermediate act, and selected René Clair, in order to realize this. The dadaistisch inspired film Entr'acte became the scandal and made René Clair famous.

Different films with decidedly fantastischer adjustment followed, to which it brought 1926 out the writing of Adam. it wrote the film script for the film Prix de to 1929 beauté, the Augusto Genina with Louise Brooks in the main role turned.

With its first Tonfilm, Sous of les toits de Paris (1930), it acquired international acknowledgment. Success continued with Le million (1930) and À Nous la liberté (1931), a utopian satire to the industrial company. 1936, when Charlie Chaplin decaying Time brought out and the German Tobis, which had produced À Nous la liberté and meanwhile (1935) under the influence of Joseph Goebbels was guessed/advised, decided, to attack Chaplin because of plagiarism and imitation opposed René Clair this attack, by recognizing Chaplins film as indirect Hommage to its film. The Tobis nevertheless continued its attacks against Chaplin.

After Le Dernier milliardaire (1934) had fallen through, René Clair accepted the offer to work in London. Here he tied goes west (1935) with The Ghost to its successes, its following film however, BREAK the news (1937), an English Remake in the previous year of the La Mort EN appeared in France fuite, fell through.

At the end of of 1938 it returned to France. It began with the turning work for air purely in July 1939, which was interrupted in September by the mobilization, when several members of the crew were sent into the Second World War - the film became never finished. At the end of June 1940 left René Clair France with his wife and his child, went over Spain and Portugal to New York. The Vichy regime denied the French nationality to him, cancelled the decision however some time later.

René Clair was well taken up to Hollywood, where he turned four films: The Fleming OF new Orleans (1940), I married A witch (1942), It happened tomorrow (1943) and and then there were none (1945) - a latter adaptation of the ten small negro flax of Agatha Christie.

1946 it returned to France, where it est Le Silence d'or (1947), La Beauté you diable (1949, an adaptation of the Johann fist - myth) and Belles de Nuit (1952) turned.

1955 it turned its first color film, Les Grandes of manœuvres, for which it received the Prix Louis Delluc. Subsequently, (1957) it brought La Grande ceinture, a novel of René falls, under the title of havens lilas with Georges of the Brassens on the canvas.

1960 were selected René Clair into the Académie française (armchair 19) - the first time that this happened to a Cineasten. At the same time the Nouvelle Vague threw the rules of a cinema over the heap, whose most important representative was he.

Its last films are alternating Kurzfilme (La française l'amour, 1960 et, and Les Quatre vérités, 1962) and features (Tout l'or you moons (1961) with Bourvil), of which Les Fêtes of galantes was last from 1965 its.

René Clair dedicated itself afterwards the Schriftstellerei and to the public work at the theatre. It again brought 1970 Relâche of Picabia on the stage, and produced 1973 Orfeo OD Euridice of Christoph Willibald luck at that to Paris opera.

1974 he was a president of the jury with the international Filmfestpsielen of Cannes, and brought out La Catin aux lèvres douces at the Théâtre de l'Odéon .

Filmografie

  • Paris qui ( 1923) Entr'acte
  • ( 1924) Le
  • fantôme you Moulin Rouge ( 1924) Le
  • Voyage imaginaire ( 1925) La
  • Proie you vent ( 1926) Un
  • chapeau de paille d'Italie ( 1927) La
  • route ( 1928) Les
  • Deux of timides ( 1928) Sous
  • of les toits de Paris ( 1930) À
  • nous la liberté ( 1931) Le
  • million ( 1931) 14
  • juillet there (1932)
  • Le Dernier milliardaire (1934)
  • The Ghost of goes west (1935)
  • BREAK the news (1937)
  • air purely (1939), not finished
  • The Fleming OF new Orleans (1940)
  • I married A witch (1942)
  • It happened tomorrow (1943)
  • and then there were none (1945)
  • Le Silence est d'or (1946)
  • La Beauté you diable (1949)
  • Les Belles de nuit (1952)
  • Les Grandes Manœuvres (1955)
  • havens of the Lilas (1957)
  • Le Mariage (1960), sketch to La Française et l'amour
  • Tout l'or you moons (1961)
  • Les Deux pigeons (1962), sketch to Les Quatre vérités
  • Les Fêtes Galantes (1965)

Bibliografie

  • Adam, Grasset, 1926
  • Le Cinématograph contre l' ESPRIT, 1927
  • Réflexion faite, Gallimard, 1951
  • La princesse de Chine and De fell EN aiguille, grass set, 1951
  • Comédies et Commentaires, Gallimard, 1959
  • Cinéma D' here, cinéma D' aujourd' hui, Gallimard, Collection Idées, 1970
  • L' étrange ouvrage cieux, Gallimard, coll. Le Manteau d'Arlequin, 1972
  • Jeux you hazard, Gallimard, 1976

documents

honors

Web on the left of

Wikiquote: René Clair - quotations
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